Galaxy International Interdisciplinary Research Journal <p><strong>Galaxy International Interdisciplinary Research Journal (GIIRJ) </strong>is a monthly peer reviewed international journal. The international interdisciplinary journal publishes the articles in various disciplines. We invite authors to submit the original research papers for the current issue of our journal. GIIRJ is started with the vision of providing the platform to the researchers in 2013 and providing the services with best quality paper publications in the areas not limited Sciences, Humanities, Economics, Finance, Engineering, History, Educational Advancements, Tourism and physical sciences. </p> <p><strong>A PEER REVIEWED REFEREED MONTHLY E-JOURNAL</strong></p> <p><strong>(ALL SUBJECT ONLINE MONTHLY JOURNAL)</strong></p> <ul> <li><strong>ISSN (E):</strong> 2347-6915</li> <li><strong>SJIF Impact Factor 2021 :</strong> 7.472</li> </ul> <p> :2020: 6.914<br /> :2019: 6.519<br /> :2018: 5.723<br /> :2017: 5.604</p> <ul> <li><strong>Submission Date :</strong> Open</li> <li><strong>Publication Date :</strong> Within 48 Hours </li> </ul> <p><strong>Send your Manuscripts to:</strong></p> Galaxy Journal en-US Galaxy International Interdisciplinary Research Journal 2347-6915 INTRODUCTION AND BIOECOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF INDIGOFERA (INDIGOFERA TINCTORIA L) PLANT IN THE CONDITIONS OF SURKHANDARYA REGION <p>This article covers a wide range of plants that will attract people's attention as natural dyes are a quality and environmentally friendly product that is especially valued at all times and will never become a tradition. Among them, the indigo blue dye obtained from the leaves of the valuable indigofera plant stands out. The Latin word for "king of colors" is known for its seven climates. His name even appears in historical sources. According to reports, an indigo-painted garment of the ancient Egyptian pharaoh Tutankhamun has been widely reported to have been preserved and used for 3.5 thousand years without losing its color and quality.</p> Aslanova Kholida Gafurovna Umrzakova Gulmira Copyright (c) 2021 2021-12-01 2021-12-01 9 12 1 3 TEACHER'S COMMUNICATIVE ABILITY <p>Communication is an information process. Information goes in two directions: from the subject of management (teacher) to the object of management (Students) and vice versa - from object to subject.</p> Raziya Matibaeva Copyright (c) 2021 2021-12-01 2021-12-01 9 12 4 7 THE TEACHER AS A SUBJECT OF TREATMENT <p>The success of a teacher's interactions with children depends in many ways on his or her pedagogical ability and pedagogical etiquette. In psychology, pedagogical skills are understood to mean certain psychological characteristics of a person. These qualities are a prerequisite for her to achieve high results in teaching and educating children as a teacher.</p> Yu Sadikov Copyright (c) 2021 2021-12-01 2021-12-01 9 12 8 11 THE ROLE OF THE UZBEK LANGUAGE IN THE SPIRITUAL AND EDUCATIONAL POTENTIAL OF YOUNG PEOPLE <p>The article focuses on the importance of the Uzbek language in the spiritual and educational potential of young people, the culture of speech, literacy on the Internet, the effective use of the Internet in distance learning.</p> Shermatova Dilfuza Yakubjanovna G’ulomjonova Shahzodaxon G’ofurjon qizi Copyright (c) 2021 2021-12-01 2021-12-01 9 12 12 16 THE USE OF LOCAL HISTORY MATERIAL IN THE WORK ON COLICESTIVE NUMERICAL <p>Students in the first Uzbek language of instruction classes experience considerable difficulty in combining numerical with name nouns, due to the interfering influence of the mother tongue. The paper presents material on the use of the text of local history in organizing work on numerical numbers.</p> M.K.Jurayeva Copyright (c) 2021 2021-12-01 2021-12-01 9 12 17 23 TEACHING METHODS FOR THE GRAMMAR OF THE RUSSIAN LANGUAGE ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY - GENDER <p>This paper discusses the role and significance of foreign languages. The author notes that proficiency in a second language is based on an understanding of the fact that grammar is a necessary basis for the full use of the Russian language both in scientific activity and in everyday life.</p> Ismatullaev Abror Malikovich Copyright (c) 2021 2021-12-01 2021-12-01 9 12 24 29 LINGUOCULTUROLOGY IS A NEW BRANCH OF LINGUISTICS <p>This work is devoted to cultural linguistics, which studies the ethnopsychological characteristics and spiritual culture of the nation, parameology, precedent texts and sociocultural connotations. The author examines the key concepts of cultural linguistics, such as a picture of the world, concept, logo-episteme, phraseological units, idiomatic words, aphorisms, sayings, proverbs, quotes, stamps.</p> Rahmatullayeva Nigora Erkinpo’latovna Copyright (c) 2021 2021-12-01 2021-12-01 9 12 30 37 ON THE PROBLEM OF IMPOSING AND FASTENING THE SKILLS OF RUSSIAN ORPHOEPY IN THE SECONDARY SCHOOL WITH THE UZBEK LANGUAGE OF TEACHING <p>The article is devoted to the characterization of the problem of the formation of Russian orthoepy skills in a school with the Uzbek language of instruction. The author substantiates the need to develop a set of special exercises aimed at instilling and permanently strengthening the skills of Russian orthoepy, designed for the entire period of teaching the Russian language in a secondary school.</p> Abdullaeva Saidakhon Nuritdinovna Copyright (c) 2021 2021-12-01 2021-12-01 9 12 38 44 THE CONCEPT OF HOMELAND IN THE POEMS OF MUHAMMAD YUSUF <p>In this article, the issue of the concept of homeland in the poems of Muhammad Yusuf is analyzed on the basis of the poet’s poems. It is established from the examples that the poet's hymn "Motherland" in his poems "Vatan", "Vatanim" is expressed in a unique style.</p> R.Tojimatov Copyright (c) 2021 2021-12-01 2021-12-01 9 12 45 49 A NECESSARY FACTOR IN INCREASING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF TRAINING IN SPECIALTIES <p>This article analyzes not the speech contextual features of the Uzbek-Russian bilingualism, but the features in the implementation in oral and written speech. It was also noted that the quality of the educational process in universities provides the necessary level of training of specialists.</p> G. Rizamukhamedova Copyright (c) 2021 2021-12-01 2021-12-01 9 12 50 54 FEATURES OF TEACHING FUTURE CIVIL ENGINEERS TO COMMUNICATE IN RUSSIAN <p>The article discusses the features of the formation of the communication skills of future civil engineers studying the Russian language.</p> Akbarova Feruza Tulkunjonovna Copyright (c) 2021 2021-12-01 2021-12-01 9 12 55 58 FIXED POINTS OF LINEAR OPERATORS WHICH MAP OF SIMLEX TO ITSELF IN THE CASE FOR n=3 <p>Identpotent mathematics consists of changing simple arithmetic operations for a new set of main operations (as maximum or minimum), in this case a field of numbers exchange with idenpotent semirings and semifields.</p> Karimova Shalola Musayevna Copyright (c) 2021 2021-12-01 2021-12-01 9 12 59 62 SYSTEMIC BASES OF STATE REGULATION OF SMALL BUSINESS AND PRIVATE ENTREPRENEURSHIP <p>The article describes the basics of systems of state regulation of small business and private entrepreneurship.</p> Sabaydullaeva Marxamat Abdulkhodievna Umurzakov Dilshodbek Khakimovich Copyright (c) 2021 2021-12-01 2021-12-01 9 12 63 69 THE MAIN DIRECTIONS OF DIVERSIFICATION OF EXPORTS OF INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTS ON THE BASIS OF LOCALIZATION <p>This article covers the main trends and some issues of diversification of exports of industrial products on the basis of localization.</p> Ubaydullaev Toxirjon Abdullajanovich Ibrogimov Sherzodbek Halimjon ogli Copyright (c) 2021 2021-12-01 2021-12-01 9 12 70 75 THE ROLE OF INDUSTRIAL ENTERPRISES IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE NATIONAL ECONOMY <p>This article considers some issues such as the socio-economic nature of the innovative potential of industrial enterprises, its components, the main factors in the formation and development of innovative potential.</p> Kamolov Abduraxmon Copyright (c) 2021 2021-12-01 2021-12-01 9 12 76 81 THE ROLE OF MILITARY PEDAGOGICAL COMPETENCE IN THE WORK OF THE HEAD OF PRE-SERVICE TRAINING (OFFICER) <p>Pre-service training The effectiveness of a leader's (officer's) professional activity depends primarily on the leader's pedagogical culture, pedagogical skills, knowledge and abilities.</p> Azimov Ravshanbek Husanovich Copyright (c) 2021 2021-12-01 2021-12-01 9 12 82 83 STRONG METAL-SUPPORT INTERACTION PROMOTED SCALABLE PRODUCTION OF THERMALLY STABLE SINGLE-ATOM CATALYSTS <p>Single-atom catalysts (SACs) have demonstrated superior catalytic performance in numerous heterogeneous reactions. However, producing thermally stable SACs, especially in a simple and scalable way, remains a formidable challenge. Here, we report the synthesis of Ru SACs from commercial RuO2 powders by physical mixing of sub-micron RuO2 aggregates with a MgAl1.2Fe0.8O4 spinel. Atomically dispersed Ru is confirmed by aberration-corrected scanning transmission electron microscopy and X-ray absorption spectroscopy.</p> Ergasheva Hikoyat Turabovna Abdiraimova Kamola Mamasoliyevna Copyright (c) 2021 2021-12-01 2021-12-01 9 12 84 86 MAIN FACTORS OF FORMING MODERN CULTURAL IMAGE OF YOUTH <p>Today, on the one hand, the youth of our country is determined by the fact that their life coincides with the globalization, rapid information, modernization processes, and the ongoing radical reforms, on the other, on the principles of socio-economic, political, legal and democratic development. This, in turn, leads us to believe in the youth movement, the position and responsibility of the state and society in the implementation of the prospects of building a democratic, free and prosperous homeland, free and prosperous life.</p> Karimova Dilfuza Abdukayumova Copyright (c) 2021 2021-12-01 2021-12-01 9 12 87 90 A BRIEF PHILOSOPHICAL-SCIENTIFIC ANALYSIS OF MAKOMS <p>The article briefly reveals the essence of the philosophical content of the art of the Uzbek national maqom and the importance of philosophical and scientific analysis in the study of maqom and the peculiarities of the melodic structure of the branches of the maqom.</p> Dilshodjon Toshaliev Copyright (c) 2021 2021-12-01 2021-12-01 9 12 91 95 TERMIZ BRANCH OF TASHKENT MEDICAL ACADEMY FORMING A HEALTHY LIFESTYLE AMONG STUDENTS <p>This article scientifically substantiates and draws conclusions about a healthy lifestyle among students of the Termez branch of the Tashkent Medical Academy.</p> K.Sh. Sharofiddinov J.J.Jalilov G.Q. Narzullaeva S.B.Baxodirov O.U.Salimov Copyright (c) 2021 2021-12-01 2021-12-01 9 12 96 99 LINGUISTIC INTERPRETATION OF THE CONCEPT OF” BEAUTY " AND THE EXPRESSION OF GENDER ETHALON IN IT <p>The article mentions the interpretation of the concert “beauty” in artistic works, studies conducted by linguists on this subject. Also, the issue of gender identity in the expression of beauty is analyzed by the example of Uzbek artistic written literature.</p> Marufova Zulfiya Nabievna Copyright (c) 2021 2021-12-02 2021-12-02 9 12 100 103 THE ACTIVITY OF PEDAGOGUE AND TEACHER: HISTORY AND CONTEMPORANEITY <p>This article focuses on teacher performance in the modern education system. In historical reality, the activities of teachers, the duties of teachers, their role in the development of society are analyzed from a socio-philosophical point of view.</p> Kudratova Umida Rahmatovna Copyright (c) 2021 2021-12-02 2021-12-02 9 12 104 109 IN THE EARLY STAGES OF RELOCATION POLICY FEATURES AND METHODS <p>Particular attention is paid to the processes of relations between Turkestan and Russia, mainly in the XVI-XX centuries. This is not in vain, of course. Because by the middle of the 16th century, the unification and centralization of Russian lands around Moscow was completed, and it became one of the leading states in Europe. This process has led to an increase in the mutual interest of the ruling circles of the two regions in terms of political and economic interests. At the same time, the collapse of the Great Silk Road in the 16th century led to the complete isolation of the Central Asian khanates from world trade and relations. In the Central Asian khanates, which were in a state of constant war with neighboring countries, Russia was considered a strategic partner in economic and political relations with the state. At the same time, it was beneficial for the Russian Empire, which was expanding its sphere of influence to the East from year to year, to get closer to the Central Asian khanates.</p> Gavhar Tursunova Bekmurodovna Copyright (c) 2021 2021-12-02 2021-12-02 9 12 110 112 PREPARATION MACHINE FOR GREENHOUSES <p>The article discusses the problems of developing machines with high productivity and quality, energy-saving. Based on the results of the research, a technical development was given.</p> X. R. Gaffarov Sh. N. Sadullaev Copyright (c) 2021 2021-12-03 2021-12-03 9 12 113 115 PECULIARITIES OF THE VIEWS OF ALISHER NAVOI ON EDUCATION AND NURTURE <p>The article seeks to illustrate the peculiar features of the views of Alisher Navoi on the problem of education and spiritual nourishment. According to Navoi, the education of a person is a prime factor in the formation of his or her character, and also the biggest factor of his contribution to the societal development and maintenance of social justice.</p> Hujayev Davron Nuriddinovich Copyright (c) 2021 2021-12-03 2021-12-03 9 12 116 119 TULIP VARIETIES IMPORTED FROM THE NETHERLANDS TECHNOLOGY OF CULTIVATION OF NAMANGAN REGION <p>This article climatic conditions of the Republic of Uzbekistan in Namangan region in 2018, 10 types of local varieties and 16 species of introduced species in the Netherlands in 2019 yield, growth and development of the research work were carried out. The bulbs of experimental material that is local grade 1 ha in 2018, 4500, 2019, introduced species is 22500 units. Before planting the tulip bulbs in 4-50 temperature of 16 weeks of refrigeration technology is used. The main objective of the study is productive in all weather and disease-resistant varieties of onions to identify and compare local and introduced varieties, conducted research to determine the most appropriate options.</p> Kurbanov Ibrahimjon Sharifbaevich N. Salimov Copyright (c) 2021 2021-12-04 2021-12-04 9 12 120 124 THE ROLE OF SEMICONDUCTOR MATERIALS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY <p>This article dicsusses the role of semiconductor materials in the development of modern science and technology.</p> Turaev Ergash Yuldashovich Karimova Shahlo Eshnazar kizi Copyright (c) 2021 2021-12-04 2021-12-04 9 12 124 126 ORGANIZATIONAL FORMS OF TEACHING <p>Organizational forms of teaching are activities that are organized by teachers and students in a specially organized manner and a certain mode. This or that organizational form of teaching is characterized by the combination of collective and individual teaching in different forms, different levels of student independence in teaching, different methods of teacher guidance for students' learning. The choice of forms of organization of education is determined by the educational tasks and depends on the content and methods of educational work. Teaching in vocational colleges is carried out in a system called the class-lesson system. When applied in vocational colleges, the classroom system provides for the division of students into groups according to their level of training, the profession they study, and for some professions - by gender and age. The composition of each study group does not change from the beginning to the end of the training. Classes are conducted under the guidance of a teacher on a strict schedule. The material to be studied is divided into parts, each of which has a specific purpose in the fall.</p> Zulfiya Shokirova Copyright (c) 2021 2021-12-04 2021-12-04 9 12 127 130 THE NATURE AND LAWS OF THE LEARNING PROCESS <p>One of the main parts of didactics is the part of teaching principles. Principles of teaching are the basic rules that determine the nature of a teacher’s activities and students ’learning activities. Ignorance of these principles or inaccuracies in their application impede the work of teaching, impede the acquisition of knowledge, the formation of qualities that affect the personality of students.</p> N. Mullasodiqova Copyright (c) 2021 2021-12-04 2021-12-04 9 12 131 135 DEVELOPMENT OF A PACKAGE OF MATERIALS FOR WOMEN'S UNIFORM POWER STRUCTURES <p>Analysis of the situation in the field of designing clothing for special departments has shown a lot of research and inventions to protect against harmful factors by the Special units of the Ministry of Internal Affairs.</p> N. D. Abdurakhmanova H.M. Yunuskhodzhaeva Copyright (c) 2021 2021-12-04 2021-12-04 9 12 136 138 SCIENTIFIC AND THEORETICAL FUNDAMENTALS OF MODERN EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY <p>The modern education system, its goals, and objectives must be consistent with the solution of the problem of education, which serves the development of our republic. Information on the intellectual potential of people in the management of socio-economic development of the country and in determining its future shows the great importance of the prevailing scientific and technological progress in the world. At the same time, the current state of science development in the world, especially in a society where modern information technologies are widely introduced, the rapid updating of knowledge in various fields, puts students in front of them the task of regular and independent search for knowledge.</p> Fuzailova Gavxar Siddikovna Copyright (c) 2021 2021-12-04 2021-12-04 9 12 139 141 DEVELOPING A SYSTEM OF NATIONAL SPIRITUAL VALUES IN THE TRAINING OF FUTURE SPECIALISTS <p>The social environment plays an&nbsp; in the development and improvement of society. The conditions must be created for people to work fully. The radical reforms being carried out in the Republic today are aimed at the development of society, and special attention is paid to the role and value of every citizen in society. In each of his speeches, the First President of the Republic of Uzbekistan IA Karimov focused on the human factor. In particular, he repeatedly stated in his speeches that each of us is responsible for the education of young people. Therefore, it is necessary to take a unique approach to the preparation of primary school teachers for the educational process.</p> Fuzailova Gavxar Siddikovna Copyright (c) 2021 2021-12-04 2021-12-04 9 12 142 144 DEVELOPMENT OF FOREIGN LANGUAGE LEARNING SKILLS IN STUDENTS WITH THE HELP OF TEACHING IDIOMS IN NOPHYLOGICAL EDUCATION <p>The article describes the organization and effectiveness of teaching using expressions in the formation of foreign language learning skills. Phrases also play an important role in foreign language teaching. Phrases encourage deeper penetration into language and broaden a person’s worldview. New technologies make them easier to learn. Many Apple and Android apps play an important role in foreign language teaching. Examples include WhatsApp, Telegram and Viber. These apps always involve the learner in the learning process and ensure that they are active, no matter where they are. Phrases enhance the appeal and variety of the language. Multimedia also plays an important role in learning phrases. The phrases mentioned in the movie clips are used in teaching and increase the effectiveness of memorization.</p> Sirojov D. K. Copyright (c) 2021 2021-12-04 2021-12-04 9 12 145 149 DEVELOPMENT OF A SYSTEM FOR ASSESSING STUDENT KNOWLEDGE IN THE CREDIT MODULE SYSTEM <p>The article discusses the implementation of a credit-module system, which is a key aspect in motivating teachers and students to work efficiently. This article explains the concepts of module and credit, as well as the construction of a method for evaluating student understanding in the credit module system.</p> Eshpulatova Muhayyo Mardonovna Copyright (c) 2021 2021-12-04 2021-12-04 9 12 150 153 MODERN LOGISTICS SYSTEMS FOR THE COLLECTION AND DISTRIBUTION OF GOODS <p>This article traces the evolution of logistics and supply chain management and supply chain management and projects the state of the field in the near term with the attendant challenges for those who must plan and control logistics/supply chain operations. projects the state of the field in the near term with the attendant challenges for those who must plan and control logistics/supply chain operations.</p> Mirzabekova Umida Nishanbaevna Copyright (c) 2021 2021-12-04 2021-12-04 9 12 154 156 ANDRAGOGICAL MODEL OF THE FORMATION OF PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCE AMONG STUDENTS OF A VOCATIONAL EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTION <p>The article reveals the essence of the basic concepts of the formation of professional competence in students on the basis of the andragogical approach, the peculiarities of the process of the formation of professional competence. The importance of professional competence of a specialist in the modern labor market is recognized. The article also proposes the author's technology for the formation of professional competence of students based on the androgynous approach.</p> M. D. Kurbanova Copyright (c) 2021 2021-12-04 2021-12-04 9 12 157 160 ISSUES OF SPIRITUAL AND MORAL EDUCATION IN THE UPBRINGING OF PRESCHOOL CHILDREN <p>This article discusses the most effective and proven methods of moral education of preschoolers and pedagogical issues of moral education in modern Uzbek families. Moral education plays an important role in the formation of such positive qualities in children as friendship, justice, kindness and kindness. compassion.</p> Rakhimova Mokhinura Khoshimjonovna Copyright (c) 2021 2021-12-04 2021-12-04 9 12 161 164 PEDAGOGICAL DESIGN OF THE PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE FUTURE TEACHER <p>Pedagogical skill is a professionally formed professional education, understanding, skills and competencies based on the qualities of a teacher-coach, deep knowledge of the secrets of the teaching profession, humanity and talent and intellectual potential, etc. The purpose of pedagogical skills is to improve the quality and effectiveness of the lesson, which is the professional and creative activity of the teacher. In this case, the skill of the educator depends on the ability to quickly find out what is not clear to anyone among the learners.</p> Gulyamova Muzayana Jahongirkhon kizi Copyright (c) 2021 2021-12-04 2021-12-04 9 12 165 167