Galaxy International Interdisciplinary Research Journal <p><strong>Galaxy International Interdisciplinary Research Journal (GIIRJ) </strong>is a monthly peer reviewed international journal. The international interdisciplinary journal publishes the articles in various disciplines. We invite authors to submit the original research papers for the current issue of our journal. GIIRJ is started with the vision of providing the platform to the researchers in 2013 and providing the services with best quality paper publications in the areas not limited Sciences, Humanities, Economics, Finance, Engineering, History, Educational Advancements, Tourism and physical sciences. </p> <p><strong>A PEER REVIEWED REFEREED MONTHLY E-JOURNAL</strong></p> <p><strong>(ALL SUBJECT ONLINE MONTHLY JOURNAL)</strong></p> <ul> <li><strong>ISSN (E):</strong> 2347-6915</li> </ul> <ul> <li> <p><strong>SJIF Impact Factor 2022</strong>: 7.718</p> <p> : 2021: 7.472</p> <p> : 2020: 6.914<br /> : 2019: 6.519<br /> : 2018: 5.723<br /> : 2017: 5.604</p> </li> </ul> <ul> <li><strong>Submission Date :</strong> Open</li> <li><strong>Publication Date :</strong> Within 48 Hours </li> </ul> <p><strong>Send your Manuscripts to:</strong></p> Galaxy Journal en-US Galaxy International Interdisciplinary Research Journal 2347-6915 APPROACHES FOR IMPROVING COMMUNICATION SKILLS OF RURAL ENGINEERING STUDENTS <p>India is one of the developing countries having a lot of rural students but they are not properly utilized. Many of the students from urban areas having enough qualifications are getting good job opportunities. But the category which is the rural students is just having the dream of getting an employment. Employers prefer to hire and promote those persons who are resourceful, ethical and self-directed with good communication skills. Hard skills and experience are not at all enough for the competitive and escalation in the global world. The rural students also should get employment otherwise it will become very serious and critical. Rural students who are studying Engineering Education should be given opportunities to learn and practice interpersonal communication skills during their educational curriculum. In this paper the role of communication skill for the rural student in order to get better employment has been discussed. The communication skill Faculty has the responsibility of setting the stage for the Engineering students to get good communication skills when they are studying in the college itself. Once theory lectures are completed, faculty can develop strategies for improving communication skills. Students should participate in counseling, interviewing, and educational sessions. Also, students should participate in collaborative work with others. To ensure the development of communication skills in Engineering students, all the faculty who are teaching technical papers also incorporate the communication skill process into their teaching activities. By following these strategies, an institute can effectively and positively impact the communication skills of their rural students thereby they can get good job opportunities in the global world.</p> Dr. Ananda Rao Bonthu Venkata Ramana Manipatruni Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-05 2022-05-05 10 5 1 5 CORRECT ORGANIZATION OF DRIVING IN KARAKUL SUBJECTS <p>This article provides information on the proper organization of the herd rotation in the replenishment of the herd on karakul farms.</p> Jiyanmuradova Shakhlo Khamdamovna Zafar Klichev Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-05 2022-05-05 10 5 6 8 EFFECT OF FOREL LIVER EXTRACT ON BIOCHEMICAL INDICATORS OF KARAKOL LAMB BLOOD <p>In order to study the effect of trout liver liver tissue preparation on the biochemical parameters of karakul lamb's blood, the results of the study were presented to the lambs prepared for the experiment in accordance with the established requirements.</p> Khatamov Tolmas Tulkinovich Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-05 2022-05-05 10 5 9 12 TRAINING AND METHODOLOGY IN VOLLEYBALL: METHODS OF TRAINING SPECIAL PHYSICAL QUALITIES IN VOLLEYBALL GAME <p>The article discusses the methods of training special physical qualities of athletes in volleyball, physical training consists of general and special physical training processes, which require the organization in accordance with the characteristics of the respective sport.</p> Ismailova Abadan Tabynbaev Askar Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-05 2022-05-05 10 5 13 20 NON-STANDARD TESTS IN MOTHER TONGUE EDUCATION AND IMPROVEMENT OF METHODOLOGY OF THEIR USE <p>This article discusses the effectiveness of tests, assignments, and educational games in developing speaking skills in the native language methodology.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> Murodova Ruxsora Ismatilla qizi Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-05 2022-05-05 10 5 21 36 LEARNING FOREIGN LANGUAGES THROUGH THE TELETANDEM PROJECT <p>In learning a foreign language, it is important to have the learners ’interest in learning the language and the learners’ desire to learn the language, as well as to motivate, inspire and motivate the learners to learn the language. In this article, we want to share a Teletandem language learning project between a group of Japanese students and students of our institute. Teletandem is an effective and efficient way to learn a foreign language, which allows participants to gain self-confidence, time management, deepen the study of the language culture through language learning and free thinking. Teletandem is one of the most effective motivational methods that serves to develop expressiveness.</p> Erkaboyeva S. Y. Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-07 2022-05-07 10 5 37 38 LACTATIONAL AMENORRHEA AS A METHOD OF POSTPARTUM CONTRACEPTION <p>The questions of the duration of lactational amenorrhea in 40 lactating women after physiological childbirth are considered.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> Rakhmonqulova Nargiza Gofurovna Mukhitdinov Shokhrukh Shavkatovich Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-07 2022-05-07 10 5 39 42 HISTORY OF INTERNET JOURNALISM IN KARAKALPAKSTAN <p>This article says that with the advent of the Internet in Karakalpakstan, the Internet has become closer in the media, as well as the emergence of Internet journalism in Karakalpakstan.Digital journalism, also known as online journalism, is a contemporary form of journalism where editorial content is distributed via the Internet, as opposed to publishing via print or broadcast. What constitutes digital journalism is debated by scholars; however, the primary product of journalism, which is news and features on current affairs, is presented solely or in combination as text, audio, video, or some interactive forms like newsgames, and disseminated through digital media technology.The first type of digital journalism, called teletext, was invented in the UK in 1970. Teletext is a system allowing viewers to choose which stories they wish to read and see it immediately. The information provided through teletext is brief and instant, similar to the information seen in digital journalism today.[citation needed] The information was broadcast between the frames of a television signal in what was called the Vertical Blanking Interval or VB.American journalist, Hunter S. Thompson relied on early digital communication technology beginning by using a fax machine to report from the 1971 US presidential campaign trail as documented in his book Fear and Loathing on the Campaign Trail.</p> Bazarbaeva Anar G'ayratdin qizi Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-07 2022-05-07 10 5 43 45 THE CONCEPT OF FOOD SAFETY AND ITS SCIENTIFIC CONCEPT <p>The article analyzes methodological approaches that are conditioned by the importance of food security. The stages of the concept of food security were defined. The theory of food security has been improved in terms of organizational, legal and economic criteria.</p> Bobir Tursunov Sherali Namozov Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-07 2022-05-07 10 5 46 50 NEURITIS OF THE LOWER ALVEOLAR NERVE AND ITS TREATMENT <p>This paper provides data on the results of a study of the effectiveness of the treatment of neuritis of the lower alveolar nerve, after a fracture of the lower jaw, patients admitted on the first day after injury. 100 patients were examined in the Department of Maxillofacial Surgery and the Rehabilitation Room of Patients on Outpatient Treatment at the Central Bank of the SSMO in Samarkand for the period 2020-2022. According to the survey, in the complex treatment of neuritis with the help of "Nucleo CMF forte", the effectiveness is higher than with conventional treatment.</p> Ass. Abdullaev Afzal Sarkhadovich Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-07 2022-05-07 10 5 51 55 THERMAL METHODS FOR OIL AND GAS RECOVERY <p>Oil production from any well goes through three stages. The primary organize happens when the well weight lowers, and the secondary organize occurs when the well weight increases. This current approach involves putting sea or brackish water into the well to raise the well weight and force the oil up, hence improving oil recovery. 20–30% of the well reserve is taken after the primary and auxiliary stages of oil production. Despite the fact that the well is deemed exhausted, more than 70% of the oil has been extracted. At this time, the third organization, also known as enhanced oil recovery (EOR) or tertiary recovery, starts. Improved oil recovery might be the answer. EOR entails using heated and/or nonthermal methods to alter the qualities of unrefined oil in supplies, such as thickness and consistency, to ensure faster oil uprooting and, as a result, improved recovery. Warm EOR, which is the focus of this research, is often regarded as the most effective of all EOR techniques. We present a brief diagram of EOR classification in terms of warm and nonthermal strategies in this paper. In addition, a thorough examination of several warm EOR techniques is presented and discussed.</p> Rasul Valiyev Zakir Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-08 2022-05-08 10 5 56 62 PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE PYTHON METHODOLOGY FOR CREATING AND USING DIDACTIC MATERIALS FOR STUDENTS <p>This article discusses the methods of creating and using didactic materials for students using the Python programming language, the use of didactic materials in the learning process, the types of didactic tools.</p> Ashurova Menura Mukhiddinovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-09 2022-05-09 10 5 63 67 THE IMPORTANCE OF NON-STANDARD LABORATORY EXPERIMENTS IN CHEMISTRY CLASSES <p>The article discusses the principles of setting up non-standard laboratories with students in schools and other modern methods of learning.</p> Ataullayev Z.M. Eshchanov R.A. Abdurazzoqova N.A. Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-08 2022-05-08 10 5 68 70 METHODOLOGY FOR ORGANIZING STUDENTS' INDEPENDENT WORK USING THE MOODLE SYSTEM <p>This article describes the methodology of using students' independent work using the Moodle system and their evaluation through the system, the effectiveness of individual and group work with students. There was talk of evaluating students' assignments and using additional guidelines for them.</p> Buranova Malohat Mirzaakhmadovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-08 2022-05-08 10 5 71 75 CHILDREN'S LITERATURE AS AN INTEGRAL PART OF THE EDUCATION OF THE YOUNGER GENERATION <p>This article describes in detail the problem that arises when teaching oral and written speech to primary school children<strong>.</strong></p> Doniyorova Laylo Khudaiberdievna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-08 2022-05-08 10 5 26 82 FORMS OF ORAL AND SPEECH ACTIVITY IN RUSSIAN LESSONS <p>The article considers the forms of oral-speech activity in the Russian language classes, an analysis of the improvement and assimilation of materials is made.</p> Muratov Kamilzhan Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-08 2022-05-08 10 5 83 86 INVESTIGATION OF PALLADIUM CATALYST ON ALUMINUM OXIDE IN THE PROCESS OF ACETYLENE HYDROGENATION IN ETHANE-ETHYLENE FRACTION <p>The order of acetylene hydrogenation on a palladium catalyst for acetylene is one, while the order for hydrogen is zero; the order of ethylene hydrogenation for hydrogen is one, while the order for ethylene is zero. At temperatures of 50-70 ° C, the reaction proceeds in the kinetic region. The service life of the catalyst, its selectivity, the course of side processes, and its mechanical strength all influence the features of the corundum carrier<strong>.</strong></p> Ozoda Abdullayeva Salikhova Saodat Shavkatovna Turabdzhanov Berdiev Husan Uralovich Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-09 2022-05-09 10 5 87 91 OPERA GENRE, ITS HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT AND ITS PLACE IN KARAKALPAK COMPOSING COMPOSITION TODAY <p>The approach and inclination of each author to a particular genre and creative style in his work is directly related to such criteria as the artist's self-awareness, national thinking, culture, acquired knowledge and the formation of artistic taste. Najimmaddin Mukhammeddinov, a Karakalpak statesman, composer and teacher, is one of the famous artists who contributed to the development of Karakalpak musical culture, including the art of composition and composition.</p> Altynay Bekpolatova Qamar Seitjanova Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-09 2022-05-09 10 5 92 96 WAYS TO ENSURE ECONOMIC SECURITY OF INDUSTRIAL ENTERPRISES IN THE TERRITORIES <p>This article describes the ways to ensure the economic security of industrial enterprises in the regions. It is based on the importance of ensuring the economic security of industrial enterprises at the current stage of development. The issue of ensuring the economic security of enterprises is also covered by the scientific and theoretical views of foreign and domestic scientists. In addition, conclusions and recommendations on economic security of enterprises in our country are given.</p> Muminov Mirjalol Uktam ugli Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-09 2022-05-09 10 5 97 102 DEVELOPING BUSINESS MODELS USING THE BUSINESS MODEL CANVAS (BMC) BASED ON DEPENDENCIES AND INTERCONNECTIONS <p>The paper proposes an alternate developmental sequence of business model elements, using the Business Model Canvas (BMC) and the Business Model Ontology (BMO), based on two types of relationships between business model elements - dependencies and interconnections.</p> Dr. Wangchuk Chungyalpa Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-10 2022-05-10 10 5 103 112 A PERSPECTIVES STUDY ON WOMEN EMPOWERMENT THROUGH SHGS <p>The Indian state of Andhra Pradesh, one of Indiaís poorest, has used development self-help groups (SHGs) extensively as a primary tool of poverty alleviation and empowerment. A SHG is a small group of persons who come together with the intention of finding a solution to a common problem such as medical issues, livelihood generation or watershed management, with a degree of self-sufficiency. However, in Andhra Pradesh, the groups largely are the conduit through which micro credit is routed to the poor in the belief that it will serve as a catalyst in helping them to pull out of poverty. Community Based Organizations on livelihood enhancement and in building social capital.&nbsp; And also&nbsp;&nbsp; create among the women to have a feeling of ‘We for Ourselves’, to improve the status of women in the society and in family, distribute the responsibilities of decision-making power to all. Skill Development: create self-confidence, to inculcate the leadership qualities and interacting ability among the women this paper is purely based on secondary data and useful researchers and students.</p> Dr. Kunuku Geetanjli Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-10 2022-05-10 10 5 113 117 IMPACT OF PROGRESSIVE SPEED TRAINING ON URBAN AND RURAL ADOLESCENT SCHOOL BOYS <p>The purpose of the study aims to identify the impact of progressive speed training basis on the duration of training of the urban and rural adolescent school boys. To achieve the purpose of the study forty (80) school boys were randomly selected as subjects from various places of urban and rural school boys from Salem District, Tamilnadu. Their age ranged between 14 to 17 years. They were divided into four equal groups such as experimental group I, experimental group II, control group I and control group II. These four groups were further divided into two experimental groups and two control groups and in each of the groups, there were 20 students. Initially, 4 weeks of uniform conditioning training was given to all groups before the pretest T1 was conducted. Further, consecutively 3 more post-tests (T2, T3, &amp; T4) were conducted after every 4 weeks providing progressive speed training. In the descriptive part Mean trimming was revealed. For the comparison of performed Tests timing, MANOVA, ANOVA, and LSD post hock test were employed. The result of the study reveals that urban and rural adolescent school boys responded positively with the designed progressive speed training. This progression of sprint test timing took place progressively over time on the urban and rural boys distinctly within the groups. Progression of urban boys took place from Test 1 to Test 2 numerically but not statistically, which is the dissimilarity in the process of progression of speed ability with the urban boys. It is concluded that alike progressive speed training is equally effective for the urban and rural adolescent schoolboys but the progression of rural boys begins a bit slower in the early stages than the urban in the sprint ability.</p> Dr. A.Mahaboobjan Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-10 2022-05-10 10 5 118 122 QUALITY OF EDUCATION IS A GUARANTEE OF OUR FUTURE ACHIEVEMENTS <p>This article discusses the large-scale positive work being done in the field of education, the main tasks of improving the quality and effectiveness of education.</p> Abdalova Sayyora Rustamovna Quchkarov Sarvar Sattarovich Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-10 2022-05-10 10 5 123 128 RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN TEACHERS SELF EFFICACY AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN COMPUTER STUDIES IN BORNO STATE, NIGERIA <p>This study investigated the Relationship Between Teachers’ Self-Efficacy and Academic Performance of Senior Secondary School Students in Computer Studies in Borno State, Nigeria. The research design adopted for the study is correlational research design. The population of the study comprised of 28,891 senior secondary school II students and all 156 computer studies teachers from 83 public schools in the study area. Multistage cluster sampling was used to select sample for the study. Sample size of three hundred and ninety-six (396) SS II students were selected from population using Yamane method of (1967) and 40 SS II computer studies teachers were purposively sampled from the sample schools. Two research instruments were used for data collection in the study namely, Teacher Self-Efficacy (that has three components) and Computer Studies Achievement Test. The reliability index for the two research instruments were 0.93 and 0.738 respectively. Data collected were analyzed using Pearson’s Product Moment Correlation. one research question and one research hypothesis were investigated using Pearson’s Product Moment Correlation. Research hypothesis were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The results of study revealed that there exists positive significant relationship between Computer Studies teachers’ self-efficacy and students’ academic performance in Borno State Nigeria. Hence, it was recommended that teachers should be more committed and optimistic to the profession in order to improve their self-efficacy so that they can prepare their students with what is expected of them.</p> Garba Charles Dibal Danjuma, I. M. Musa O. D. Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-10 2022-05-10 10 5 129 134 «EFFICIENCY OF MULTI-CUT SHAFT MACHINING ON A LATHE» <p>The article describes the methods of processing stepped shafts on lathes, the choice of method and cutting tool, the method of processing stepped shafts using thrust cutters is described in detail.</p> Tadaeva Elena Vladimirovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-10 2022-05-10 10 5 135 137 ABDULLA AVLONIY IN THE NIGHT OF TODAY <p>The study of the works of Abdullah Avloni, one of the great figures of Uzbek literature, is the task of every young generation. Indeed, the study and research of the leading pedagogical views and ideas in his works allows not only the intensive teaching process, but also to improve the quality of education. In this article, we will try to get acquainted with the main ideas in the works of Abdullah Avloni.</p> Ruzimboyeva Mohira Shuhrat qizi Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-11 2022-05-11 10 5 138 140 TOPIC: SELECTION OF EFFECTIVE VARIETIES OF POMEGRANATE IN THE SOUTH OF UZBEKISTAN IS A GUARANTEE OF PRODUCTIVITY <p>This article describes the botanical description of the pomegranate plant, its biological properties, economic importance, cultivation techniques. The article also provides information on the work being done in the southern regions of Uzbekistan to select and introduce effective varieties for cultivation.</p> Mirzaev Abdujabbor Ergashevich Mastura Sayfiddinova Karshieva Saodat Khurramovna Melieva Farogat Shavkat kizi Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-11 2022-05-11 10 5 141 145 OCCASIONAL DERIVATIVES IN CREATIVE EPICS <p>The Hero of Uzbekistan, the honored poet of the Uzbek people - Erkin Vahidov is a creator who has won the hearts of the people with his deep thoughts, philosophical observations and eloquence. The poet's jeweled approach to the word shows that he has a unique skill. In his work, each word is sealed in its place in the form of an eye on a ring.This article discusses the unique examples of new units of expression - occasional products, created by the poet in a creative approach to language units, which contributed to the enrichment of the treasury of the Uzbek language, using the example of his epics. In this way, comments are made on the fact that the possibilities of our language know no boundaries.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Adizova Nilufar Istamovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-11 2022-05-11 10 5 146 152 ANALYSIS OF THE ACTIVITIES OF AGROCLUSTERS IN THE DIGITAL ECONOMY <p>This article discusses the specifics of agro-industrial clusters in the context of the development of the digital economy, the composition of agro-clusters, the composition of products created in agro-clusters, the current ways to determine the prospects for the development of digital technologies.</p> Ahmedova Feruza Khakimovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-11 2022-05-11 10 5 153 157 SEMANTIC TYPES OF DERIVATIVE BASES OF DERIVATIVE NOUNS WITH LATIN SUFFIXES FOR THE DESIGNATION OF PERSONS IN THE GERMAN AND UZBEK LANGUAGES <p>The relevance of the article is determined by its focus on the study of word formation processes based on the functional load of word stems. Insufficient study of the word-formation ability of educational foundations stimulates the need to study their semantic properties, which allows the formation of new units. The aim of the study is to determine the semantic types of the basis of the studied derivative nouns in the German and Uzbek languages, to establish their common and distinctive features. The material of the article is derived nouns with Latin suffixes in German and Uzbek, containing in their semantic structure the lexical-categorical meaning of a person.</p> Babaev Mahmud Tashpulatovich Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-11 2022-05-11 10 5 158 161 CLASSIFICATION OF VERBS <p>The structural types of verbs in English and Uzbek, the construction of verbs, the development of methods for comparative analysis of their Uzbek alternatives.</p> Turdiboyeva Dildora Bekmirza qizi Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-11 2022-05-11 10 5 162 163 DIALECTICS OF GLOBAL PROCESSES. GLOBALIZATION, GLOBAL PROBLEMS AND GLOBALISM <p>Ushbu maqolada globallashuv va uning turli tomonlari, dunyoning so‘nggi yuz yillik ichida yuz bergan integratsiyalashuvining qay darajada ekanligi, yangi davrning tahdidlariga munosib javob berish uchun zarur bo‘lgan amaliy siyosiy ishlarning istiqbollari yoritib berilgan.</p> Boymurodova Marjona Bahodir qizi Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-11 2022-05-11 10 5 164 167 LINGUISTICS OF TEXTBOOKS ANALYSIS <p>A collection of textbooks and research in this area began in the 1960s, it is clear that so far they have made great strides. The creation of German dictionaries began in the 1980s and played an important role in the teaching of the German language.</p> Babayeva Vasila Tashpulatovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-11 2022-05-11 10 5 168 171 OLIY TA’LIM MUASSASALARIDA O’QUV JARAYONLARINI SIFATINI OSHIRISH MASALALARI <p>This article discusses the current reforms in the higher education system, as well as the problems of improving the quality of education, ways to overcome them and the effective use of foreign experience in this area, as well as ideas and feedback to determine its prospects, including improvement of educational processes, design of training sessions, organization of research work in accordance with the requirements of the time, as well as the development of professional qualities of students and logical thinking operations.</p> Isroilov Islomiddin Kamoliddin o’g’li Isroilov Yusufjon Kamoliddin o’g’li Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-11 2022-05-11 10 5 172 177 THE TEACHING METHODS OF ENGLISH SKILLS <p>Language learning is a modern requirement. Many people see language learning as a way to achieve a mature goal. Because a person who knows a language organizes not only the language of that nation, but also its way of life and customs. Organizing it broadens the student's worldview. The more languages ​​we know, the higher our standing among the masses. This article provides information about the ways of IELTS teaching and it`s results. By the help of this article, we want to proof that from A1 beginner students can get over 6 band score during a year. All information in this article is practiced in 2021 and faced to great result.</p> Kasimova Guljakhon Mahmudovna Ismonova Tursunoy Zokirjonovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-11 2022-05-11 10 5 178 182 SCHOOL READINESS TO DEVELOP MORAL ATTITUDES THROUGH POSITIVE IMAGES IN GROUP CHILDREN <p>In this article we can learn about how to bring out the development of moral relations through positive images in children of the preparatory group to school.</p> Shodmonova Manzura Zokirovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-11 2022-05-11 10 5 183 186 OPPORTUNITIES FOR THE FORMATION OF STUDENTS' CREATIVE THINKING IN TECHNOLOGY CLASSES <p>This article provides an overview of the importance of analyzing creativity and creative thinking in young people in the process of teaching technology classes.</p> Khusaуinova Guzal Abdurasulovna Erkinova Sitora Utkirjon qizi Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-11 2022-05-11 10 5 187 191 COVERAGE OF HADITHS ON THE INTERPRETATION OF SOME SURAHS IN THE COLLECTION AL JOME ' AS-SAHIH (On the example of some verses of the Surah” Nisa") <p>In movarounnahr, the scientific heritage of local commentators also proves that the science of interpretation was invented. One of these is Abu Abdulla Muhammad ibn Ismail al-Bukhari (194/810-256/870), who was awarded the title of "Sultan of the Muhaddis". He gained fame not only in the field of Hadith, but also in the field of interpretation.</p> Maxamedova Saida Davron qizi Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-11 2022-05-11 10 5 192 193 DEVELOPMENT OF UZBEK POP ART DURING THE YEARS OF INDEPENDENCE <p>The article discusses the unique role of music and pop music in the years of independence of Uzbekistan, its aspects and development. It also discusses its recent past and present.</p> Abdukhalilov Jamshid Khurramovich Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-11 2022-05-11 10 5 194 195 PERSONALIZATION AND FORECASTING BASED ON BIG DATA IN E-COMMERCE <p>The term “ecommerce personalization” relates to the set of practices in which an online store displays dynamic content based on customer data, such as demographics, intent, preferences, browsing history, previous purchases, and device usage - for instance, whether the customer is shopping on a mobile, tablet, or even a smartwatch. Catering to a customer’s needs is not just a present-state issue. E-commerce depends on stocking the correct inventory for the future. Big data can help companies prepare for emerging trends, slow or potentially booming parts of the year, or plan marketing campaigns around large events. E-commerce companies compile huge datasets. By evaluating data from previous years, e-retailers can plan inventory accordingly, stock up to anticipate peak periods, streamline overall business operations, and forecast demand. For instance, e-commerce sites can advertise large markdowns on social media during peak shopping times to get rid of excess product. To optimize pricing decisions, e-commerce sites can also give extremely limited-time discounts. Understanding when to offer discounts, how long discounts should last, and what discounted price to offer is much more accurate and precise with big data anlytics and machine learning.</p> Rakhmonova Maftuna Nabijan qizi Sultanov Kamoliddin Muxiddin o’g’li Saida Safibullaevna Beknazarova Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-11 2022-05-11 10 5 196 198 TWO GENIUS – TWO PRECIOUS <p>Zahiriddin Muhammad Babur was an important figure in Middle Eastern culture, literature, and poetry. He was a writer, poet, scholar, statesman, and commander. Zahiriddin Muhammad Babur was born in Andijan on February 14, 1483, into the family of Umar Sheikh Mirzo, the Fergana nation's king. The struggle for control in Central Asia and Khorasan between several governors, brothers, nieces and nephews, and the enormous power created by their great-grandfather Amir Temur ultimately increased during this period. Nizamiddin Mir Alisher Navoi, a major figure in 15th-century world spirituality, was born on the 17th day of Ramadan (February 9, 1441) in Herat, Afghanistan. Herat was the second capital of Amir Temur's immense kingdom in the first half of the 15th century, and one of the most prosperous towns under Shahrukh Mirza, Temur's youngest son. Alisher's family was related to the Timurid emperor and held some power in the kingdom. Giyosiddin Muhammad, the future poet's father, gave considerable care to his son's upbringing. In this article we can discuss these two precious and genius people and then we try to give our own opinions as well.</p> Saydazimov Asroriddin Tokhirjon ugli Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-11 2022-05-11 10 5 199 201 BRONCHIAL ASTHMA IN CHILDREN AND COVID-19: FEATURES OF THE COURSE OF COMORBIDITY <p>Bronchial asthma (BA) is one of the most common chronic lung diseases in children. At the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, BA, like other lung diseases, was considered a risk factor for the severe course of COVID-19.</p> Gulnoza Tashmatova Aloyevna Barno Khalmatova Turdikhadjayevna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-11 2022-05-11 10 5 202 205 WAYS TO INCREASE THE PRODUCTION EFFICIENCY IN POTATO GROWING <p>In this article, the ways to increase the efficiency of production in potato growing, its effect, further improvement in the use of scientific and technical achievements in the agrarian sphere are also factors that lead to the effective use of labor resources. And the main attention to this is paid to the creation of new and fertile crop varieties, their introduction into production, the biological characteristics of potatoes and the expansion of the crop area in the case of the fact that the axol takes into account the demand for it.</p> Karshiev Shoymardon Elamonovich Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-11 2022-05-11 10 5 206 209 THEORTICAL FOUNDATIONS OF TEACHING KARAKALPAK LITERATURE <p>Methods of artistic representation are modified by the writer, they are combined and synthesized with each other when necessary, and have a scientific-theoretical and practical significance. The writer makes good use of dialogues, short and inverted forms of internal monologues, internal monologues of heroes and author's and personalized internal forms of monologues, types of merging of characters and author's monologues, synthesis of movements and characters. All this was fully disclosed during the analysis.</p> Yusupov Konisbay Abilovich Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-11 2022-05-11 10 5 210 216 THE SIGNIFICANCE OF RADIOLOGICAL EXAMINATION IN THE DIAGNOSIS OF PATIENTS WITH REACTIVE ARTHRITIS (RETROSPECTIVE ANALYSIS) <p>The study included a retrospective analysis of knee joint X-rays of 278 patients with reactive arthritis (ReA). The overall mean age of the patients examined by X-ray rates was 37,1±10,3 years, with an average duration of disease of 3,5±1,6 years. Arthritis syndrome has been shown to have a number of specific manifestations according to its trigger factors, i.e. its clinical forms.</p> Khalmetova F. I. Akhmedov Kh. S. Buranova S.N. Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-11 2022-05-11 10 5 217 220 A METHOD FOR DETERMINING THE VIBRATION-ABSOAKING PROPERTIES OF POLYMERIC MATERIALS AND COATINGS BASED ON THEM <p>A review of publications was made, the method of forced vibrations in the resonance zone was chosen to determine the vibration-absorbing properties - the logarithmic decrement of vibrations δ and the dynamic modulus of elasticity E1 of polymeric materials and coatings</p> Umarov Sodikjon Akhmadali ugli Khaminov Burkhon Turgunovich Khakimova Odinahon Marufjon kizi Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-11 2022-05-11 10 5 221 224 THE VALUABLE TREASURE OF SHAHRISABZ <p>This article is about the White Palace, one of the historical monuments of ancient and modern Kashkadarya oasis. The construction of the White Palace is described in detail about the architectural decorations and their role in the artistic culture of the new Uzbekistan.</p> Ubaydullaeva Intizor Khalikulovan Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-11 2022-05-11 10 5 225 227 ANALYSIS OF CURRENT ANTHRACNOSE DISEASE AND AGROTECHNOLOGIES TO COMBAT THEM <p>This article analyzes the anthracnose disease of currents (Vitis vinifera), their biology, species composition, bioecology and morphology.</p> Boynazarov Odil Sharofovich Khodjamkulova Sitora Suloymanovna Nizamiddinov Kamolliddin XXX Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-11 2022-05-11 10 5 228 229 ABDULLA AVLONI'S LIFE AND WORK <p>Abdulla Avloni's views in the field of education are closely connected with the psyche, way of life, national values of the Uzbek people. The rich pedagogical heritage of the writer. and the study of whether it served as a valuable resource is becoming a requirement of the times</p> Suvonova Nilufar Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-11 2022-05-11 10 5 230 233 METHODS OF TEACHING WAYS TO USE STANDARD AND NON-STANDARD TEST ASSIGNMENTS IN PRACTICAL TRAINING IN GENETICS <p>This article shows the advantages of using standard and non-standard tests in genetics in practical training.The information presented highlights the importance of such assignments throughout the lesson.</p> Usmanova Nilufar Mamatvali qizi Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-11 2022-05-11 10 5 234 238 UPDATE PERIOD OF EDUCATION SYSTEM <p>This article examines the continuity of the continuing education system, reforms in the education system, the level of coverage of the education system, the use of opportunities created for modern and world-class education. Proposals and recommendations on ways to increase competition in the education system on the basis of public-private partnership and to eliminate shortcomings in the education system and the education system are given.</p> Sholdarov Dilshod Azimiddin O‘gʻli Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-12 2022-05-12 10 5 239 246 ЕХPRЕSSIОN ОF PURPОSЕ IN UZBЕK LАNGUАGЕ <p>This аrtiсlе аddrеssеs thе сurrеnt issuеs оf prаgmаtiс study оf оffiсiаl wоrking dосumеnts’ tехts in thе Uzbеk lаnguаgе. Thе prаgmаtiс fеаturеs оf thе tехt оf оffiсiаl dосumеnts аrе studiеd. In pаrtiсulаr, thе issuе оf thе prаgmаtiс purpоsе оf thе spеаkеr is аnаlysеd in thе оffiсiаl dосumеnts’ tехt. Thе pоlyintеnsivе nаturе оf оffiсiаl оffiсе dосumеnts is illustrаtеd by thе ехаmplе оf оffiсiаl lеttеrs. Thе аrtiсlе аlsо аddrеssеs thе issuе оf impliсit ехprеssiоn оf а prаgmаtiс gоаl. Thе ехprеssiоn оf mоrе thаn оnе prаgmаtiс gоаl in thе tехt оf оffiсiаl dосumеnts is substаntiаtеd thrоugh thе аnаlysis оf thе tехt оf wоrking dосumеnts suсh аs lеttеrs оf guаrаntее, lеttеrs оf rеquеst, tеlеgrаms, аnd invitаtiоns. Оffiсе dосumеnts thаt ехprеss thе prаgmаtiс gоаls оf сеrtаin individuаls аrе studiеd in sub-саtеgоriеs.</p> Eshmonov Nursultan Boxodirovich Mаmаrаhimоv Sirоjiddin Murtazayevich Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-12 2022-05-12 10 5 247 250 ABDULLAH AVLONI IS A WRITER WHO SANG ABOUT THE IDEAS OF ENLIGHTENMENT AND NATIONAL REVIVAL <p>This article argues that Abdullah Avloni's views in the field of education are closely linked with the psyche, lifestyle, national values of the Uzbek people, his rich pedagogical heritage has served as a valuable source in the development of the national school, national pedagogy.</p> Abdusalomova Muslima Gayratjon qizi Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-12 2022-05-12 10 5 251 253 THE ENTRY OF OPERA GENRE INTO UZBEK MUSIC <p>This article discusses the history of the opera genre, its stages of development, and what kind of musical genre opera is. Opera is a complex systemic genre that combines music, theater, dance and painting. This article discusses the introduction and development of the opera genre in Uzbek music, Uzbek operas.</p> Normuradova Mavluda Ahmad qizi Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-13 2022-05-13 10 5 254 257 THE USE OF PREFABRICATED BASALT-PLASTIC REINFORCEMENT IN CONSTRUCTION <p>There probably aren't many domed concrete structures where you live, because they're difficult to build. To build them usually requires the construction of a supporting wooden structure that holds the concrete in place while it is hardens. However, nowadays, a team at the Vienna University of Technology has devised a system that allows concrete shell structures to simply be "inflated" and cinched together with a steel cable.</p> Ibodullayev Shermukhammad O’ktam O’g’li Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-13 2022-05-13 10 5 258 262 TEXT IS A HIGH-LEVEL SYNTACTIC UNIT <p>The article deals with the linguistic status of the text, views on text analysis, syntactic analysis of the text. Thoughts on syntactic semantics are given. In particular, it provides theoretical information that syntactic semantics does not only study the semantic weight of the text, but also analyzes the semantic weight of the text, checks the interpretation of issues such as the completeness of the text, the logical integrity. At the same time, a wide range of the subject of the study of syntactic semantics of texts is considered, while the syntax is directly related to the fact that the object of examination is not only a small syntax, but also a large syntax.</p> Turniyazova Shakhnoza Nigmatovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-13 2022-05-13 10 5 263 269 ARITHMETIC OPERATIONS ON Z-NUMBERS DESCRIBED BY PAIR OF TRAPEZOIDAL MEMBERSHIP FUNCTIONS <p>This paper considers implementation of arithmetic operations on Z-numbers described by pairs of trapezoidal membership functions. Trapezoidal numbers allow good approximation for a wide range of fuzzy numbers and are quite frequently used in fuzzy systems. Trapezoidal representation of fuzzy numbers is quite effective and efficient in preserving the systems from the loss of information after series of operations combining fuzzy numbers. We suggest an operational approach to implement arithmetic operations on Z-numbers the components of which are trapezoidal fuzzy numbers.</p> F.N.Iskandarova S.N.Iskandarova Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-14 2022-05-14 10 5 270 275 DESIGN OF STRUCTURE AND PROPERTIES OF COMPOSITE MATERIALS WITH DISCRETE FIBERS <p>The development of products made of composite materials (CM) is associated not only with shaping and heat treatment, but also with the formation of its structure and physical and mechanical characteristics performed at the design stage of the CM. Thus, the creation of parts from CM is a clear example of the embodiment of the trinity of material, design and technology, since the design and manufacturing processes also provide for the provision of the basic properties of the product material. The greatest efficiency of using KM is achieved by solving the problems of reducing metal consumption, eliminating thermal operations (energy consumption), increasing the characteristics of strength, durability and reliability (specific strength), reducing the weight of structures and increasing technological productivity in combination with the flexibility and versatility of the KM method,</p> Kuvandik Atabaevich Polivanov Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-14 2022-05-14 10 5 276 280 THE IMPORTANCE OF ORGANIZING STUDENTS' INDEPENDENT WORK IN BOTANY <p>This article discusses the importance of organizing independent work of students in improving the effectiveness of teaching botany lessons and developing skills of independent work in the in-depth development of the discipline. The questions of the methodology of the organization of independent work of students are highlighted.</p> Ravshanova Mukhabbat Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-14 2022-05-14 10 5 281 284 « ANALYSIS OF DEFECTS THAT OCCUR DURING THE TWISTING OF YARNS OF COMPLEX STRUCTURE » <p>Yarn, in comparison with monolithic threads, consists of short fibers that are interconnected by twisting or gluing. This article analyzes the defects arising in the process of torsion of textile threads.</p> Atambayev Dilmuhammad Davronbek o’g’li Akramova Komila Shuxrat qizi Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-14 2022-05-14 10 5 285 288 RISK FACTORS FOR SUICIDAL BEHAVIOR MOOD DISORDERS IN ADULTS AND ADOLESCENTS <p>This article states that currently suicide attempts and suicide among adults and adolescents is common and major global clinical and public health problem health among psychiatric patients. It was mentioned that identifying risk factors for certain types of underlying affective disorders can help determine suicide risk, support preventive measures and treatment of patients from risks and improvement forecast. In particular, bipolar disorders and depressive disorder have a particularly high risk of mental illness.</p> Juraev Shohrukh Djumanazarovich Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-14 2022-05-14 10 5 289 295 C FOR CONFLICT: DISPOSITIVE CENTERS AND THE DISCURSIVE CONSTRUCTION OF JUVENILE DELINQUENCY <p>This paper is using critical analysis to examine how the discursive idea of "juvenile delinquency" has formed and evolved among Cebuanos—both children and adults. The study is an overall expansion of the qualitative methodology. The critical discourse analysis (CDA) methods guide the level of in-depth study regarding texts and contents. The end result is a multifunctional and multifaceted structure: a prison-orphanage-school-cloister-in-one. For mortification, digital surveillance is used, and the jail security apparatus, as well as the jail personnel themselves, serve as a superimposed substitute for parenting and scapegoating. No wonder, based on the statistical data we have found regarding the juvenile delinquency rate and the facts about what usually happens when CICL leave the centers and then rejoin the free communities, self-defense alibi and self-victimization cases are rampant among the children abused to do the evil deeds of adults. The divergence programs have evolved into a program to amplify divergence. To feel "clean" and rehabilitated, all they have to do is eat, pray, and love their country and religion indefinitely. Furthermore, Children in Conflict with the Law are regarded as grounded miniature adults.</p> Nathaniel G. Gido Wilzen D. Bermoy Maricar G. Cañedo Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-15 2022-05-15 10 5 296 299 USE OF INTERACTIVE METHODS IN TEACHING THE SUBJECT "APPROPRIATE DETERMINATION" IN ARABIC <p>In this article, recommendations have been developed for the application of such new pedagogical technologies as brainstorming, the Pinboard technique, the Venn diagram, the "Insert" strategy, the five-minute essay, in the training of the topic the agreed definition in Arabic. It was found that the application of the above-mentioned interactive methods in the process of the lesson will help to form theoretical and practical knowledge in accordance with the agreed definition in Arabic, the skills of logical thinking and organization of the joint dedication of the teacher and students.</p> Umarov Adahamjon Abdusalomovich Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-15 2022-05-15 10 5 300 304 SEMANTIC SYNCRETISM OF TASTE AND TACTUAL ADJECTIVES <p>The article reveals the varieties of semantic syncretism in the meaning of an empirical adjective and examines the functional and semantic features of taste and tactile adjectives with a syncretic meaning.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> Sobirova Hilola Soibjon qizi Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-15 2022-05-15 10 5 305 307 THEOLOGY OF MINISTRY TO THE URBAN POOR WITH SPECIAL CONTEXT OF EMERGING URBAN SLUMS OF VIZIANAGARAM, ANDHRA PRADESH, INDIA <p>God looks at the rich and poor equally and both need the salvific experience in God. Gospel is real good news for the poor, because they are looking for equality and dignity. It is important that we realize that God insists that we need to share our resources with the needy and the marginalized. However, Jesus looked at the people differently, and accepted the religious, social, economic and cultural outcaste groups&nbsp;&nbsp; and transformed their lives The Slum Dwellers of Vizianagaram are also socio-economically challenged and backward. Politically they have very little or no voice at all. In the context of the urban poor, the occupation, lifestyle and behavioral patterns of the slum dwellers make them distinct from others in society. Thus, they are considered outcastes, sinners and oppressed in the society without dignity and identity in the society. The urban middle class man does not even consider them as the citizens of the city, and treat them as unwanted elements. A total indifference to the needs of community development in the slums is to evade the Church’s ethical responsibility of Christian social involvement. The church has a better option to play its role and active involvement in eradicating the poverty, oppression and social degradation of the slum dwellers.&nbsp; In reflecting upon the Christian response to human need , church should have recognized the central place of the local church as the vehicle for communicating the Gospel of Jesus Christ both in word and deed.</p> Dr. Srinivasa Rao Chepa Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-15 2022-05-15 10 5 308 324 BUDDHISM AND ENVIRONMENT VASTU: A MODERN THEORY <p>Lord Buddha appeared in this world because people were performing sinful deeds on the strength of Vedic authority. Thus, he rejected the Vedas and preached Buddhist philosophy thereby teaching people the basic dharmic principles. However, because he has rejected the Vedas he is not accepted as a worshipable incarnation. Also, the Buddha graha signifies Vishnu thus, it is recommended to worship Lord Vishnu directly instead of Lord Buddha. The mantra that should be chanted for Lord Vishnu Ishta Devata&nbsp;</p> Dr. Jitendra Vyas Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-15 2022-05-15 10 5 325 333 EFFECT OF NANPARTICLES ON PHOTOTAXIS PROCESS IN PLANT CELLS <p>Over the past decade, the use of nanomaterials and nanoparticles in consumer products has significantly increased the likelihood of their impact on water, soil and air. Organisms suffer the most, especially in aquatic ecosystems. In addition, due to the intensive development of nanotechnology, the use of nanoparticles is widespread in various fields. As a result, it can cause significant complications for human health at the end of the food chain. Therefore, the study of the ecotoxicological and biological effects of nanomaterials in aquatic ecosystems remains relevant. The impact of nanoparticles on the human body, animals and plants has been widely studied. The consequences of the accumulation of nanomaterials in living systems and their participation in metabolic processes are interesting and require research.</p> Alıyeva Shahana Rafaıl Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-15 2022-05-15 10 5 334 336 THE IMPORTANCE OF THE INTRODUCTION OF INTERNATIONAL ASSESSMENT PROGRAMS, TECHNIQUES AND TECHNOLOGIES IN THE TEACHING OF LEGAL <p>In this article, the content of the importance of the formation of legal consciousness and legal culture of the growing younger generation, the implementation of international assessment programs, methods and technologies in the system of teaching legal Sciences, the evaluation of opportunities for preparation and conduct of education in international studies are discussed.</p> D.D Israilov Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-17 2022-05-17 10 5 337 345 FORMATION OF HEALTHY THINKING IN NEIGHBORHOODS AND YOUNG PEOPLE <p>The neighborhood has been a social, cultural, spiritual and educational unity, a place of solidarity and embodiment in the history of our people.</p> Jamshidbek Rasulov Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-17 2022-05-17 10 5 346 349 SORPTION-FILTERING PROPERTIES OF CONTACT ELEMENTS BASED ON HIGHLY POROUS CERAMIC BLOCK-CELLULAR MATERIALS <p>The influence of the structural and physical characteristics of carriers based on ceramic highly porous block materials of a cellular structure on the sorption-filtering properties of contact elements is considered, and their optimal combination with the performance characteristics of sorbent filters for high-performance gas cleaning systems operating at high temperatures and aggressive environments is shown.</p> Khakimov Zafar Tulyaganovich Rahmatov Khudoyor Boboniyozovich Tulayev Eldor Rashid o’g’li Turotboyev Botir Sadulla o’g’li Malikov Bakhtiyor Bakhodir o’g’li Ma’murov Musulmonqul Abduqahhor o’g’li Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-17 2022-05-17 10 5 350 354 TECHNOLOGICAL FACTORS AFFECTING THE STORAGE OF THE QUALITY OF SEMI-HARD CHEESES <p>The article shows that the formation of the organoleptic characteristics of cheeses occurs in the process of its maturation, i.e. aging under certain temperature and humidity conditions as a result of enzymatic processes that cause a change in all components of the cheese mass and the formation of a characteristic taste and texture. Cheese is stored at lower temperatures, but the enzymatic processes do not stop, but proceed more slowly. The factors influencing the preservation of consumer characteristics of cheeses during storage until the expiration date, such as the quality of the original milk, the nature of the origin of the milk-clotting enzyme preparation, are considered. A very important factor in preserving the consumer characteristics of cheese during storage is the compliance of its chemical composition with the recommended parameters. Of particular importance are the mass fraction of moisture, active acidity and mass fraction of salt. When forecasting for long-term storage of semi-hard cheese, in order to preserve its organoleptic characteristics until the end of the shelf life, it is necessary to reduce the mass fraction of moisture as much as possible. The combination of high humidity, low pH and high salt content is critical.</p> Khakimov Zafar Tulyaganovich Rahmatov Khudoyor Boboniyozovich Abdumannonov Axror Abdurasul o’g’li Pardaboyev O’rolbek Saydvaliyevich Muzaffarov Sarvar Sanjar o’g’li Murodov Dilshod Komiljon o’g’li Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-17 2022-05-17 10 5 355 358 DEVELOPMENT OF TECHNOLOGY FOR OBTAINING HIGHLY CONCENTRATED ISOBUTYLENE <p>The process of isobutylene hydration on sulfonic cationic catalysts is characterized by a relatively low reaction rate, the presence of a phase separation due to the mutual insolubility of water and hydrocarbons, and a high energy intensity of the process due to the need to concentrate dilute alcohol-containing solutions. However, the indisputable advantages of this method are the high degree of extraction (98–99%) of isobutylene from the hydrocarbon fraction and the high purity of the resulting monomer – 99.99 wt.% of the main substance.</p> Rakhmatov Khudoyor Boboniyozovich Khakimov Zafar Tulyaganovich Rustamov Akmal Rustamovich Raufzoda Shohruh Ablusaid o’g’li Botirov Saitnabi Komil o’g’li Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-17 2022-05-17 10 5 359 364