Galaxy International Interdisciplinary Research Journal https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj <p><strong>Galaxy International Interdisciplinary Research Journal (GIIRJ) </strong>is a monthly peer reviewed international journal. The international interdisciplinary journal publishes the articles in various disciplines. We invite authors to submit the original research papers for the current issue of our journal. GIIRJ is started with the vision of providing the platform to the researchers in 2013 and providing the services with best quality paper publications in the areas not limited Sciences, Humanities, Economics, Finance, Engineering, History, Educational Advancements, Tourism and physical sciences. </p> <p><strong>A PEER REVIEWED REFEREED MONTHLY E-JOURNAL</strong></p> <p><strong>(ALL SUBJECT ONLINE MONTHLY JOURNAL)</strong></p> <ul> <li><strong>ISSN (E):</strong> 2347-6915</li> <li><strong>SJIF Impact Factor 2021 :</strong> 7.472</li> </ul> <p> :2020: 6.914<br /> :2019: 6.519<br /> :2018: 5.723<br /> :2017: 5.604</p> <ul> <li><strong>Submission Date :</strong> Open</li> <li><strong>Publication Date :</strong> Within 48 Hours </li> </ul> <p><strong>Send your Manuscripts to:</strong> editorgalaxyjournal@gmail.com</p> Galaxy Journal en-US Galaxy International Interdisciplinary Research Journal 2347-6915 TEACHERS' TECHNIQUES AND STEPS IN ASSESSING https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/231 <p>Traditionally, language has been defined as a tool for communication. But people can also communicate a message using body language, eye contact or some facial expression. Although this is true, still language is primarily regarded as the core of communication. Learning and understanding a language does not include only knowledge of grammar, lexis and phonology,<br>but also certain features and characteristics of the culture. Language cannot and does not exist apart from culture. If language is taught without simultaneously teaching the culture in which it functions, meaningless symbols are taught or just symbols to which the learner attaches the wrong meaning.</p> Sashka Jovanovska Copyright (c) 2021 Sashka Jovanovska https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-09-01 2021-09-01 9 9 1 8 NOTES TO THE LIFE AND WORK OF NIKOLAY LUKASHOV https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/232 <p>In the last quarter of the last century, in Kokand, along with Uzbek, Russian-language literature developed rapidly, in which the purest, highest ideals of a person were sincerely revealed. The main character of the poems created by the poets was a simple working people,the landscapes of Kokand and nearby villages, the character of ordinary people, the relationship between them, picturesque pictures of their lives. This is the main content of the work of the Russian-speaking writers of Kokand, such as Leonid Solovyov, Boris Parmuzin, Nikolai Lukashov, Mikhail Charny, Ilmer Nazarov and others. Kokand literature developed in line with the republican literary process, embodying the best creative tendencies. A special place among the Kokand lyricists was occupied by the poet Nikolai Lukashov.</p> Gulbahor Saidganieva Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-09-02 2021-09-02 9 9 9 12 NEW UZBEKISTAN - NEW NEIGHBORHOOD https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/233 <p>The article of large-scale work , Movements strategy in all spheres, in accordance with the reforms implemented in Central Asia and neighboring countries with peace , stability, goodneighborly,friendly relations to explain.</p> Ismailova Ogiloy Sabir Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-09-02 2021-09-02 9 9 13 16 ENGLISH LANGUAGE PROFICIENCIES ARE ENTERED IN UZBEK LANGUAGE https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/234 <p>In this article is given information about the historical division of modern Uzbek lexicon into two layers, own layer and mastered layer, classifying English learning on the basis of thematic groups and studying English words in socio-political, economic, cultural-educational and sports groups.</p> Nomozova Marguba Allonovna Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-09-07 2021-09-07 9 9 17 20 ARTISTIC PSYCHOLOGISM IN THE WORKS OF JACK LONDON AND ABDULLA KAHHAR https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/242 <p>This article is devoted to comparing the psychologism in the works of Uzbek and American writers in both Uzbek and English literature. In the works of both writers, the tragic fate of the heroes who could not adapt to their psychology is captured. The novels being compared depict two different national psychologies that are drastically different from each other. National psychology is more<br>focused on family issues.</p> Kodirova Gulshan Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-09-14 2021-09-14 9 9 21 23 FACTORS DETERMINING THE PLACE OF DISCOURSE IN ADVERTISING TEXT AND ITS INFLUENCE ON THE SOCIAL STRUCTURE https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/236 <p>The article examines one of the topical issues of linguistics, concerning the understanding of discourse from the point of view of the basic paradigm "text - discourse". The features of the language of advertising texts in the context of discursive parameters are revealed.</p> Begzodbek Abdullaev Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-09-14 2021-09-14 9 9 24 27 COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF SHORT VOWELS OF NOUNS’ IN CLASSICAL AND MODERN PERSIAN https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/237 <p>In the article, the short vowels in classical Persian are compared with the vowels in modern Persian. The reason is that classical Persian was divided into three independent languages in the XIX-XX centuries: modern Persian - in Iran, Tajik - in Tajikistan and Dari - in Afghanistan.Each of these languages has its own characteristics. It also has places that are different from classical Persian.</p> Hamitov Dilovar Lutfullozoda Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-09-14 2021-09-14 9 9 28 32 DETERMINATION OF THERMAL STABILITY AND SURFACE MORPHOLOGY OF THE OBTAINED IMMOBILIZED LIGAND https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/238 <p>The article studies the thermal stability and surface morphology of the immobilized ligand obtained on the basis of in situ covalent attachment of O, O-di- (2-aminoethyl) -dithiophosphate potassium on a urea-formaldehyde matrix. As a result of the conducted thermal studies, it was determined that the resulting ligand is stable up to 128 ° C, and also has a high sorption capacity for non-ferrous metals due to its microporous surface structure.</p> Kasimov Sherzod Abduzairovich Turaev Khayit Khudainazarovich Djalilov Abdulakhat Turapovich Umbarov Ibragim Amonovich Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-09-13 2021-09-13 9 9 33 36 TWO GENERATIONS (NUCLEUS) FAMILIES AND THEIR INTERGENERATIONAL RELATIONS https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/239 <p>The article deals with the characteristics of two generations (nucleus) families and their intergenerational relationships, immanent signs, duties distributed between parents and their unmarried children, social obligations, responsibilities, social psychological aspects inherent to both generations and their impact on family life.</p> Zahirov Ramiz Turdimurodovich Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-09-14 2021-09-14 9 9 37 43 IR SPECTROSCOPIC STUDY OF SULFUR- AND PHOSPHORIC-CONTAINING IMMOBILIZED LIGAND https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/240 <p>The article studies the IR spectrum of a covalent immobilized ligand based on in situ covalent attachment by O, O-di- (2-aminoethyl) -dithiophosphate potassium on a urea-formaldehyde matrix. As a result of the carried out IR spectroscopic studies, the structures of the ligand and its coordination compound with copper (II) were determined.</p> Kasimov Sherzod Abduzairovich Turaev Khayit Khudainazarovich Djalilov Abdulakhat Turapovich Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-09-14 2021-09-14 9 9 44 48 KING AND SINGING BOBURMIRZO - IMPORTANT IMAGE OF THE WORLD ORIENTALS https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/243 <p>This article discusses the role of Babur's creations in world literature and its study by foreign literary critics. In particular, his creations on cultural linguistics, comparative literary criticism, contrastive linguistics and translation studies serve as an important source in a wide<br>range of scientific fields.</p> Baymanov Habibullo Abdullaevich Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-09-15 2021-09-15 9 9 49 52 STUDY OF THE FORMATION OF SINGLEATOM UNSATURATED ALCOHOLS FROM ACETYLENE AND PHENYLACETYLENE https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/244 <p>Acetylene alcohol and phenylacetylene allow synthesis of essential substan-ces for the chemical industry - synthetic polymers,pharmacological preparations, agricultural pesticides,defoliants, plant stimulants. This article investigates the synthesis of tertiary alcohols based on acetylene and fenilacetylene, determined the conditions for their high yield, the structure of secondary and tertiary alcohols, confirmed by physical methods, and determined the refractive index, intensity, boiling temperature, fluid temperature and yield. Alcohol molecules are polarized due to the shift of electron cloud density towards the hydroxyl group in secondary and tertiary alcohols. The structure was confirmed by IK - and PMR - spectra.</p> Kultayev Kuzibay Kazakbayevich Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-09-15 2021-09-15 9 9 53 57 DETERMINATION OF ENERGY SAVING METHODS IN THE PROCESSING OF HYDROCARBON GASES https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/245 <p>This article discusses ways to achieve energy efficiency with internal and external energy savings in the processing and preparation of hydrocarbon gases, as well as energy efficiency devices that depend on the composition of the equipment and the operating mode of the power complex. as energy saving in industrial enterprises. Information on measures to optimize the operating mode of technological units, methods of using secondary fuel and energy resources.&nbsp;</p> Yuldashev Xusan Makhmudovich Islomov Alisher Nurillayevich Egamnazarovna Fazilat Dustkobilovna Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-09-18 2021-09-18 9 9 58 62 DIDACTIC CONDITIONS FOR THE FORMATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF ANTIOPPRESSION AND AGGRESSION IN STUDENT GIRLS https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/246 <p>In this article given information about the importance of the formation of the worldview of students against oppression and aggression and its content, the solution of family problems of female students to create a healthy psychological environment in the family, the causes of domestic violence and its causes , the consequences of violence, the prevention of domestic violence.</p> Uktamova Umida Sunatullaevna Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-09-18 2021-09-18 9 9 63 66 DIFFERENT TECHNOLOGIES FOR DEVELOPING THE METHODOLOGICAL COMPETENCE OF FUTURE PRIMARY SCHOOL TEACHERS THROUGH MODERN TEACHING AIDS https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/247 <p>In this article, didactic laws are recognized as important categories of teaching, effective organization of pedagogical educational processes on the basis of modern information technologies and that the prospective primary school teacher takes into account the capabilities and needs of the students in the educational process the pedagogical activity of the future primary school teacher on the basis of modern information technologies.</p> Khamrayeva Nazira Ravshanovna Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-09-18 2021-09-18 9 9 67 70 HISTORY OF ORIGIN OF THE UZBEK TERM https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/252 <p>In Uzbekistan, the remains of dozens of semi - basement settlements such as high Paleolithic monuments-puddles, ostrich, Siyobcha, Takalisoy, Khujamazgil, Achchisoy and Sari Ark were found and studied. Of these, stone scrapers, chisels, knife-shaped stone weapons, stone tools, a needle made of bone, a mustache, a fork and a pendant, a tuya, a bug and a pig bone are recorded.</p> Turayeva Matluba Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-09-18 2021-09-18 9 9 71 76 THE ROLE OF WORKS OF ORAL FOLK ART IN ENHANCING THE SPIRITUALITY OF YOUTH https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/249 <p>This article expresses the influence of folklore on the ordering of spiritual values, which reveals the identity of people, the disclosure of national character traits and the means of education.Although folklore does not have a deep scientific basis, it reflects humanity, knowledge, hard work, justice, respect for adults, honesty, hospitality and other moral qualities that are the basis of spiritual values. A nation that respects its own values and oral art will never be humiliated.</p> Tojixon Sabitova Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-09-20 2021-09-20 9 9 77 88 THEORETICAL STUDY OF A PAIR OF "GROOM-SAW" TO REDUCE THE WEAR OF THE GROOVES https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/250 <p>The paper presents the results of theoretical studies of the “grate-saw” pair of the saw gin in order to reduce the wear of the working part of the grate. The gripping ability of the saw teeth is analyzed and it is found that it depends on the angle between the direction of the relative speed and the circumference of the tops of the teeth.It is indicated that having the general coefficient of fiber clogging by abrasive particles and knowing the number of teeth on the saw, as well as the number of revolutions of the saw shaft,it is possible to determine the wear of the grate over time.</p> Atajanov Akbar Bazarboyevich Safoev Abduhalil Abdurahimovich Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-09-21 2021-09-21 9 9 89 95 THE IMPORTANCE OF SETTING GOALS AND OBJECTIVES IN THE LEARNING PROCESS AND HOW TO DEFINE LEARNING OBJECTIVES https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/251 <p>This article addresses many issues related to the quality of training, their purpose, objectives, content, proper choice of form, method, technology and tools, the mobilization of learners to master the training materials to achieve this.</p> Akhmedov Juraboy Rakhmonberdievich Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-09-21 2021-09-21 9 9 96 100 COMPARATIVE STUDY OF ECOLOGICAL GROUPS OF HIPPOHAE RHAMNOIDES PHYTONEMATOIDS GROWING IN THE ZARAFSHAN OASIS https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/253 <p>As a result of the study of nematodes of the dwarf retail plant growing in the tugai forests of Akdarya and Karadarya oases and Jambay reserve, 88 species of phytonematodes belonging to 6 genera, 28 families and genera were identified. A comparison of nematodes derived from the root and peripheral soil of this plant revealed that 65 species of nematodes were associated with the peripheral soil and 46 species with the rhizome.</p> K.S.Boltaev A.N. Mamedov Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-09-20 2021-09-20 9 9 101 104 "EGO" OF MONTAIGNE THROUGH PERSONALLY CONSTITUTED INTERNAL EXPERIENCE https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/254 <p>The article is devoted to a critical analysis of the philosophy of M. Montaigne and his "Experiments" in the aspect of a person's comprehension of himself. It is argued that the main essence of Montaigne's "Experiments" is, according to the author, in an attempt to set up experiments on himself and his own mind in order to comprehend a person himself.</p> Kurbanov Umidjon Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-09-21 2021-09-21 9 9 105 110 A STUDY OF PERSIAN SOURCES ON CLASSICAL RHYME https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/255 <p>The basis of classical poetry is related to the science of balogat. The science of balogat began to take shape as a separate science in the 3rd (Hijri) / 9th century AD. We know that a number of works on the science of balogat were written in the period of Johilia. In the Islamic era, the Qur'an was a collection of the words of balogat. The three components of balogat: ilmi bayon,ilmi ma’oni and ilmi bade’, later became important in the analysis of classical literature. Later,under the influence of ilmi balogat, three parts were formed that defined the theory of poetic analysis of classical texts: ilmi aruz, ilmi qofia, ilmi bade’. These sciences, as an integral part<br>of classical poetry, have been the focus of Arabic and Persian scholars, and a number of pamphlets have been written on the theoretical foundations of classical poetry. These three parts are inextricably linked, and their practical aspects are as ancient as poetry.</p> Khamrayeva Orzigul Jalolovna Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-09-21 2021-09-21 9 9 111 115 THE METHODOLOGY OF TEACHING ECONOMIC TERMS IN ENGLISH https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/257 <p>This article examines the issue of the practical use of the English language in modern society.The question is raised about the need for a new approach to teaching foreign languages, due to the development of the world economic system, as well as the development of the education system as a whole. The peculiarities of teaching English to law students are also considered.</p> Alimardonova Maftuna Bekmurodovna Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-09-21 2021-09-21 9 9 116 119 ADAPTIVE CHANGES OF THE BLOOD SYSTEM AND FEATURES OF PHYSIOLOGICAL ADAPTATION IN ATHLETES IN CONDITIONS OF DIFFERENT MOUNTAIN HEIGHTS DURING SPORTS TRAINING https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/258 <p>Goal. To study the adaptive changes in the blood systems of athletes and the human motor apparatus associated with the activity of muscles, and with the functions of many other physiological systems of the body. This activity is characterized by a very high degree of<br>diversity, which causes extremely large differences in the adaptation of various muscle groups and autonomic systems. Methods and materials of the study. In this work, blood and vestibular apparatus studies were studied and conducted in students of athletes of the 2nd and 3rd courses of the physical education faculty. The results of the study: The occurrence of a general adaptation syndrome in response to physical exertion used in training leads to the excitation of important autonomic centers and, as a result, to the excitation of the sympathetic - adrenal and pituitary-adrenal-cortical systems.</p> Vakhidova A.M Khudoyarova G. N Muratova Z. T Mamatova O. B Muhammadİyev M. A Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-09-22 2021-09-22 9 9 120 125 THE ROLE OF EDUCATING STUDENTS IN THE SPIRIT OF MILITARY PATRIOTISM IN EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/259 <p>This article gives information about the role of educating students in the spirit of military patriotism in educational institutions.</p> Turgunboev Tokhirjon Abdugafurovich Yusupov Arabboy Bakhodirjon ugli Mekhmonaliyev Shokhmukhammad Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-09-22 2021-09-22 9 9 126 130 THE USE OF THE VERB REPRESENTING PRAISE IN THE HOLY QUR'AN https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/260 <p>The Qur'an describes several ways to praise and rebuke. Praise is an Arabic word and is used in the sense of praising, complimenting, and elevating. One of the forms of praise in the Qur'an comes with the verb “ نِعْ مَ ” (ne’ ma). This verb is used in the sense of “how nice, how worthy, how good”.</p> Akhrorov Ivadulla Ziyatovich UzKHIA Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-09-22 2021-09-22 9 9 131 139 OIL AND GAS INDUSTRY IN UZBEKISTAN https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/261 <p>In this article is given information about the oil industry, gas industry, our country has become a major exporter of gas, polyethylene and refined petroleum products, oil and gas business is one of the most lucrative and labor-intensive industries of our time, it is processed to extract the necessary substances in the oil, the first step in the extraction of oil is the separation of colorless substances - gasoline and gasoline fractions, and the product of each fraction.</p> Kochkarov Ulug‘bek Kabuljanovich Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-09-22 2021-09-22 9 9 140 142 THE FLORA SYATEM OF UZBEKISTAN AND ITS BRIEF ANALYSIS https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/262 <p>This article gives information about the role of flora of Uzbekistan in the national economy, the diversity of flora of Uzbekistan in Central Asia, representatives of the family Asteraceae are the leading species in the flora of Uzbekistan in terms of species diversity and distribution representatives of the family Centaurea also talk about the peculiarities of the family and the large families in the flora of Uzbekistan.</p> Shukurova Madinaxon Abdulkhoshimovna Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-09-22 2021-09-22 9 9 143 145 MASS MEDIA OF TELEVISION SYSTEMS BECOME A MEANS https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/263 <p>In the recent past, radio has played an important role in our lives. When radio was invented, it was able to attract a larger audience than print media. Unexpectedly, the "Radio Revolution"led to a small decline in the print media. But more recently, television networks have begun to denigrate radio networks. In this article, the ability of television networks to display radio features (sound) and the use of image as a primary weapon put an end to the "radio revolution",and television systems began to fight for their place in the media world. In the article you will get a brief overview of this struggle</p> Zaynitdinova Munira Fazliddinovna Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-09-22 2021-09-22 9 9 146 150 COMPARISON OF STRESS AND ANXIETY LEVELS OF THE KOSOVAR POPULATION WITH DEMOGRAPHIC VARIABLES DURING THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/264 <p>The pandemic of COVID-19 has had a major impact on public mental health. As a result, in times of crisis, such as a pandemic, monitoring and oversight of the population's mental health is a top priority.</p> Delvina Beka Valbona Uka Zana Qehaja Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-09-23 2021-09-23 9 9 151 159