Galaxy International Interdisciplinary Research Journal <p><strong>Galaxy International Interdisciplinary Research Journal (GIIRJ) </strong>is a monthly peer reviewed international journal. The international interdisciplinary journal publishes the articles in various disciplines. We invite authors to submit the original research papers for the current issue of our journal. GIIRJ is started with the vision of providing the platform to the researchers in 2013 and providing the services with best quality paper publications in the areas not limited Sciences, Humanities, Economics, Finance, Engineering, History, Educational Advancements, Education and Sports Sciences, Tourism and Physical Sciences. </p> <p><strong>A PEER REVIEWED REFEREED MONTHLY E-JOURNAL</strong></p> <p><strong>(ALL SUBJECT ONLINE MONTHLY JOURNAL)</strong></p> <ul> <li><strong>ISSN (E):</strong> 2347-6915</li> </ul> <ul> <li><strong>SJIF Impact Factor 2024</strong>: 8.346</li> </ul> <table style="height: 288px;" width="296"> <tbody> <tr> <td width="58"> <p><strong>Year</strong></p> </td> <td width="103"> <p><strong>SJIF Impact Factor</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="58"> <p>2023</p> </td> <td width="103"> <p>8.057</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="58"> <p>2022</p> </td> <td width="103"> <p>7.718</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="58"> <p>2021</p> </td> <td width="103"> <p>7.472</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="58"> <p>2020</p> </td> <td width="103"> <p>6.914</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="58"> <p>2019</p> </td> <td width="103"> <p>6.519</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p> </p> <ul> <li><strong>Submission Date:</strong> Open</li> <li><strong>Publication Date:</strong> Within 48 Hours </li> </ul> <p><strong>Send your Manuscripts to:</strong></p> <p> </p> Galaxy Journal en-US Galaxy International Interdisciplinary Research Journal 2347-6915 DYNAMICS OF INFECTION OF FISH BY RACACENOSIS IN SELECTED FISHERIES IN THE SAMARKAND REGION <p>White carp – 20.0%, eel – 14.6%. The three fish species were contaminated with crustaceans by an average of 19.3%. Based on the results of our surveys, it was established that in four districts of the Samarkand region, 18.0% are infected with 2 types of crustaceans: lerniosis, 1.3% are infected with arguliosis.</p> Yunusov Kh.B. Kurbanov F. I. Suyundiqov D. Khushnazarova M.I. Khujayeva K. Copyright (c) 2024 Yunusov Kh.B., Kurbanov F. I., Suyundiqov D., Khushnazarova M.I., Khujayeva K. 2024-04-05 2024-04-05 12 4 1 5 PRODUCTION IMPROVEMENT STUDIES ELECTRICITY IN UZBEKISTAN UNTIL 2030 <p>The article discusses the possibility and necessity of using solar and other alternative energy to generate electricity in the region based on the experience of the development of the world electric power industry.</p> Ахмедов Алимжон Махмудович Copyright (c) 2024 2024-04-05 2024-04-05 12 4 6 9 MIXED EDUCATION AT A PEDAGOGICAL UNIVERSITY. THE ESSENCE AND WAYS OF IMPLEMENTATION <p>One of the trends in modern education is the creation of a digital educational environment. This article reveals the relevance of this trend for the pedagogical institute. One of the components of the digital educational environment, web resources, is considered in detail. Their types are described and examples of the most relevant subject resources for the introduction into the educational process are presented.</p> Gizatullina Olga Ivanovna Copyright (c) 2024 2024-04-05 2024-04-05 12 4 10 16 MORPHIC-ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS AND BIOLOGICAL FEATURES OF TOMATO NAFIS F1 HYBRID <p>The article presents the morphological and economic characteristics and biological features of the tomato hybrid Nafis F1. The elegant F1 hybrid was created by crossing the Zorina F1 hybrid with the Pink Delight F1 variety (♀ Zorina F1 x ♂ Pink Delight F1). According to the authors, today it is important to carry out work on the selection of tomatoes from vegetable crops. The new hybrid Nafis F1, created by seedlings, is suitable for planting and harvesting in greenhouses.</p> Akhmedov Bakhtiyor Makhammadzhonovich Kholmurodova Gozal Rozievna Copyright (c) 2024 2024-04-05 2024-04-05 12 4 17 23 EXPLOSIVE ABILITY AND ITS RELATIONSHIP TO PERFORMING THE FRONT HAND JUMP SKILL ON THE JUMPING PLATFORM DEVICE IN ARTISTIC GYMNASTICS <p>The goal of the research is to identify the relationship between the explosive ability of the muscles of the legs and arms and the level of performance of the front hand jump skill on the jumping platform device, as it represents the research community and its sample is the population and the research sample is from the players of the Nasiriyah Specialized Training Center in Artistic Gymnastics for Juniors, who number 22 players and were chosen intentionally, as they range They were 11 - 13 years old</p> Lecturer: Sarraa Hasan Kawish Copyright (c) 2024 2024-04-06 2024-04-06 12 4 24 29 DIFFERENCES BETWEEN CORELDRAW AND ADOBE ILLUSTRATOR SOFTWARE <p>Discusses the differences between the two most popular programs for creating designs - vector graphics programs. The difference between CorelDraw and Adobe Illustrator CC software is that each has its own features. The advantages of CorelDraw and Adobe Illustrator programs are analyzed and the opinions obtained are presented.</p> Khakimov son of Bakhtiyor Muzaffar Copyright (c) 2024 2024-04-06 2024-04-06 12 4 30 33 THE CONCEPT AND WAYS OF EFFECTIVELY MANAGING THE LOAN PORTFOLIO OF COMMERCIAL BANKS <p>The article presents the essence of the concept of a bank loan portfolio, the problems of managing the loan portfolio of commercial banks, their composition, the importance of diversifying the loan portfolio, proposals aimed at improving the formation of a bank loan portfolio and its management. An analysis is given of the views of scientists regarding the concept of a loan portfolio and its management. The tasks necessary for effective management of the loan portfolio are outlined and problems that impede this process are identified.</p> Fattakhova Munisa Abdukhamitovna Copyright (c) 2024 2024-04-06 2024-04-06 12 4 34 40 THE IMPACT OF ISLAMIC FINANCE ON ECONOMIC GROWTH FOR A SAMPLE OF DEVELOPING COUNTRIES FOR THE PERIOD (2010-2020) <p>Islamic banks (IB) have an important role in the growth of GDP of developing countries. Islamic participatory plans merge the origins of lenders and borrowers. It allows the enabled bankers to lend to lending on a long -term basis to create projects with higher properties of risks and return, and thus, to support economic growth. Our analysis studies the contribution of Islamic financing to economic growth. Using a panel data collection, we compare bank brokers and traditional banks to add it to economic growth. We have studied a sample of 120 banks between 2010 and 2020. Through three regular slopes of small squares, and through experimental analysis we found that the development of non -usurious banks supports economic growth. Moreover, the cooperation between the financing situation improves economic growth. The integration of this new financing has not ignored the role of the traditional method of financing. The practicing of the distinguished brokers is also far from their theoretical situation in terms of the results of the participation.</p> Waleed Ashour Khaleed Copyright (c) 2024 2024-04-06 2024-04-06 12 4 41 55 ENHANCING LANGUAGE TEACHING: A MULTIFACETED APPROACH <p>Effective language teaching requires a diverse array of methods to engage learners and facilitate comprehension. This article explores various teaching strategies, including teacher talk, questioning, note-taking, and game-based activities, highlighting their advantages and disadvantages. Drawing from insights by educational theorist Geoff Petty, the article emphasizes the need for a balanced approach that incorporates both teacher-centered and student-centered methods. Furthermore, it underscores the importance of understanding linguistic levels and instructional strategies to support language learners in achieving their objectives. By adopting a multifaceted approach to language teaching, educators can create stimulating and enjoyable learning environments conducive to linguistic proficiency and fluency.</p> Muhamadavas Tursunovich Irisqulov Nargiza Ergashbayevna Yuldasheva Copyright (c) 2024 2024-04-06 2024-04-06 12 4 56 65 THEORETICAL AND PRACTICAL FUNDAMENTALS OF THE ELECTRONIC LITERATURE CREATION SYSTEM <p>In this article, electronic educational literature in the modern education system The theoretical and practical foundations of the electronic educational literature creation system are covered.</p> M. Yusupova Khusanboyeva Tursunoi Muhammadkasimdzhanovna Copyright (c) 2024 2024-04-06 2024-04-06 12 4 66 77 TO DEVELOP THE COMPETENCE TO USE A MATHEMATICAL APPARATUS BY SOLVING ECONOMIC ISSUES <p>The use of mathematical programs to solve practical problems in the training of future specialists forms students' competence in using these programs and serves as the basis for the development of their knowledge. In this article, the methodology for using MathCAD programs to solve economic problems is shown using practical problems.</p> Maxmudova N. A. Mirzamaxmudova N. T Qosimova M. Copyright (c) 2024 2024-04-08 2024-04-08 12 4 78 80 A CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGICAL APPROACH TO THE RATIONAL USE OF ANTI-INFLAMMATORY DRUGS IN PREGNANT WOMEN <p>Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NAID) are a group of drugs that are widely used in clinical practice. Pregnant women also use NSIDs quite often - both as prescribed by a doctor and independently. However, information about the safety of their use in this category of patients in Russian-language sources is limited.</p> Sobirjonov Islombek Tavakkaljon ugli Copyright (c) 2024 2024-04-08 2024-04-08 12 4 81 83 A CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGICAL APPROACH TO THE RATIONAL USE OF DRUGS IN BRONCHOOBSTRUCTIVE SYNDROME <p>The role of acute respiratory viral infections (ARVI) in the development of broncho-obstructive syndrome (BOS) is discussed. The main pathogenetic mechanisms of obstructive airway damage, the role of muscarinic cholinergic receptors and β2-adrenergic receptors are described. Methods of treatment of biofeedback in acute respiratory viral infections are discussed in detail. Particular attention is paid to the use of combined bronchodilators in the form of a metered-dose aerosol inhaler, in particular the combination of fenoterol and ipratropium (Berodual N). It was concluded that the combined use of two classes of bronchodilators is more effective in many clinical situations.</p> Rasulov Boburjon Qahhorovich Copyright (c) 2024 2024-04-08 2024-04-08 12 4 84 86 A CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGICAL APPROACH TO THE USE OF DRUGS IN ARTERIAL HYPERTENSION SYNDROME <p>Currently, cardiovascular diseases (CVD) firmly hold 1st place among all causes of mortality in economically developed countries, being one of the most common pathologies among chronic non-communicable diseases. However, since the 2nd half of the 20th century, a steady decline in mortality from CVD has been observed in Western Europe and North America. This trend has been observed in recent years in Eastern European countries.</p> Bazarova Albina Muhammadjonovna Copyright (c) 2024 2024-04-08 2024-04-08 12 4 87 89 A CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGICAL APPROACH TO THE USE OF CARDIAC GLYCOSIDES IN PREGNANT WOMEN <p>Pregnancy, with its physiological neurohumoral and hemodynamic changes, can cause a first-time cardiac arrhythmia or lead to aggravation of an existing arrhythmia. It is important to highlight those rhythm disturbances in pregnant women that do not pose a danger to the mother and fetus and therefore are not a contraindication to natural childbirth, and sometimes do not even require drug treatment. On the other hand, arrhythmias that disrupt hemodynamics, as well as those related to the so-called potentially malignant and malignant cardiac arrhythmias, require specific pharmacotherapy, and in some cases, invasive treatment methods.</p> Usmanova Feruza Tahirjonovna Copyright (c) 2024 2024-04-08 2024-04-08 12 4 90 92 CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGICAL APPROACH TO THE RATIONAL USE OF ANTIBACTERIAL DRUGS IN CHILDREN <p>An analysis of cases of adverse drug reactions in children was carried out. For 2017–2023 95 observations were registered at the regional center for monitoring the safety of medicines in the Andijan region. In 21.4% of cases, combined lesions developed. Skin allergic reactions were frequent manifestations: in 36.8% of cases - in children under 3 years of age, in 31.6% - in children from 3 to 18 years of age. In 14.7% of cases, severe allergic reactions were recorded: acute urticaria, angioedema, toxic epidermal necrolysis.</p> Numonova Guzaloy Davronbek kizi Copyright (c) 2024 2024-04-08 2024-04-08 12 4 93 95 CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGICAL APPROACH TO THE RATIONAL USE OF DRUGS IN CHRONIC HEART FAILURE <p>The article discusses the problems of using calcium antagonists (CA) in real clinical practice. Doctors’ tactics in prescribing ACs indicate compliance with the basic recommendations of pharmacotherapy for patients with arterial hypertension. The expediency of using dihydropyridine ACs is emphasized as agents with an optimal combination of effectiveness and safety in patients with a combination of arterial hypertension, angina pectoris and chronic heart failure. The results of studies of the clinical effectiveness of felodipine in combined cardiac pathology with cognitive impairment are discussed.</p> Qosimov Zafarbek Odiljon ugli Copyright (c) 2024 2024-04-08 2024-04-08 12 4 96 98 CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGICAL APPROACH TO THE RATIONAL USE OF IMMUNOCORRECTIVE DRUGS IN CHILDREN <p>The use of the drug Isoprinosine (Inosine pranobex) in the complex treatment of children with complicated allergic diseases helped reduce the frequency of their recurrence and prevented the development of infectious complications. The administration of Isoprinosine during the period of convalescence of the disease was accompanied not only by positive clinical dynamics, but also by an improvement in immunogram parameters. None of the patients experienced any adverse reactions, which indicates the safety of the drug.</p> Akhmedov Bakhodir Urolovich Copyright (c) 2024 2024-04-08 2024-04-08 12 4 99 101 CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGICAL APPROACH TO THE RATIONAL USE OF VITAMINS IN CHILDREN <p>Modern data on the participation of vitamin D in the formation of various forms of allergic pathology in children are presented. The range of knowledge about the biological significance of vitamin D has recently expanded significantly. The features of vitamin D metabolism and its participation in the leading links in the pathogenesis of atopic dermatitis (AD) are described: in the regulation of the immune response, violations of the integrity of the epidermal barrier and the implementation of allergic inflammation in the skin. The pathogenetic significance of vitamin D deficiency in the formation of bronchial asthma (BA) is discussed.</p> Parpiyeva Salima Boqijonovna Copyright (c) 2024 2024-04-08 2024-04-08 12 4 102 105 SELF-EDUCATION OF STUDENTS WITHIN THE FRAMEWORK OF PERSON-CENTRED LEARNING <p>This article reveals the main aspects of bachelor's self-educational activity. One of the fundamental directions of development of modern education in Uzbekistan is the change of educational policy, where the main model of education is humanisation, reorienting profile education to personality-oriented. This direction of modern education is aimed at forming in students the needs, skills and abilities of independent mastering of new knowledge, new forms of activity, their analysis and correlation with cultural values, ability and readiness for creative activity. This, in turn, dictates the necessity for university teachers to change the content of teaching technologies, orientation to personality-oriented pedagogy.</p> Alimsaidova Sayyora Amidyeyevna Copyright (c) 2024 2024-04-08 2024-04-08 12 4 106 110 INTERACTIVE APPROACH TO TEACHING STUDENTS SCIENTIFIC SPEECH <p>This article reveals the main sides of the use of interactive methods of teaching bachelor. The teacher at the modern stage creates conditions for the formation of the personality of the learner, involves each student in active cognitive activity, organizes learning situations in which the student can try his or her hand at solving emerging learning problems, introduces ways of obtaining the necessary information in order to form his or her own reasoned opinion on this or that issue.</p> Alimsaidova Sayyora Amidyeyevna Copyright (c) 2024 2024-04-08 2024-04-08 12 4 111 116 THE EFFECT OF SPECIAL TRAINING IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE VALUES OF SOME BIO KINEMATIC VARIABLES AND THE KINETIC MANIFESTATIONS OF THE PERFORMANCE OF THE CRUSHING CRUSHING SKILL OF THE CENTER (6) OF YOUTH VOLLEYBALL <p>The importance of the research is that the training of the special helps the player to integrate the skills of motor in an orderly and sequentially as well as the performance of movements under changing circumstances, so that the player is able to cope with different conditions and positions during the course of the game well, as well as the development of the values of some biokinematic variables and the movement of the player, to achieve the best mechanical and motor conditions. The objectives of the research are the number of special exercises according to some biomechanics variables and the dynamic manifestations of the crushing back of the center of (6) volleyball for young people. biokinematic variables and kinetic manifestations of the crushing back of center (6) volleyball in the tribal and remote tests. The third part included the research methodology. The researcher used the experimental method to solve the research problem. The sample of the research included the players of the clubs of Al-garaf and al-ahwar . The researcher used the tools and auxiliary devices as well as the vocabulary of the curriculum and the tribal and remote tests and the statistical means. As for the fourth section, the results were presented and discussed in a scientific discussion based on the scientific sources. The researcher reached some conclusions that the training of the special has a great effect in the development of the values of biomechanics variables and some of the kinetic manifestations of the crushing blow of the center (6)</p> Assistant Lecturer: Murtadha Mohammed Athab Copyright (c) 2024 2024-04-08 2024-04-08 12 4 117 129 THE ROLE OF HUMAN LABOR IN THE WATER NEED FOR WHEAT CROP IN MAYSAN GOVERNORATE <p>The study came to look for the role of human labor in the water need for the wheat crop in Maysan Governorate, which aims to find out the impact of labor on the water need for the wheat crop, and the extent of the interest of the human hand and its factors in the amount of water needs of consumption according to the size and area of land in Maysan Governorate, as well as for what is characterized by conditions and suitability for this crop after the most important natural and human factors in those water needs have been studied, and to see the knowledge of the amount of rain falling on Study area during the agricultural season 2021-2022, which cannot be fully relied upon to meet the water need for wheat crop in Maysan Governorate.<br>While the study showed that there must be a large and supportive role by the government to provide the rest of the agricultural inputs, as the role of labor will provide greater opportunities for the water crop, which must produce abundance for this crop despite the water fluctuations during the winter season .<br>Our current study included the most prominent challenges and problems facing wheat cultivation in Maysan Governorate after proposing appropriate future solutions and solving the difficulty of water needs and winter water forecasts.</p> Woroud Jabbar Idan Ali Salman Tohme Copyright (c) 2024 2024-04-08 2024-04-08 12 4 130 144 THE EXTENT TO WHICH THE STANDARDS OF PARLIAMENTARY CONTROL ON THE WORK OF EXECUTIVE BRANCH HAVE BEEN ACHIEVED <p>The topic of Parliament’s competence to issue legislative decisions is one of the topics that are among the most important competencies of the legislative authority of Parliament, and one of the principal topics for any political system. It being a cause for the interest of researchers in the field of legal research in these topics, as it reflects the prominent impact on the process of enacting laws. Despite the effectiveness extent of this control; it entails that parliamentary work is supportive of the political system for the state. The extent to which the standards of parliamentary control on the work of the executive authority is negatively reflected on the political actions of the state and the entire political system. Thus, the research problem lies in two important fields, the first of which is the reluctance of the parliament’s role in the maturation of the controlling idea over the executive branch. This reluctance resulted from the partisan dominance of the government and its influence since it represents the largest and influential bloc within Parliament by most of the members belonging to that bloc. Second, the description of parliament as a weak institution and the detracting from its rule made it unable to effectively influence. Accordingly, the research aimed to raise this problem to improve the situation reality of this institution and its effective function for the public interest.</p> Mohammed Hashem Mohammed Al-Hussainawi Copyright (c) 2024 2024-04-08 2024-04-08 12 4 145 156 MEASURING AND ANALYZING THE IMPACT OF MONETARY POLICY TOOLS IN CONTROLLING INFLATION RATES IN IRAQ FOR THE PERIOD 2004-2022 <p>The study aimed to show the extent of the ability of monetary policy to use its tools and the nature of its work in controlling inflation rates in the Iraqi economy for the period (2004-2022), , through the use of the analytical and standard method, and the study showed in the descriptive aspect the relationship between the tools used for monetary policy and the phenomenon of inflation, cash. The results of estimating the relationship in the standard side using the methodology of the self-regression model for distributed slowdown (ARDL) showed that there is a statistically significant relationship between monetary policy and inflation, and the results showed that the Central Bank of Iraq was able through the use of monetary policy tools to reduce an important percentage of inflation rates despite the economic and security conditions that the country is going through.</p> Khalil Ismail Aziz Hamad Mahmood Copyright (c) 2024 2024-04-08 2024-04-08 12 4 157 171 WAYS TO IMPROVE MARKETING RESEARCH AT "SAM AUTO" JSC <p>In this article, the implementation of marketing research, statistical analysis, type of technology, level of specialization are considered for the development of the market concept, planning, management, control and analysis of its development.</p> Musayeva Shaira Azimovna Copyright (c) 2024 2024-04-08 2024-04-08 12 4 172 177 THE INHERENT SIGNIFICANCE OF FIGHTING CORRUPTION AND ITS PREVENTION IN MODERN SOCIETY <p>The article describes the specific importance of the fight against corruption and its prevention in modern society, the results of identifying corruption through a philosophical approach, the negative impact of corruption on the life of society, and the philosophical methods of its elimination.</p> Арипов Алишер Сайфиддинович Copyright (c) 2024 2024-04-08 2024-04-08 12 4 178 179 THE SIGNIFICANCE OF TEACHING THE UZBEK LANGUAGE IN A NON-TRADITIONAL METHOD IN HIGHER EDUCATION <p>This article is devoted to the issue of teaching Uzbek language in non-traditional ways in foreign language groups of higher education. The place of this science is incomparable in terms of raising young people in the spirit of patriotism, instilling respect and reverence for the state language. In addition, the effectiveness of the application of information technologies, which are improving with the demands of the times, has always been of urgent importance. Taking this into account, the practical importance of the article is determined by the possibility of using the proposed methods not only in the practice of teaching the Uzbek language, but also in educational courses such as methodology, text linguistics, and literature.</p> Khaitbayeva Gulbakhor Ikramovna Copyright (c) 2024 2024-04-08 2024-04-08 12 4 180 183 USING OF GRAPHIC ORGANIZERS IN FORMING VISUAL-METHODICAL SUPPORT OF TEXTUAL EDUCATIONAL MATERIALS IN LAW EDUCATION <p>Graphic organizers play a special role in the visual presentation of educational information. This type of interactive methods, which are graphic in nature, provides the opportunity for students thoroughly, to assimilate educational information quickly and effectively. The article examines the visual presentation of textual educational materials in the process of organizing law education.</p> Bekbergenova Guljamila Saparbaevna Copyright (c) 2024 2024-04-08 2024-04-08 12 4 184 187 STUDYING THE EFFECT OF THE EDUCATIONAL CURRICULUM ACCORDING TO THE CIRCULAR HOUSE DESIGN ON LEARNING SOME GYMNASTICS SKILLS <p>The research aims to create and formulate an educational curriculum through which some gymnastics skills can be learned, in addition to identifying the effect of educational units based on the circular house strategy. During the time period from October 2023 to December 2023, the study was designed on the third stage students, numbering (84) students, where only (46) students were chosen by lottery, including (23) as an experimental group and (23) as a control group. They were equal in age and weight. And length, where the approach was used experimentally and to demonstrate its impact on them. The current study found that exchanging roles led to the activation of the detection of performance errors for the observer, who will avoid them when he becomes a performer, in addition to identifying important skill vocabulary and distributing them among the sectors activates the learning process.</p> Dr. Bashar Hameed Abdal Majeed Mohanad Fadhil Abdul Sada Abas Ali Raad Ismael Copyright (c) 2024 2024-04-09 2024-04-09 12 4 188 197 STUDYING CONFLICTS AMONG STUDENTS BASED ON GENDER APPROACH <p>In this article conflicts among students based on gender approach is identified. As well , it is relevant to pay attention to the education of boys and girls who are difficult to educate, by studying their gender differences.</p> Arziubay Bekmuratov Copyright (c) 2024 2024-04-10 2024-04-10 12 4 198 201 A CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGICAL APPROACH TO THE RATIONAL USE OF DRUGS IN DEPRESSIVE SYNDROME <p>A review of the literature on the neurobiological mechanisms of depressive disorders, which presents the role of biochemical changes in the cholinergic, serotonergic, dopaminergic and other neurohumoral systems in the development of depression. Modern approaches to the pharmacocorrection of depressive disorders are discussed in detail, and the question of the prospects of treating depression with anticholinergic drugs is also raised.</p> Urinboyev Lochinbek Khasanboy ugli Copyright (c) 2024 2024-04-12 2024-04-12 12 4 202 204 THE IMPACT OF INTELLECTUAL CAPITAL DISCLOSURE IN FIRM VALUE – ZAIN TELECOMMUNICATION AS A CASE STUDY <p>The research aims to determine the relationship and the impact of the disclosure of intellectual capital on the company's value in the Iraq Securities Market, and addresses the annual financial reports of Zain Telecommunications for the period of (2012) until (2020), and relied on the examination of reports using the method of content analysis with the aim of measuring the level of disclosure of intellectual capital through an indicator consisting of (18) element using model (1) and zero, and also used simple linear correlation and regression analysis to determine the relationship and impact between research variables through the use of SPSS statistical program, It found a statistically significant correlation between the disclosure of intellectual capital and the value of the company's research sample and recommended that accounting bodies and organizations concerned with the profession should adopt an action map with instructions and controls requiring companies to disclose intellectual capital components, Courses, conferences and seminars should also be held for the competent bodies and representatives of companies to familiarize them with the importance of intellectual capital and how to measure and disclose it as a fundamental pillar of companies in the modern business environment.</p> Sabaa Mahmood Abdullah Copyright (c) 2024 2024-04-12 2024-04-12 12 4 205 218 MECHANISMS FOR IMPROVING THE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM OF THE EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTION WITH INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES <p>This article presents mechanisms for improving the management system of the educational institution with information technologies.</p> Mardonov Obid Omonovich Copyright (c) 2024 2024-04-12 2024-04-12 12 4 218 220 DEVELOPMENT OF CREATIVITY IN PRESCHOOL CHILDREN <p>This article contains ideas on the development of creative abilities of preschool children.</p> Torakulova Manzurakhan Copyright (c) 2024 2024-04-12 2024-04-12 12 4 221 224 FOLK MUSIC TRADITIONS - A FACTOR IN EDUCATING THE YOUNG GENERATION IN THE NATIONAL SPIRIT <p>The issues of alignment of the spirituality of the rising generation on the basis of transferring their conceptions, knowledge, and skills about local musical traditions are considered in the present article.</p> Umida Kurbanova Copyright (c) 2024 2024-04-12 2024-04-12 12 4 225 227 FORMATION OF MILITARY JOURNALISM DURING THE SOVIET PERIOD <p>The Second World War was a responsible period for the development of military journalism and its full expression of content. Doctor of History, Professor N. Abduazizova writes, "During the 1941-1945 war, the press network, like all fronts, was somewhat reduced, the size and number of copies of a number of newspapers and magazines decreased. During this period, a military periodical press was also established in Uzbek in the territory of the former union, where military operations were taking place. During these war years, a total of 14 military newspapers were published in Uzbek."</p> Nametova daughter of Bahora Botirali Copyright (c) 2024 2024-04-12 2024-04-12 12 4 228 230 FORMATION PROCESSES OF MILITARY JOURNALISM <p>Military journalism in the mass media system is a part of a social institution with its own dynamics. In it, information integration reflects the military sphere, as well as directly depends on whether it operates in wartime or peacetime. In international conflicts from the time of the war to the present day, the mass media play a major role in influencing the opinion and imagination of citizens in conveying information to the audience.</p> Suvanov son of Temur Orif Copyright (c) 2024 2024-04-12 2024-04-12 12 4 231 235 CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGICAL APPROACH TO THE RATIONAL USE OF DRUGS IN ARRHYTHMIA SYNDROME <p>Ventricular arrhythmias (VA) of the heart are among the most common and complex arrhythmias. They occur in acute and chronic diseases, and sometimes in practically healthy individuals. Holter ECG monitoring (HM ECG) reveals ventricular extrasystole (VE) in approximately 50–80% of individuals without signs of cardiovascular disease, and high grade VC is detected in 25–35% of cases. And in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD), this type of arrhythmia is recorded in more than 90% of cases. PVCs are more common in older people.</p> Abobakirov Khamdambek Yusupovich Copyright (c) 2024 2024-04-13 2024-04-13 12 4 236 238 RISK OF CHRONIC GLOMERULONEPHRITIS IN CHILDREN <p>A retrospective analysis of risk factors for chronic glomerulonephritis in 210 children was carried out. The role of a combination of several risk factors in the chronic course of the disease has been established. We identified 5 combinations of common risk factors that determine the chronic course of various clinical forms of glomerulonephritis in children. A table has been developed to predict the risk of chronic glomerulonephritis in children.</p> Arzibekova Umida Abdukadirovna Copyright (c) 2024 2024-04-13 2024-04-13 12 4 239 241 EXPLORING THE DERIVATIONAL PRINCIPLE IN LINGUISTICS: A COMPREHENSIVE REVIEW <p>The derivational principle stands as a fundamental concept in linguistics, governing the formation and evolution of words across languages. This article provides a comprehensive review of the derivational principle, exploring its theoretical foundations, practical applications, and significance in linguistic analysis. Drawing on a wide range of scholarly sources, including seminal works and recent research findings, this review elucidates the various aspects of the derivational principle, from its role in morphological analysis to its implications for language acquisition and typology. Furthermore, the article discusses the methodological approaches employed in studying derivational processes and examines the challenges and controversies surrounding this area of linguistic inquiry. By synthesizing existing knowledge and highlighting emerging trends, this review contributes to a deeper understanding of the derivational principle and its importance in the study of language structure and evolution.</p> Matkurbanova Yulduz Urazimbetovna Copyright (c) 2024 2024-04-15 2024-04-15 12 4 242 244 MEDIEVAL SCIENTISTS OF THE SCIENCE OF BALAGAT <p>In development of Human civilization, besides the “exact” sciences, there was a strong demand for the study of the Qur’ān which covered such issues as interpretation, jurisprudence, beliefs and philology. The linguistic views covering theoretical and practical issues have developed in the structure of the philological sciences as a set of multibranch and complex scientific theories like vocabulary, morphology, syntax, the art of speech and its object of study has become the language, linguistic phenomena and the speech, the expression of language. The language has been estimated as a system of complex symbols.<br><br></p> Salima Rustamiy Aliybeg qizi Copyright (c) 2024 2024-04-15 2024-04-15 12 4 245 252 PRINCIPLES FOR COMPARING ENDOSCOPIC AND CONVENTIONAL SURGICAL INTERVENTIONS IN THE BILIARY TRACT <p>Recently, many different techniques have appeared for the treatment of choledocholithiasis and stenosing duodenal papillitis. The most widespread are endoscopic transpapillary interventions preceding laparoscopic cholecystectomy, which are currently the "gold standard" in the treatment of gallstone disease complicated by choledocholitasis, stenosing duodenal papillitis and their combination. However, the technical possibility of performing endoscopic interventions is not always available. Difficulties arise in 10-20% of patients with large, "uncomfortable" shapes, or localized concretions, altered anatomy of the Fater's nipple area, with Mirizzi syndrome, gastric resection according to Billrot-2 in the anamnesis and for a number of other reasons. At the same time, in 5.4-15% of them, endoscopic transpapillary interventions are complicated by bleeding, acute pancreatitis, damage to the common bile duct and duodenum, detachment, insertion of a litextractor and a number of other complications, which in some cases lead to death.</p> Teshabaeva M.A. Musashaykhov H.T. Zhuraev G. G. Copyright (c) 2024 2024-04-15 2024-04-15 12 4 253 257 PEDAGOGICAL SIGNIFICANCE OF ORGANIZING SPORT COMPETITIONS <p>The article describes the pedagogical importance of organizing sports competitions in educational institutions and how they affect the general growth and well-being of students.</p> Xudayberdiyeva Xuriyat Karimberdiyevna Copyright (c) 2024 2024-04-15 2024-04-15 12 4 258 260 FEATURES OF THE MANIFESTATION OF THE CHARACTER OF THE UZBEK PEOPLE <p>The article describes the features of the manifestation of the character of the Uzbek people and one of the features of the manifestation of the character of the Uzbek people-information about hard work.</p> Mamadaliev Mansurjon Mamajonovich Copyright (c) 2024 2024-04-15 2024-04-15 12 4 261 263 ASPECTS OF TRAFFIC GROWTH BASED ON IoT SERVICES <p>Factors contributing to an increase in IoT traffic have been identified. The conditions necessary for the high-quality functioning of the IoT network infrastructure are determined. Some main trends in IoT have been identified, as well as the problems of IoT at this stage of its development have been noted and ways to overcome them have been proposed.</p> M. N. Imankul Zh. D. Manbetova P. A. Dunayev A. Sh. Shakhobiddinov A. A. Yerzhan N. A. Shamuratova Copyright (c) 2024 2024-04-15 2024-04-15 12 4 264 270 ORIGIN, CLINICAL COURSE AND TREATMENT OF ACUTE MIDDLE OTITIS <p>Purulent-inflammatory diseases of the ear, throat, nose and upper respiratory tract are among the most common – on average, they affect at least 75% of the human population. The problem of adequate diagnosis, rational treatment and rational prevention of these diseases remains relevant for a wide variety of specialists – from otolaryngologists to health organizers; the integrated approach to its solution is based on combining different areas of knowledge, from molecular biology to hygiene and sanitation.<br>Acute purulent inflammation of the middle ear is a very common otiatric disease. The frequency of this disease is 25-30% of the total number of ear diseases. According to American authors, hearing loss of the US population occurs in 60% of cases due to acute purulent otitis in childhood.</p> Akramov A. S. Norboev Z. K. Copyright (c) 2024 2024-04-15 2024-04-15 12 4 271 275 THREADS OF TRANSFORMATION: ALEXANDR FEINBERG'S ARTISTIC TAPESTRY <p>Alexandr Feinberg, a renowned poet from Uzbekistan, weaves intricate threads of transformation through his poetic tapestry. This article delves into the thematic and stylistic elements that define Feinberg's poetry, exploring how his works serve as a catalyst for personal and societal change. Through an analysis of Feinberg's exploration of identity, memory, and resilience, this article illuminates the transformative power of art in shaping individual and collective consciousness.</p> Shukurova Visola Jamilya Abduganieva Copyright (c) 2024 2024-04-17 2024-04-17 12 4 276 279 IMPACT OF CASH OFFER ON DEPOSIT POLICY IN IRAQ'S BANKING SECTOR FOR DURATION (2010-2022) <p>The purpose of the research was to identify the impact of the cash supply on the deposit policy in the Iraqi banking sector because of its great importance in stimulating the economy and achieving economic development in the countries. To achieve the objective of the research, the impact of the independent variable (cash supply) in the dependent variables (total deposits, private sector deposits and public sector deposits) for the period 2010 - 2022 was analysed and measured. The research found a clear rise in the large cash supply during the study period. In 2010, it was 60386 million dinars, rising to 1682 million dinars in 2022, as well as a rise in total deposits for the Iraqi banking sector (47947232 million dinars in 2010 and rising to 129907 million dinars in 2022, in addition to the moral impact of the change in the cash supply in the dependent study variables (total deposits, private sector deposits and public sector deposits). The research recommended that, given the obvious relationship between cash supply and deposit policy, the Iraqi dinar should be supported in the economy by using all external and internal transactions of the country to raise the value of the Iraqi debt for the countries' apparent value and growth of the supply.</p> M.M. Hawraa Kadhim Jari Copyright (c) 2024 2024-04-17 2024-04-17 12 4 280 298 APPLICATION OF UNCERTAIN JERK CHAOTIC SYSTEMS IN SECURE COMMUNICATION SYSTEM <p>This paper first proposes a global exponential state estimator for uncertain jerk chaotic systems. Then, based on the above state estimators, a chaotic secure communication system with multiple security effects is planned to be designed. The transmission signal and the recovery signal of this secure communication system will be synchronized in an exponential convergence manner, and the exponential convergence rate is also derived. Finally, multiple numerical simulation results are supplemented to verify and illustrate the correctness of the main theorem.</p> Yeong-Jeu Sun Ting-Chia Chang Sheng-Chieh Chen Sheng-Wei Huang Yu-Chi Ho Wei-Chun Liao Copyright (c) 2024 2024-04-17 2024-04-17 12 4 299 306 FACTORS INFLUENCING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF PROPHYLAXIS OF INFECTIOUS COMPLICATIONS IN RETROGRADE TRANSURETHROL URETEROLITHOTRIPSY <p>Objective: to evaluate prognostic factors influencing the effectiveness and safety of transurethral ureterolithotripsy (TUULT) in pediatric patients.<br>Materials and methods: during the period from 2010 to 2022, TUULT was performed on 123 children, whose average age was 10.5 ± 4.1 years (range 4 to 17 years). Of these, there were 83 boys (67.4%), while 41 girls (32.6%). TUULT was performed using a rigid 8 Fr endoscope. The average size of the stones was 12.9±1.0 mm, with a density of 726.6±468.3 HU. Stones were located in the distal part of the ureter in 98 (79.6%) children, in the middle part in 12 (9.7%) cases and in the proximal part in 13 (10.7%) patients.<br>Results: stone free state after one session of TUULT was in 94% of cases. Risk factors were stone size greater than 10 mm, stone density greater than 1000 HU, and disease duration. Using the Clavien-Dindo classification, postoperative complications were observed in 27.6% of cases.<br>Conclusions: TUULT is an effective method for treating ureteral stones in children. Stone density influences the incidence of complications and residual stones when additional interventions are necessary. The level of complexity and conversion to open interventions is higher in patients with disease duration of more than three months.</p> Abdukarimov O. O. Nadjimitdinov Y. S. Akilov F. A. Khudaybergenov U. A Abbosov Sh. A. Saidakhmedov A. A. Copyright (c) 2024 2024-04-17 2024-04-17 12 4 307 315 CREATIVITY IN BANKING SERVICE MARKETING: A CASE STUDY IN A GROUP OF IRAQI BANKS <p>The study aims to identify the role of marketing and innovation in the banking sector in Iraq. The Iraqi financial sector is fully equipped with banks and has an aggressive and competitive environment, in this case,the beginner's place has made it difficult to survive. Therefore, this study assesses Iraq's environment with the help of pest (political, economic, social and technological) and Porter's Five Forces analysis to understand the market environment and demands. The study is based on a theoretical framework because we are unable to obtain raw data from the subject , so the study covers a detailed review of the literature that defines the current situation of Iraq. The final results are useful for new investors wishing to invest in the Iraqi banking sector and also for bank regulators. The study seeks to obtain a deeper understanding of the ways in which banks are improving their competitive positions through the development of innovative electronic banking services and the use of a new technical strategy in the banking sector. The aim of this chapter is to provide a clear idea of the main issue that is of interest to this research and why it is important for the study. In the first place, the introduction is supposed to show motivation under the importance of the topic. Thereafter , the problem statement and the purpose of the study are provided. The research structure is then included.</p> Dheyauldeen Alaa Abdulameer Al-juboori Copyright (c) 2024 2024-04-15 2024-04-15 12 4 316 322