Galaxy International Interdisciplinary Research Journal <p><strong>Galaxy International Interdisciplinary Research Journal (GIIRJ) </strong>is a monthly peer reviewed international journal. The international interdisciplinary journal publishes the articles in various disciplines. We invite authors to submit the original research papers for the current issue of our journal. GIIRJ is started with the vision of providing the platform to the researchers in 2013 and providing the services with best quality paper publications in the areas not limited Sciences, Humanities, Economics, Finance, Engineering, History, Educational Advancements, Education and Sports Sciences, Tourism and Physical Sciences. </p> <p><strong>A PEER REVIEWED REFEREED MONTHLY E-JOURNAL</strong></p> <p><strong>(ALL SUBJECT ONLINE MONTHLY JOURNAL)</strong></p> <ul> <li><strong>ISSN (E):</strong> 2347-6915</li> </ul> <ul> <li><strong>SJIF Impact Factor 2023</strong>: 8.057</li> </ul> <table style="height: 288px;" width="296"> <tbody> <tr> <td width="58"> <p><strong>Year</strong></p> </td> <td width="103"> <p><strong>SJIF Impact Factor</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="58"> <p>2023</p> </td> <td width="103"> <p>8.057</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="58"> <p>2022</p> </td> <td width="103"> <p>7.718</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="58"> <p>2021</p> </td> <td width="103"> <p>7.472</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="58"> <p>2020</p> </td> <td width="103"> <p>6.914</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="58"> <p>2019</p> </td> <td width="103"> <p>6.519</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p> </p> <ul> <li><strong>Submission Date:</strong> Open</li> <li><strong>Publication Date:</strong> Within 48 Hours </li> </ul> <p><strong>Send your Manuscripts to:</strong></p> <p> </p> Galaxy Journal en-US Galaxy International Interdisciplinary Research Journal 2347-6915 EXPLORING THE REPRESENTATION OF DEATH AND LOSS IN 20TH-CENTURY WORKS <p>The article delves into the profound exploration of death and loss in various artistic works of the 20th century. The 20th century witnessed significant shifts in societal norms, technological advancements, and global conflicts, which greatly influenced the artistic expressions of the time. Artists across different mediums, including literature, visual arts, and film, grappled with the themes of mortality, grief, and the human experience of loss.</p> Jurayeva Sevara Kakhraman qizi Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-07 2023-09-07 11 9 1 3 MODERN PROBLEMS OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION AND SPORTS IN SCHOOLCHILDREN AND STUDENTS <p>The article is devoted to identifying current problems of modern sports and the physical health of students and schoolchildren. It contains data on surveys, in percentage terms. This article reflects the causes and global nature of problems with sports among students. It dispels the myths that sports are not for everyone and is engaged in attracting the attention of adolescents and students to physical activity. The article also talks about the role of physical education for the younger generation.</p> Pardaev Bakhrom Pulatovich Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-10 2023-09-10 11 9 4 8 IMPROVING THE USE OF INTERACTIVE METHODS BY TEACHERS OF INFORMATICS IN THE EDUCATIONAL PROCESS <p>In the ever-evolving landscape of education, it is imperative that Informatics teachers embrace interactive methods to enrich the learning experience for their students. This article explores the significance of interactive teaching techniques in Informatics education and offers practical insights for educators to enhance their instructional strategies. By leveraging technology, fostering active participation, and promoting collaborative learning, teachers can cultivate a dynamic and engaging classroom environment that fosters deep understanding and critical thinking in the field of Informatics.</p> Musurmanov Ulug‘bek Amirkulovich Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-10 2023-09-10 11 9 9 14 THE EFFECT OF SPECIFIC EXERCISES TARGETING SPECIFIC AREAS ON THE SKILL AND TACTICAL PERFORMANCE DEVELOPMENT OF YOUNG SOCCER PLAYERS <p>The research aims to prepare specific exercises targeting specific areas to enhance the skill and tactical performance of young soccer players. It also seeks to determine the impact of these specific exercises on the development of skill performance in young soccer players. The research adopted an experimental approach and followed the experimental design for both control and experimental groups with pre-test and post-test assessments. The research sample consisted of 14 players from Mosul Sports Club in the youth category, selected purposefully. The experiment was conducted over 12 weeks, with four training sessions per week, totaling 48 units. <br>This third chapter includes the devices and tools used in the research, data collection methods, the two survey experiments, and the tests used in the research. It also covers the scientific principles of the tests, the pre-test and post-test, the main experiment, and the statistical methods used for data analysis.</p> Raed Raad Shaker Prof. Dr. Morad Bahaloul, Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-11 2023-09-11 11 9 15 31 REFORMS IMPLEMENTED IN THE LIVESTOCK FIELD IN THE YEARS OF INDEPENDENCE IN CURKHONDARYO <p>In the article, the work carried out in the development of the livestock industry in the Surkhandarya region, the activities of farms in the livestock industry, the establishment of breeding, strengthening the feed base, increasing the number of livestock and the volume of production, purchasing equipment, technology information is given on the development of farming, the provision of long-term preferential loans for livestock farmers.</p> Shohida Jumaeva Chorievna Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-11 2023-09-11 11 9 32 36 COMMON ASPECTS OF AUTHOR'S SKILL AND STYLE IN TRAVELOGUES <p>In this article, a special approach in the style of writing travelogues, the completion of vivid expressions in images, the introduction of interesting stories from each other that tell about the wonders of the peat, the way the surrounding world manifests its freshness in a different country, the issuance of thought-minded teran Musah in bringing full-fledged information about the training of foreign representatives only spoken.</p> PhD. Ne'matova Hulkar Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-11 2023-09-11 11 9 37 40 RESULTS OF CLUSTER ANALYSIS ON COTTON FAMILIES AND LINES BASED ON PAIR AND COMPOSITE HYBRIDS <p>In the article, it is mentioned that it is important to create and introduce productive selection varieties of cotton, which meet the requirements of the world market, which are quick-ripening, fiber quality, suitable for different soil-climate regions, and researches are aimed at bringing out the results of composite breeding to the full extent. In the researches, information on the separation of cotton families and lines into clusters based on valuable economic characteristics based on the cluster dendrogram was given, and it was explained that as a result of dividing families and lines into groups according to clusters, it is possible to combine them according to valuable economic characteristics.</p> Barotova Anisa Razzokovna Kholmurodova Guzal Ruzievna Tangirova Gulchekhra Nasridinovna Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-12 2023-09-12 11 9 41 49 MODERN REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DIGITIZATION OF THE TRANSPORT SYSTEM AND CRITERIA FOR EVALUATING THEIR EFFECTIVENESS <p>Modern requirements for the digitization of the transport system represent the interdependence of technical and technological, operational efficiency and socio-economic aspects. These demands for the digitalization of the transport sector require a concerted effort to use advanced digital technologies and strategies to not only optimize the existing transport infrastructure, but also to fundamentally revise its architecture.</p> Komilov A. A. Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-13 2023-09-13 11 9 50 56 VARIABILITY OF YIELD ELEMENTS IN F2-F3 PLANTS OBTAINED AS A RESULT OF PAIR HYBRIDS OF SOY <p>The article presents the results of the number of pods per plant and the weight of seeds per plant in F2-F3 plants obtained on the basis of varieties introduced from Korea. The highest results in terms of the number of pods per plant were among the introduced variety samples in the variety sample SN30(-969), F2-F3 SN27(-266) x SN30(-969) and F2SN28(-268) x SN30(-969) combinations, one plant it was highlighted that among the parent forms, the seed weight in the plant was obtained in the SN7(-014) cultivar sample, and in the F2KO18 x SN30(-969) combinations.</p> Kholmurodova Guzal Ruzievna Tangirova Gulchekhra Nasridinovna Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-14 2023-09-14 11 9 57 64 ASSESSMENT OF THE VALUE CHARACTERISTICS OF LOCAL "SOCHILMAS" AND "NAFIS" VARIETIES OF SOY <p>The article deals with the methods of evaluating the economic characteristics of local soybean varieties "Sochilmas" and "Nafis".</p> Juraev S. T. Sobirova D. Z. Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-14 2023-09-14 11 9 65 71 COMMUNICATION AND ITS SOCIAL TYPES AND IMPORTANCE IN THE HUMAN HIERARCHY <p>This article describes what communication is like, its psychological and social structures, what types of content it is like, and how communication and speech styles go in social society. At the same time, it details how important communication is to a person's social life.</p> Uzaqbayeva Surayyo Jiyanov Karimboy Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-14 2023-09-14 11 9 72 75 ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS ARISING IN OPEN-PIT MINING OPERATIONS TODAY, AND THE BASIS OF THEIR REDUCTION BASED ON THE USE OF EMULSION EXPLOSIVES IN BLASTING OPERATIONS <p>Mining is an important economic activity that provides important minerals and raw materials for industry. However, mining activities have negative effects on the environment, such as water and air pollution and soil degradation. These environmental problems are caused by the intensive use of chemicals, explosives and heavy machinery during the mining process. The negative impact on the environment can continue long after mining has ended.</p> M. J. Normatova A. O. Bekmuratov Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-15 2023-09-15 11 9 76 77 STUDY OF THE QUARRY SIDE SCOPE AND ROCK MASS COEFFICIENT FOR MANAGEMENT DECISION MAKING <p>The design and parameters of the non-working sides of the quarry must meet the requirements of stability and placement of the necessary platforms on them. A decrease in the angle of inclination of the side by 2-3° at the time of quarry closure leads to a significant increase in the volumes of overburden removed and the costs of field development. An excessive angle of inclination of the side compared to the angle of the stable slope can cause landslides and rock collapses. The selection of the optimal contours of the quarry is very important when mining mineral deposits, since the volume of industrial reserves of minerals and the volume of overburden in the quarry, which determine the productivity and life of the quarry, depend on them.</p> Abdurashidov Shakhriyor Mashrabjon ugli Muhammadiyev Akbar Rakhim ugli Berdimurodov Sanjar Abdurasul ugli Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-15 2023-09-15 11 9 78 85 COMMENTS ON THE TYPES OF EXPRESSIONS <p>This article provides information about one-link, two-link, three-link expressions, and expressions expressing sign and action. In addition, idioms are classified in terms of their meaning, their level of use, and comments on their functional and stylistic features are highlighted.</p> Hayitmurodova daughter of Marjona Bekzod Scientific Supervisor: Anvar Siobrov Kuvandikovic Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-16 2023-09-16 11 9 86 88 RENAISSANCE OF TIMURID PERIOD AND ITS PLACE IN WORLD CIVILIZATION <p>In this article, the concept of renaissance, renaissance and renaissance during the Timurid period, the culture of Timur and the Timurid era were briefly covered by the author, and the contribution of the renaissance of the Timurid era to the world civilization was given.</p> Sodiqova Muhabbat Salimovna Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-17 2023-09-17 11 9 89 92 MODERN METHODS OF EARLY DIAGNOSIS OF MICROANGIOPATHY IN PATIENTS WITH DIABETES MELLITUS TYPE 2 <p>Type 2 diabetes mellitus belongs to the risk factors for the development of cardiovascular diseases, which are currently the main cause of early disability and mortality in the working-age population. According to Panzram G., diabetes mellitus increases mortality 2-3 times, the risk of coronary heart disease and myocardial infarction - 2 times, kidney pathology - 17 times, gangrene of the lower extremities - 20 times, arterial hypertension - more than three times.</p> Bekasheva G. M. Alijonov D. A. Kholmatova G. A. Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-17 2023-09-17 11 9 93 96 STUDY OF THE IMPACT OF THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC ON THE EFFECTIVENESS OF TREATMENT IN CHRONIC CORONARY HEART DISEASE <p>The pandemic of the new coronavirus infection COVID-19 and the quarantine measures that followed it, in particular, the self-isolation of the population, could seriously affect the quality of permanent pharmacotherapy (FT) and the adherence to it of patients with chronic non-communicable diseases. In patients with stable coronary artery disease during self-isolation during the COVID-19 pandemic and the associated lack of constant contact with the attending physician, a deterioration in adherence was revealed with an increase in the number of patients who stopped taking several or all prescribed drugs. The most pronounced negative dynamics was observed in adherence to disaggregants and statins. The leading barriers to adherence during the period of self-isolation were the fear of side effects of LP and unwillingness to take a large amount of LP for a long time.</p> Atakhanova S. K. Vakhabov B. M. Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-17 2023-09-17 11 9 97 101 COMPLEX ULTRASOUND EXAMINATION IN THE CLINICAL DIAGNOSIS OF NEPHROANGIOPATHIES IN LATENT DIABETES TYPE 2 <p>Diabetes mellitus, due to its high prevalence and severe medical and social consequences, is one of the urgent problems of modern medicine. Type 2 diabetes gives the character of a global epidemic to diabetes, which, according to WHO data for 2010, affects 285 million people worldwide. The costs of treatment of diabetes and its complications in the developed countries of the world account for 10-15% of the total health budget. The most dangerous consequences of the global epidemic of diabetes are its systemic vascular complications, which are the main cause of disability and mortality of patients with this pathology. Taking into account the continuous increase in the incidence of DM, as well as an increase in the life expectancy of these patients, a significant increase in kidney damage in this pathology is predicted. Diabetic nephropathy is characterized by significant structural rearrangements of the kidney and is a life-threatening, constantly progressive complication of diabetes.</p> Dilshodov A. D. Sobirov A. A. Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-17 2023-09-17 11 9 102 107 THE LEARNING INTEREST IN SOCIAL STUDIES EDUCATION: IN THE LENS OF JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS <p>The main emphasis of this study is junior high school students learning interest in social studies. 14 junior high school students who attended Carmen National High School and were chosen by purposive sampling participated in in-depth interviews and focus groups. To comprehend the perceptions and experiences of the pupils, a phenomenological technique was adopted in this study. According to the survey, social studies students typically struggle to express their ideas, beliefs, and concepts in the way they would like. These junior high school students accepted these challenges and sought help from their teachers despite the obstacles in learning. They develop greater self-direction, optimism, and zeal for learning to overcome their lack of interest in the topic. The researchers advise that participation must be encouraged for each student to feel like a vital component of the process. Additionally, administrators should organize seminars, workshops, or other professional development opportunities for instructors to engage kids in all areas, not just social studies. With the help of the seminar workshops, they could their areas of strength and weakness.</p> Chris An Aguimlod Melrose Tanduyan Ermae Trangia Genesis Genelza Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-17 2023-09-17 11 9 108 122 THE EFFECT OF THE USE OF AGROTECHNICS OF WORM FEEDING UNDER FILM ON THE YIELD OF COCOONS IN CLUSTERS AND FARMS <p>Feeding caterpillars of mulberry silkworm under the film gives the opportunity even development of the silt also full digest of the leaf which in final result raises vitality for 2-3 % and yield of cocoons of one box of caterpillars for 7-9 kg.</p> CH. I. Bekkamov Z. P. Bozorbaeva Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-17 2023-09-17 11 9 129 133 COMPREHENSIVE ASSESSMENT OF TREATMENT AND PREVENTION OF ARTERIAL PERMEABILITY DISORDERS OF THE LEGS <p>In the article is submitted information about chronic venous insufficiency, the main reasons of the disease. Described the main symptomatology, classification chronic venous insufficiency, discoursed methods of objective investigation venous system by the ultrasound examination for reasons of diagnosis chronicle venous insufficiency. Pay attention to complex conservative therapy that included elastic compression and phlebotonics, in particular Eskusan. 49 patients (female) with the initial displays of chronic venous insufficiency were under the supervision. All patients received Eskusan during long term period minimum 2 month. It was proved that Eskusan is able to increase tonus of venous wall and as a result could normalize function of veins valves because it has veinotonic, capillary protection, antiendemic, antiinflammatory, antiaggregating, antioxidant effects.</p> Tashtemirov A. R. Kodirov Sh. N. Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-20 2023-09-20 11 9 123 128 THE ROLE OF THE EDUCATIONAL SUPERVISOR (UNIVERSITY PROFESSOR) IN DEVELOPING THE PROFESSIONAL PERFORMANCE OF THE STUDENTS APPLYING THE PHYSICAL EDUCATION LESSON IN THE COLLEGE OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION AND SPORTS SCIENCES / UNIVERSITY OF AL-QADISIYAH <p>The importance of the research lies in the role of the educational supervisor, the university professor, in developing the professional performance (planning, classroom management, teaching skills, curriculum, evaluation) for the practitioners, as well as building a scale. Research problem the researchers formulated the problem in the form of a question (What is the role of the educational supervisor (university professor) in Developing the professional performance of the students applied to the lesson of physical education in the College of Physical Education and Sports Sciences / University of Al-Qadisiyah). Through the use of the Registration Division. The sample of the current research consisted of (100) male and female students, and the sample was drawn according to the stratified random method, with a rate of (60%) from the original population, and that was the use of the remaining students for the survey samples. The researcher used the descriptive method in the survey and normative method for its suitability and the nature of the problem. The research conclusions of the educational supervisor (university professor) had an effective and significant impact on the development of professional performance (planning, classroom management, teaching skills, curriculum, and evaluation) for applied students. As for the recommendations, it was necessary to intensify visits by the educational supervisor (university professor) and continuous follow-up to hone the ability and potential of the applied students in the lesson of physical education. As for the statistical methods, the researcher used the (spss) bag.</p> Assist / Prof. Dr. Thamer Hussein Kahat Assist. Lec / Hazim Thabet Zughayer Assist / Prof. Dr. Walid Samir Hadi Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-20 2023-09-20 11 9 135 159 “THE IMPACT OF A REHABILITATION PROGRAM FOR ANKLE SPRAINS ON DEVELOPING RANGE OF MOTION AND SOME PHYSICAL ABILITIES IN FOOTBALL PLAYERS” <p>The significance of this research lies in the connection between physical education and sports medicine, given its crucial role in both treating injuries that may pose a threat to athletes and in the rehabilitation and prevention of such injuries. The study aimed to investigate the impact of a proposed rehabilitation program in treating ankle sprains and strengthening the associated muscles in football players. The researcher employed the experimental method with a single experimental group design. The program was applied to a sample of (7) football players who suffered from ankle sprains, selected purposively. The injuries were determined through clinical examination and MRI scans. The researcher conducted a series of pre-tests before commencing the rehabilitation program, which lasted for (4) weeks, consisting of (3) rehabilitation sessions per week, totaling (12) rehabilitation sessions. Subsequently, post-tests were administered.</p> Dr. Basim Obaid Safr Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-20 2023-09-20 11 9 160 171 AN ANALYTICAL STUDY OF THE STRATEGIC VISION LEVEL FOR ADMINISTRATIVE DEVELOPMENT IN THE FORUM AND YOUTH OF THI QAR AIMS TO ASSESS AND ANALYZE THE SITUATION <p>The study focused on the importance of strategic planning for administrative development in the Youth and Sports Forums, aiming to develop and enhance the organizational structure, update systems and regulations in response to environmental changes.</p> Dr. Hayder Hasan Httaihet Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-20 2023-09-20 11 9 172 184 PRIORITY PROBLEM OF DEVELOPMENT AND EDUCATION OF NATIONAL CHARACTERS IN THE YOUTH IN THE REPRESENTATION OF OUR ANCESTORS <p>This article provides information on the principles of good morals in the process of raising our ancestors and instilling national virtues into the minds of our youth.</p> Pardabayeva Rano Farkhod daughter Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-22 2023-09-22 11 9 185 186 THE CONCEPT OF "NEOLOGISM" OF WORDS OR PHRASES CREATED ON THE MATERIAL OF THE LANGUAGE <p>This article analyzes the use of methods and strategies for translating English neologisms. The choice of translators of certain methods, techniques and strategies of translation and attempts to apply creative professional skills and abilities are discussed.</p> Даутова Малика Мухтаровна Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-22 2023-09-22 11 9 187 189 TOLERANT POLICY IN THE STATES (KHANATES) OF CENTRAL ASIA IN THE 16TH- 19TH CENTURIES <p>For centuries, the territory of our country is located at the crossroads of trade and economic relations between the East and the West, and different ethnic groups and religious beliefs have entered this land. In the social and spiritual life of the Middle Ages, these circumstances, in turn, led to the penetration of the ideas of tolerance into the lifestyle of the population. In this article, for the first time, the issue of inter-ethnic and inter-religious tolerance in the social and spiritual life of the country was analyzed in the conditions of the Middle Ages.</p> Rozakhon Shoeva Abror Adilov Sayyora Otadjanova Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-22 2023-09-22 11 9 190 193 FORMS AND METHODS OF FINANCING THE SOCIAL SPHERE <p>This article provides forms and methods of financing the social sphere, priority areas for financing social infrastructure. Also givendevelopment of implementation of financial methods and tools in the field of budget financing of the social sphere.</p> Odilov Feruz Shamsitdinovich Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-22 2023-09-22 11 9 194 197 DROUGHT-HEAT RESISTANCE OF TRITIKALE IN DRAIN-fED CONDITIONS OF UZBEKISTAN <p>The article presents data on the study of triticale varieties in rainfed conditions. 4 triticale varieties with high drought-heat resistance and 5 varieties based on the accumulation of total biomass were selected.</p> E. K.Tukhtamishev K. T. Isakov M.N.Pokrovskaya Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-22 2023-09-22 11 9 198 200 FUNDAMENTALS OF THE THEORY OF THE PROCESS OF GRINDING GRAIN INTO ROTARY MACHINES <p>In flour milling, the degree of grinding of grain and its particles in a roller machine is estimated by the recovery factor ki, which is a function of the gap between the rollers b and is expressed by the following exponential relationship</p> Э. Х. Нематов Н.О. Каландаров Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-23 2023-09-23 11 9 201 204 ANALYSIS OF PRODUCTIVITY INDICATORS OF SOYA COLLECTION SAMPLES <p>The article presents the results of seed weight per plant, seed weight of 1000 seeds, and productivity of the collection variety samples. The samples selected as a result of the research showed a high productivity rate compared to the standard. The article contains information on the yield and economic characteristics of soybean collection samples.</p> Khayridinova Ranokhon Kakhramon qizi Yuldasheva Rano Abdurashidovna Mirzaeva Iroda Turdalievna Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-23 2023-09-23 11 9 205 210 SELECTION OF "AMARANTH" PLANT ON THE BASIS OF PRODUCTIVITY CHARACTERS <p>This article discusses favorable conditions for the cultivation of amaranth plant genotypes as the main and duplicate crop, based on the data obtained during the experiment, varietal samples of amaranth plants are recommended to peasant homesteads and farms as a traditional crop to obtain a high and high-quality harvest of these plants.</p> Yuldasheva Rano Abdurashidovna Mamanazarov Murod Numonovich Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-23 2023-09-23 11 9 211 217 INTERRELATIONSHIP OF CULTURAL SPACE AND PARADIGMS OF MORAL CONSCIOUSNESS <p>In this article, the criteria of cultural space and universal identity are clarified by means of the national moral paradigm (ethics, in which it acts as a regulatory paradigm), and ethical rules of behavior of young people in the cultural space of communication are developed.</p> Sunatov Dilshod Hoshimovich Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-23 2023-09-23 11 9 218 226 FORMATION OF CREATIVITY AND CREATIVE ACTIVITY IN THE SUBJECTS OF THE ARTS OF MUSIC AND DRAWING DURING THE PROCESS OF TRAINING IN THE PRIMARY CLASSES OF GENERAL EDUCATION SCHOOLS <p>The article highlights the issues of the influence of art with examples of music and fine arts lessons in secondary schools. About the exclusive responsibility of primary school teachers in teaching music and drawing in the context of the development of spirituality, morality and philanthropy. When teaching compulsory school subjects, the arts discipline must be placed at a higher level among other subjects, since art is the core of obtaining high-quality knowledge in the exact sciences.</p> Abitkhan Sabitkhanovich Shakirov Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-25 2023-09-25 11 9 227 232 LAST REPRESENTATIVE POLICY OF THE COMMUNIST PARTY OF THE SOVIET UNION IN UZBEKISTAN <p>In this article, based on scientific literature lit represivnaja policy in Uzbekistan. Analyzed the activities of employees of the Office of the Prosecutor General of the USSR in Uzbekistan which is referred to as "cotton case", later began a new round of repression.</p> Khodjamberdiyev Khurshid Egamberdiyevich Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-25 2023-09-25 11 9 233 236 AN ALTERNATIVE METHOD OF CALCULATION OF ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVE RADIATION FIELD IN THE MOBILE COMMUNICATION SYSTEM <p>In the Mobile connection system radiation field calculation methods are considered.</p> M. Melibayev Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-25 2023-09-25 11 9 237 240 MASS MEDIA TARGET AUDIENCE AND MENTAL ILLNESS STIGMATIZATION AMONG STUDENTS OF KENYA MEDICAL TRAINING COLLEGE <p>Mass media plays a fundamental role in influencing the society and their perceptions in daily life. The target audience by the media determines the how they frame their message and the subject matter that they focus on in their discussions. As mental illness is becoming one of the contemporary issues in the modern society, the role of mass media particularly how they define their target audience is not adequately explored. This is despite mental illness continuing to ravage the society, especially with the increased stigmatization. This study therefore sought to examine the how mass media target audience impact mental illness stigmatization in among students in Kenya Medical Training College. The study was anchored on the cognitive dissonance theory. Using a descriptive research approach, the study through a questionnaire surveyed 384 students drawn from a population of 51045 students at the college. The data was analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics through SPSS. The findings revealed that mass media target audience through the reduced dissonance, acquisition of new information and cognitive actions significantly impacted the mental illness stigmatization. Through the beliefs towards the mentally ill persons as projected by the mass media to their target audience, the stigmatization of mentally ill persons either increased or decreased depending on the approach used by the mass media. The study concluded that mass media target audience was instrumental in determining the level of stigmatization of the mentally ill persons. It is therefore recommended that the mass media should define their target audience in a manner that positively changes their perceptions towards mental illness.</p> Maina J. Kamau Kenneth Goga Riany Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-25 2023-09-25 11 9 241 252 IMPROVING THE CONDITIONS FOR THE FORMATION OF PROFESSIONAL MOTIVATION OF FUTURE DEFECTOLOGISTS IN THE PROCESS OF PEDAGOGICAL EDUCATION <p>The main idea of the article is that improving the conditions for the formation of professional motivation in future speech therapists is an urgent problem. The scientifically grounded views of foreign and domestic scientists on the formation of professional motivation are presented. The system of formation of professional motivation of future defectologists studying at the university was also discussed.</p> Nodira Mirbаbayeva Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-26 2023-09-26 11 9 253 256 PHYSICAL ACTIVITY MAINTENANCE AND SELF-DETERMINATION OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION MAJOR STUDENTS <p>Adults who engage in systematic bodily activity at a moderate or higher intensity for 150 minutes or more per week are connected with various health advantages. A descriptive correlational research design method examined the association between maintaining physical exercise and self-determination. The results showed that maintaining physical exercise vs self-determination produces an R-value of 0.830, which is significant. The p-value of 0.001, which was below the 0.05 level of significance, is what caused the outcome. This resulted in the conclusion that the null hypothesis was rejected, according to which there was no meaningful connection between maintaining physical activity and self-determination. This suggests a strong link between maintaining physical activity and P.E. self-determination. since the p-value is below the 0.05 level of significance (0.001) for students at UMTC. Given how vital the student-teacher relationship is to the student's academic success, school officials are strongly encouraged to think about strategies to strengthen it. Additionally, as they are the second group of educators to introduce their students to the academic world, teachers should take the initiative in supporting their student’s academic endeavors. The study suggests learners should have good teacher-student interaction to succeed in all areas. Additionally, educators ought to have reasonable expectations for their student’s achievement.</p> Christian Dave Coriba Arian Mae Mula Jessica Fronteras Genesis Genelza Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-26 2023-09-26 11 9 257 271 FORMATION OF THE PRINCIPLES OF RELIGIOUS TOLERANCE IN THE SYSTEM OF SOCIO-CULTURAL RELATIONS <p>The article seeks to explore the philosophical features of the emergence of the principles of religious tolerance. Furthermore, the important aspects of tolerance in the system of social and cultural relations are comparatively analyzed through the doctrines of philosophers. While at the same time, it highlights the social aspects of the philosophers' ideas on religious tolerance in the new era and the most recent era. Additionally, documents on tolerance at the international level are put to a philosophical analysis.</p> Obidov Asliddin Shavkatovich Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-27 2023-09-27 11 9 272 277 SELF-DEVELOPMENT AND SELF-IMPROVEMENT OF THE INDIVIDUAL IN TRAININGS <p>The article is devoted to the topic: Self-development and self-improvement of the individual in trainings, training as a tool for personal development. The article describes what self-development and self-improvement are, what is their difference, when the first trainings appeared and why they were needed, the features of the training are also considered, how to raise self-esteem or spirit in some cases. The article pays great attention to how to develop oneself, as well as the impact of trainings not only on the adult, but also on the child's body.</p> Калмуратова Хурлиха Реймбаев Ыгбал Зулфихарович Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-28 2023-09-28 11 9 278 284 DEVELOPMENT OF SCHOOL EDUCATION IN UZBEKISTAN ACCORDING TO THE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM <p>The article deals with issues aimed at improving education, based on modern management approaches, and there is also a system of strategic management and management models. In the management of the education system, methods of their implementation in the management of the public education system. And also the article examines the impact on increasing the motivation of students to study the exact sciences of use in teaching. It is possible to consider the component of educational experience as a genetic approach, elements of historicism, practical and humanitarian orientation, educational and aesthetic aspects of teaching mathematics, the idea of mathematics as the language of science.</p> Калмуратова Хурлиха Реймбаев Ыгбал Зулфихарович Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-28 2023-09-28 11 9 285 289 EXPANDING OPPORTUNITIES IN HIGHER EDUCATION REFORMS WITH TYUTOR <p>Tyutor's support for empowerment in higher education reform shows their commitment to improving access and quality of education at the post-secondary level. Tyutor acknowledges the need for reforms and acknowledges the importance of overcoming existing barriers and restrictions that hinder students ' higher education.</p> Abbasova Yulduz Shukurovna Ibragimova Rano Xamdamovna Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-28 2023-09-28 11 9 290 291 MANIFESTATION OF CANDIDIASIS IN ORAL CAVITY <p>Candidiasis, commonly known as a yeast infection, is a fungal infection caused by Candida species, with Candida albicans being the most prevalent pathogen. This opportunistic fungus can colonize various parts of the body, but one of its most common manifestations is in the oral cavity. Oral candidiasis, often referred to as thrush, can affect individuals of all ages and backgrounds, causing discomfort and, in some cases, more severe complications. In this comprehensive article, we will delve into the various aspects of candidiasis in the oral cavity, including its causes, risk factors, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention.</p> Sodiqova Shoira Amriddinovna Abdurazzoqov Kamoliddin Abrorov Yunusxon Isomova Maftuna Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-28 2023-09-28 11 9 292 295 LINGUISTIC STATUS OF APHORISMS <p>This article analysis the diversity of aphorisms’ topics, the period in which they appeared, historical events are reflected, and the structural and semantic features of English aphorisms are studied. The study of semantic features of aphorisms is based on dictionary analysis. An aphorism should be clear and understandable to any reader, so the use of common words in aphorisms is free and unlimited. Thematically, these words cover various areas of human life.</p> Kuvvatov Rakhmatulla Khikmatillayevich Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-29 2023-09-29 11 9 296 299 IMPROVING THE SURGICAL METHOD OF SCAR MICROSTOMY <p>Scar microstomy after a burn, narrowing of the oral slit leads to a limited opening of the mouth, eating and speech disorders. The long-term existence of killoid scars leads to deformation of the teeth and a negative change in the structure of the face of patients, which, in turn, leads to a violation of their psyche. The article highlights information on improving the results of surgical treatment of patients with the consequences of scar microstomy burn by improving existing operations and developing new methods. As a research material, information is presented on 24 patients of the department of reconstructive surgery of the Samarrand Regional Multidisciplinary Medical Center and the department of maxillofacial surgery of the Samarkand City Hospital who applied with scar microstomy and had surgical operations performed on them. The proposed method of plastic surgery using a "two-layer" varnish made it possible to simultaneously eliminate microstomy, restore the red line of the lips, as well as achieve good functional and aesthetic results.</p> Rakhmonova Bakhora Kakhorovna Marupova Madina Khikmatullayevna Toshtemirova Mokhira Makhmud kizi Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-29 2023-09-29 11 9 300 304 USING TECHNOLOGIES IN TEACHING SOCIAL SCIENCES <p>Today, every teacher is looking for the most effective ways to improve the educational process, increase the interest of students. If the activity carried out by the child in the classroom is not significant for him, if he is bored and indifferent, then he cannot show his abilities. Teaching children to learn is the most important task of any teacher. The student must become the creator of his activity. Teachers build the educational process so that the child, making efforts, overcoming small difficulties, achieves results, then his role in learning will be active, and the result will be more joyful.</p> Khaydarov Sulaymon Amirkulovich Saxobat Umirova Saxobjonovna Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-29 2023-09-29 11 9 305 309 STUDY OF QUINAZOLINE-4-ONE METHYLATION REACTION AND SPECTRAL ANALYSES <p>In the article, the methylation reaction of quinazolin-4-one, as well as the O4 and N3 methyl products formed as a result of the reaction, are fully proven by the methods of physical research. shown.</p> Chori Elmuradov Foziljon Saitkulov Burkhon Elmuradov Kuchkar Giyasov Copyright (c) 2023 2023-09-30 2023-09-30 11 9 310 314