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The man is a social being, he lives in the society. But when some humans are residing collectively, in a group, there may be some persons showing unfavourable tendencies. There may be some persons who commit such acts which are forbidden. The ones who commit the act forbidden by the society; and in case of modern world, forbidden by law, are said to have done an offence. The persons committing crimes are sent to prisons-cum-rehabilitation and correctional centres. Sometimes, it may happen that an undertrial, who is still facing a trial and has not been granted bail, may also be sent to prison, at that moment he also becomes a prisoner. The stages through which any person involved in a criminal case undergoes constitute, the part of criminal justice system. The terms are familiar to many people but still need their deep conceptual scrutiny, for better understanding. Therefore, the researcher has taken up the study of conceptually analysing the various terms “crime”, “prison”, “prisoner” and “administration of criminal justice system” which are necessary to be understood for the basic knowledge of criminology. The nature of study is doctrinal and purely exploratory in nature.
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Any person after getting involved in criminal justice system, may either get convicted or acquitted. If a person is convicted, such conviction results into lawful deprivation of some of his most cherished fundamental rights. Hence, the result of involvement in criminal justice system, may be worse, curtailing many liberties.
For example, the Legal Services Authorities Act, 1987 confers such functions on various authorities constituted under the Act.
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