Galaxy International Interdisciplinary Research Journal <p><strong>Galaxy International Interdisciplinary Research Journal (GIIRJ) </strong>is a monthly peer reviewed international journal. The international interdisciplinary journal publishes the articles in various disciplines. We invite authors to submit the original research papers for the current issue of our journal. GIIRJ is started with the vision of providing the platform to the researchers in 2013 and providing the services with best quality paper publications in the areas not limited Sciences, Humanities, Economics, Finance, Engineering, History, Educational Advancements, Education and Sports Sciences, Tourism and Physical Sciences. </p> <p><strong>A PEER REVIEWED REFEREED MONTHLY E-JOURNAL</strong></p> <p><strong>(ALL SUBJECT ONLINE MONTHLY JOURNAL)</strong></p> <ul> <li><strong>ISSN (E):</strong> 2347-6915</li> </ul> <ul> <li><strong>SJIF Impact Factor 2024</strong>: 8.346</li> </ul> <table style="height: 288px;" width="296"> <tbody> <tr> <td width="58"> <p><strong>Year</strong></p> </td> <td width="103"> <p><strong>SJIF Impact Factor</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="58"> <p>2023</p> </td> <td width="103"> <p>8.057</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="58"> <p>2022</p> </td> <td width="103"> <p>7.718</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="58"> <p>2021</p> </td> <td width="103"> <p>7.472</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="58"> <p>2020</p> </td> <td width="103"> <p>6.914</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="58"> <p>2019</p> </td> <td width="103"> <p>6.519</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p> </p> <ul> <li><strong>Submission Date:</strong> Open</li> <li><strong>Publication Date:</strong> Within 48 Hours </li> </ul> <p><strong>Send your Manuscripts to:</strong></p> <p> </p> en-US Sun, 04 Feb 2024 17:15:30 +0000 OJS 60 PROCESSES OF THE FORMATION OF THE POSTER AS A TYPE OF PRINTED GRAPHICS IN UZBEKISTAN IN THE EARLY YEARS OF THE 20TH CENTURY <p>In this article, in the early years of the 20th century, the processes of poster formation as a type of printed graphics in Uzbekistan, artists who worked in that period, their work, poster themes and images are briefly covered. Through the colorful images on the posters, various views of the artists who worked in the 20th century were presented in a way that people could understand. In this, information is given about the role of creative products, comic images, newspapers and magazines created through the eyes of artists.</p> Khudaiberganova Dildora Bakhromovna Copyright (c) 2024 Sun, 04 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 USE OF 3D RESOURCES IN TEACHING THE SCIENCE OF "INFROMATICS AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES" <p>This article presents the content and forms of using 3D format resources in teaching "Informatics and Information Technologies" in secondary schools. The effectiveness of using the 3D format electronic manual created for teachers of computer science and information technology in general education schools is highlighted.</p> Quramboyev Islomjon Nuraddin ugli Copyright (c) 2024 Mon, 05 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 THE TECHNOLOGY OF CREATING A THEMATIC COMPOSITION: INTERPRETING COMPOSITIONAL ISSUES IN PAINTINGS <p>This scientific article delves into the technology behind creating a thematic composition based on the interpretation of compositional issues in a painting. Compositional aspects in paintings play a critical role in conveying the theme and message to the viewers. By understanding the techniques and principles employed in composing paintings, artists and art enthusiasts can elevate their ability to create thematic compositions that effectively communicate ideas. This article explores the technological advancements and methodologies employed to analyze, interpret, and subsequently create harmonious thematic compositions inspired by paintings.</p> Sobirova Gulchekhrakhan Shokirjonovna, Abdullayev Oktamjon Ergashevich Copyright (c) 2024 Tue, 06 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 UNVEILING THE SECRETS OF STILL LIFE ART: SCIENTIFIC ANALYSIS AS THE PATH TO COMPOSITIONAL EXCELLENCE <p>The genre of still life painting has captivated generations of artists, challenging them to master aesthetics, representation, and symbolism within a static arrangement. While traditional theories have shaped the perception of still life art, this scientific article emphasizes the value of incorporating scientific analysis into the compositional process. By examining the practices of renowned artists who excelled in still life painting, we explore the underlying scientific principles and techniques that influenced their creative vision and revolutionized the artistic world.</p> Isomiddinov Abdullaziz Anvarjonovich, Suyarov Nodirbek Takhirovich Copyright (c) 2024 Tue, 06 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 EXPLORING THE SCIENTIFIC CHANGE OF COLOR RELATIONSHIPS IN THE LANDSCAPE GENRE <p>The landscape genre in art aims to capture the beauty and essence of the natural environment. One crucial element in landscape painting is the use of colors to depict various aspects of the scenery, such as the changing seasons, atmospheric conditions, and the play of light. This scientific article delves into the specifics of color relationships in the landscape genre, providing insights into color theory, perception, and the psychological impact of colors on viewers. By understanding these scientific principles, artists can manipulate color harmonies in landscape paintings to create visually striking and emotionally engaging artworks.</p> Khasanbayeva Irodakhon Ibrokhimjonovna, Abdullayev Oktamjon Ergashevich Copyright (c) 2024 Mon, 05 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 NEW RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN HERO AND ERA, CHARACTER AND CIRCUMSTANCES <p>In this article, the poetic originality of Alfred de Musset's "The Expression of the Child of the Century", the disproportion of the characters with the society and the contradictions of the plot are analyzed using hermeneutic methods and studied based on different approaches. The "plague of the century" in the work and its impact on society and youth education have been studied, analyzed and some comments have been made. The main idea of the work is the analysis of the images of the characters and episodes of the society in decline after adapting to the times and conditions.</p> A. I. Ziyadullayev Copyright (c) 2024 A. I. Ziyadullayev Tue, 06 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 PREVENTION OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF ADDICT BEHAVIOR IN STUDENTS OF PROFESSIONAL EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS <p>In this article, the prevention of drug addiction among students of professional education, the creation of a preventive system in educational institutions, the protection of the mental and spiritual health of boys and girls, the wide implementation of programs that serve to increase their adaptability and a general analysis of theoretically based approaches to promotion issues is described.</p> Sirojiddinov Ilkhomjon Ibrokhimovich Copyright (c) 2024 Tue, 06 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 THE ROLE OF MIGRATION IN HUMAN MORAL AND LEGAL CULTURE <p>This article discusses the socio-philosophical aspects of the concept of migration, where the environment is important in the migration of people from one region to another, and discovered as an object of research. It reflects the issues related to the development of the moral culture of each migrant, the impact of values on the human mind in their new location. Today, the flow of migrants has increased in all countries of the world, and their influence is effective in the renewal of society. People's activities as migrants are directly related to various reasons, and it is important for them to master the moral norms of the country they have moved to, to form a lifestyle specific to national and universal values. Because harmonizing different cultures in social life, adapting to the traditions of different nations in one's work is also necessary for a migrant's philosophical outlook. These aspects are philosophically analyzed in a modern way in this article, and the manifestation of views related to migration in moral culture is scientifically revealed.</p> Norkulov Olim Nasimovich Copyright (c) 2024 Norkulov Olim Nasimovich Tue, 06 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 GENERAL OVERVIEW ON LINGUISTIC VALENCY <p>The article focuses on different theories of valency, types of valence, its origin and characteristic features. The author tries to differentiate views of linguists on the theory of valency as well as presents her own attitude towards them. Syntactic, semantic, lexical, morphological valencies are studied while paying main attention to valency patterns, valency reducing, increasing and changing with some examples.</p> Eshboeva Sevara Anvar qizi Copyright (c) 2024 Tue, 06 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 METHODS AND FORMS OF TEACHING MATHEMATICS <p>Mathematics develops students' will, concentration, ability and activity, imagination, moral qualities of a person (stubborn, goal-oriented, creative, independent, responsible, hard-working, disciplined and critical thinking) and the ability to defend one's views and beliefs on the basis of evidence. In the process of studying mathematics, the methods and methods of human thinking include induction and deduction, generalization and clarification, analysis and synthesis, abstraction, analogy, classification and systematization.</p> Abdimumin Abdirahmanov, Akila Roziboeva Copyright (c) 2024 Wed, 07 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 THE ROLE OF FOREIGN INVESTMENT AND ITS IMPACT ON INTERNATIONAL MARKETING AND WORLD ECONOMIES-AN ANALYTICAL STUDY OF THE OPINIONS OF A SAMPLE OF EMPLOYEES AT THE IRAQI INVESTMENT BANK, KARBALA BRANCH <p>The aim of the research is to identify the impact of foreign investment on the economies of the world, the impact of foreign investment on international marketing, to identify the role of foreign investment in comprehensive development in developing countries, while arriving at the most prominent obstacles to foreign investment, as many developing countries aim to build an economic base to obtain their position. In the global market in light of economic globalization and due to its broad scope, it strives to attract the largest possible amount of foreign capital, which has proven its flexibility in times of crises. Especially since foreign investors benefit host countries by bringing modern resources represented in marketing skills, technology, and even management, in addition to that they contribute significantly to increasing job opportunities and improving efficiency by increasing the level of internal competition among developing countries. The research dealt with the concept of foreign investment and its determinants. Foreign investment in addition to the definition of international marketing and its causes. The research used a simple random sampling method to select the study sample, which was represented by workers in the Iraqi Investment Bank, and its size reached 58 workers. The results of the study showed that foreign investment plays a role in the world's economies, and that foreign investment affects international marketing. It also showed that foreign investment plays a vital role in comprehensive development in developing countries. The most prominent obstacles to foreign investment in Iraq were economic obstacles. The research recommended working to readapt the investment climate. In Iraq, by activating laws related to investment and activating supervision, in addition to developing institutions in order to attract foreign investment, foreign investments must not affect national sovereignty, and must not affect political decisions regarding the terms of the contract between the host country and the owner of this investment.</p> Mayasa Nazim Aziz Muhammad Copyright (c) 2024 Wed, 07 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 INTELLECTUAL CAPITAL FROM AN ECONOMIC PERSPECTIVE-A DESCRIPTIVE THEORETICAL STUDY <p>Intellectual Capital From An Economic Perspective. A Descriptive Theoretical Study The study sought to examine the intellectual capital from an economic perspective. In order to verify the extent to which intellectual capital plays a role in the human dimension of economic development as well as the organizational dimension, It also sought to identify the role of economic theories in this process. in favor of current developments in intellectual capital. The findings demonstrated the connection and significance of human intellectual capital for economic development, as well as the function that organizational intellectual capital plays in that regard.<br>One of the study's most significant recommendations is to focus attention on the micro and macroeconomic sectors at all levels in order to implement intellectual capital practices. This can be done by adopting a national plan that lays out these practices and is followed by measurement indicators that track how well they are being implemented. It can also be done by encouraging institutions and economic sectors to create an environment that is conducive to capital building.</p> Ammar Neamah Awada, Anas Mahmood Ibrahim, Adel Mohammed Khalif Copyright (c) 2024 Tue, 06 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 THE IMPORTANCE OF VISUALIZATION IN EDUCATION <p>How does visualization play a role in education? How do different types of visualization affect different areas of Education? In this work, we will discuss the use of visualization from a theoretical and empirical point of view, as well as reveal some general concerns when using or choosing suitable types of visualization. We synthesize the experiences of previous studies and try to give a new look at the meaning and importance of using visualization in the field of Education.</p> M. I. Siddikov, S. X. Egamnazarova Copyright (c) 2024 Thu, 08 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 A STUDY ON SAFETY MEASURES IMPLEMENTED BY LE ROMA GARDENIA RESORT (VRS INFRA) DURING THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC <p>The Covid-19 pandemic has affected almost all businesses but the impact of Covid-19 on the hospitality industry has been much more severe. According to JLL's Hotel Momentum India (HMI) report, Consultancy firm ANAROCK estimates that the sector was faced with a revenue loss of approximately Rs 90,000 crore in 2020. The pandemic has confronted the hospitality industry with a whole host of unexpected challenges. The purpose of this study is to assess the impact of Covid-19 on the Hospitality sector in general with a special focus on Le Roma Gardenia Resort - which in spite of COVID related difficulties has risen to be one of the fastest growing wedding venues in Bangalore. The study shall reveal the challenges faced and safety measures implemented by Le Roma Gardenia Resort in order to ensure the safety of customers and create a pleasant hospitality experience for them. It will also look at the internal operations of the resort, staff and employee policies and what measures have been taken to ensure all around safety and health for everyone involved.</p> Gulomkodirova Mamura Saydumarxon qizi Copyright (c) 2024 Fri, 09 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 NEW OPPORTUNITIES IN DEXMEDETOMIDINE ACOUSTIC ANESTHESIA <p>The problem of anesthesia for delivery in the abdominal cavity has long been solved. At the same time, spinal (SA) and epidural anesthesia (EA), as well as general multicomponent anesthesia (GA) with mechanical ventilation are used as anesthetic assistants [1]. Each of these methods has its advantages and disadvantages, indications and contraindications. In modern obstetrics, the choice of anesthesia for caesarean section is of particular importance, as it should contribute to adequate protection of the pregnant woman from surgical stress and create optimal conditions for the adaptation of the fetus in the perioperative and neonatal period. In modern obstetrics, the anesthesiologist plays a larger role than simply providing anesthesia for caesarean section and postpartum care [2]. Caesarean section is one of the most common birth operations used in obstetric practice. The frequency of this delivery operation is increasing all over the world, including in the Republic of Uzbekistan. The problem of sedation in obstetric intensive care units is undoubtedly of scientific and practical importance [3]. Sedation can reduce the risk of congenital complications and allow patients to recover more quickly.Most often, a component of drug sedation is a local blockade performed by an anesthesiologist, because an important task of sedation is to achieve and maintain a level of anesthesia that eliminates involuntary movements and increases in blood pressure, heart rhythm disturbances, and timely treatment. [4]. Almost all patients in the intensive care unit are adequate for various reasons, including the need for invasive procedures, disruption of sleep and wake rhythms, the severity of the general condition and the need for respiratory support. level requires sedation [5].</p> Khudoyberdiyeva Gulrukh Sobirovna, Khudoyberdieva Gulrukh Sobirjonovna Copyright (c) 2024 Fri, 09 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 PRINCIPLES OF TEACHING WRITTEN LANGUAGE IN A FOREIGN LANGUAGE AS A SOCIAL PRACTICE WITHIN THE FRAMEWORK OF BILINGUAL EDUCATION AT UNIVERSITIES <p>Teaching written language in a foreign language within the realm of bilingual university education is a nuanced and intricate procedure demanding a robust research approach for optimal learning results. This article seeks to delve into the guiding principles of instructing written language as a social practice within the context of bilingual education at universities. The exploration will involve a thorough examination of the current body of literature on this subject, coupled with the proposal of a research methodology. This methodology aims to integrate key principles from communicative language teaching, task-based learning, and sociocultural theory to comprehensively understand the dynamics of teaching written language in a foreign language within the framework of bilingual education at universities.</p> Sultanova Nargiza Toxirjonovna, Saydivaliyeva Barno Saidbaxramovna Copyright (c) 2024 Fri, 09 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 FEATURE OF SYNTAX JOINT STATEMENTS <p>This article describes the opinions of scientists and researchers who worked on the theory of syntax and joint statements, as well as the work of scientists and scholars who studied similarities and differences in Uzbek linguistics.</p> Bakoyeva Mohinur Tohirovna Copyright (c) 2024 Sat, 10 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 ISSUES OF RESEARCHING VERSIONS OF THE EPIC “ALPAMISH” IN ABROAD <p>This article talks about the study of the epic genre, which is considered the largest of the epic genres, including the comments of the German scholar Professor Karl Reichl on the research of the versions of the epic “Alpamish”.</p> Kalandarova Dilafruz Abdujamilovna, Temurova Iroda Inomovna Copyright (c) 2024 Sat, 10 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 RESULTS OF LABORATORY ANALYSIS OF MEAT SAMPLES SUSPECTED OF TUBERCULOSIS <p>This article describes the results of laboratory analysis of meat samples suspected of tuberculosis.</p> A. Babashov, O. I. Kuziboyeva, D. Egamov Copyright (c) 2024 Sat, 10 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 PROSPECTS OF ORGANIZING RENTAL OPERATIONS IN NON-GOVERNMENT EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS ON THE BASIS OF INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS OF FINANCIAL REPORTING <p>The reforms carried out by our state and government are aimed not only at pre-school and general high school education, but also in the direction of opening branches of private higher education institutions and prestigious higher education institutions of developed foreign countries, which will enable the formation of a healthy competitive environment in the higher education system, and the establishment of joint educational programs with them, is appearing. The types of activities related to the social sphere carried out in our country, in particular, the benefits created for legal entities engaged in the provision of non-state educational services, the correct organization of their tax relations as a legal entity, current tax benefits and their relative classification, conditions and procedures for using benefits, benefits In our opinion, the formation of skills in the correct use of the accounting reporting procedure and the current regulatory and legal documents related to this field is one of the most urgent issues today. Some of the provided benefits have their own characteristics in terms of duration, and some in relation to the type of activity. In this process, the correct use of tax benefits, their correct reflection in accounting is important, of course.</p> Aybek Nazarbaevich Abdullaev, Inomjon To‘raevich Jumaniyazov, Shavkat Bayramovich Babaev, Mirza Qilichbayevich Sabirov Copyright (c) 2024 Sat, 10 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 EARLY DIAGNOSIS AND PREVENTION OF UROLITHIASIS IN THE ARAL SEA REGIONS <p>The study of the prevalence of morbidity is especially relevant in regions with an unfavorable environmental situation (the Aral Sea region), where, given its nature, an increase in the incidence of urological diseases can be assumed. It has been established that "the difficult environmental situation in the Aral Sea region has become the most important feature of the habitat of the population in this region, which has led to a deterioration in the health of the population and even close to an environmental disaster."</p> U. A. Khudaybergenov, Sh. A. Abbosov, A. A. Ollayarov Copyright (c) 2024 Sat, 10 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 A PERRSPECTIVE REVIEW ON VOLLEYBALL SKILLS FOR STUDENTS: VALIDITY AND RELIABILITY <p>This paper is to demonstrate skill importance for teams’ volleyball in particular. A division (serve, pass, set, etc.) and recorded rally outcomes during all home games in a competitive season. Deals with fundamental volleyball techniques’Regulationsand abilities---etc. The skills were only rated when the ball was on the home team's side of the net. Events followed one of these three patterns: serve-outcome, pass-set-attack outcome, or block-dig-set-attack-outcome. These sequences of events were assumed. Present paper based on secondary data sources only.</p> Badithi Satish Copyright (c) 2024 Sat, 10 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 THE THEORY OF KNOWLEDGE ACCORDING TO BERTRAND RUSSELL <p>The 21st century witnesses rapid and significant changes in numerous components of life, necessitating a re-evaluation of the approach and pace of dealing with these modifications. This entails inspecting the vital branches and sections of philosophy as viewed by philosophers and thinkers of the beyond and attempting to benefit from their perspectives and numerous viewpoints on this area. The goal is for policymakers in education to satisfy these accelerating necessities and convince decision-makers to pick out the form of medical philosophy in curricula that aligns with the character of the curricula and research in the vicinity.</p> Asst. Lect. Hameed Abed Satar Copyright (c) 2024 Sat, 10 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 THE RELATIONSHIP OF CERTAIN PHYSIOLOGICAL VARIABLES WITH BIO-KINETIC ABILITY AND PERFORMANCE ENDURANCE AMONG YOUTH HANDBALL PLAYERS AGED 16-18 YEARS <p>This study aims to investigate specific physiological variables, Bio-Kinetic capacities, and performance endurance among youth handball players, aged (16-18), affiliated with Al-Diwaniya Sports Club. Additionally, it seeks to explore the interrelationships between the studied variables and performance endurance. The research adopts a descriptive methodology employing a correlational approach. The research cohort comprises fourteen youth handball players within the specified age range, representing the entire population at 100%. The findings underscore the imperative for constructing a rigorously designed test to assess handball performance endurance. Moreover, the physiological analysis of diverse variables associated with performance and the physiological strain endured by players reveals intricate interconnections and influences. These relationships are manifested through chemical interactions, along with the consequential impact of physical exertion</p> Anwar Abdul Hadi Hammood Copyright (c) 2024 Sat, 10 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 THE POSITION OF IRAQI LAW ON THE EFFECT OF THE CRIMINAL RULING ON THE JOB ASSOCIATION RELATED TO THE RULING ISSUED IN A FELONY AND THE RULING FOR A MISDEMEANOR INVOLVING DISHONOR <p>The research aims to explain the impact that a penal ruling can cause on the public job, as a penal ruling is the decision issued by a body entrusted by law with the task of adjudicating a dispute whenever it resolves disputes that have arisen over a specific legal status after inviting its parties to express their opinion on it, where the collection is done. He between the objective and formal criteria in determining the ruling by the authority that issues it, which is the court, and pointed out the dispute that could arise around a specific legal center and the topic that it addresses, which is resolving all or part of the dispute. The research is based on the basic hypothesis that the penal ruling has a positive impact on the public function in Iraqi legislation. The descriptive and analytical approach was relied upon when writing this research by defining the topic to be researched and describing the topic through the available information. The research reached a set of conclusions, the most important of which was that the penal ruling is a written decision issued by the public authority represented by the judiciary in the dispute presented before it with the aim of respecting the law and giving everyone his right. This ruling also affects the public function, which is described as the relationship that links a group of people. They are public employees and the state in which they work, and this relationship is regulated in accordance with the relevant laws to achieve the public good.</p> Jasim Mohmmed Lafta, Hasanain Salim Hammood Copyright (c) 2024 Sat, 10 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 GREEN HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT PRACTICES AND THEIR IMPACT ON INNOVATIVE BEHAVIOR <p>This research aimed to test the impact of green human resource management practices in enhancing the innovation behavior of employees for a sample of faculty members in several private colleges and universities in the Middle Euphrates region. The sample size was (175) professors of various scientific titles. The research adopted the descriptive analytical approach to the data collected through the questionnaire. The research used some statistical tools such as means, standard deviations, and Pearson correlation coefficient, as well as a statistical program (SPSS V.23). The most prominent finding of the research was the direct impact of green human resource management practices on the innovation behavior of employees and the relationship between them. The research also showed the need to spread the green culture by holding panel discussions, seminars, and scientific conferences related to environmental protection and preservation.</p> Sattar Radhi Abid Copyright (c) 2024 Sat, 10 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 RECOMMENDATIONS ON THE TEACHING METHODOLOGY OF EXAMPLES OF WORLD LITERATURE IN GENERAL EDUCATION SCHOOLS <p>This article emphasizes the importance of cultural diversity and interdisciplinary approaches, and talks about creating an effective methodology for teaching World Literature in secondary schools. The research includes the analysis of literature, different methods of teaching and their influence on student engagement and understanding. The results highlight the advantages of a holistic approach and contribute to a deeper understanding of global perspectives. A discussion section explores challenges and opportunities, leading to insightful conclusions and suggestions for educators.</p> Kalandarova Dilafruz Abdujamilovna, Turapova Yulduz Zafarovna Copyright (c) 2024 Sun, 11 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 USE OF OBSOLETE WORDS IN ARTISTIC TEXT <p>In the literary text, obsolete words are used as an important stylistic tool to express the written style of a certain period or to give the character's speech characteristics. In poetry, it is used with a special aesthetic purpose in order to give an uplifting spirit to the speech. Obsolete words are studied under the terms "archaism" and "historicism". The article talks about the linguopoetic features of archaisms and historicisms used in literary texts.</p> Naima Siddiqova, Prof. M.M. Yuldashev Copyright (c) 2024 Sun, 11 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 EFFECTIVE ASPECTS OF THE GAME TECHNOLOGY IN PRESCHOOL EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS <p>This article talks about the important aspects of the game, such as creating an opportunity to learn in cooperation with other children, allowing them to take risks, make mistakes, overcome difficulties, make learning fun, and develop children’s imagination and creativity. In particular, some comments about the role of pre-school education organizations and their importance in the field are given in bringing out these qualities.</p> Alimova Zulfiya Karimovna Copyright (c) 2024 Sun, 11 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 LINGUOPOETIC POSSIBILITIES OF SOME UNITS BELONGING TO THE LIMITED LEXICAL LAYER <p>Obsolete words that are part of the limited lexicon in the literary text are used as an important stylistic tool to express the written style of a certain period or to give the character's speech characteristics. In poetry, it is used with a special aesthetic purpose in order to give an uplifting spirit to the speech. Obsolete words are studied under the terms "archaism" and "historicism". The article talks about the linguopoetic features of archaisms and historicisms used in literary texts.</p> Naima Siddiqova Copyright (c) 2024 Sun, 11 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 TYPES OF ACTIVITIES INCLUDED IN THE CATEGORY OF HOUSEHOLD SERVICES PROVIDED TO THE POPULATION IN THE REPUBLIC OF UZBEKISTAN <p>In this article, the socio-economic significance, content and essence of the development of the service sector, the structural changes implemented in the sector, the types and description of services according to the classification symbols, and the specific features and principles of the effective development of the service sector are researched.</p> Salahiddin Toshmatov Zayniddinovich, Asror Suyunov Bakhtiyorovich Copyright (c) 2024 Sun, 11 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 THE THEME OF THE EAST IN THE WORK OF LERMONTOV <p>Oriental codes in M.Yu. Lermontov in the framework of the theory of local texts. The genesis and dynamics of the development of the Eastern text in Lermontov's poetics, as well as the motives of fate and the Demon in the Biblical-Quran context are investigated.</p> Urazkulova Anna Vaitalyevna Copyright (c) 2024 Sun, 11 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 THE THEME GENERALIZATION OF THE THEORETICAL ASPECTS OF INTERPRETATION <p>The article analyzes modern scientific ideas about interpretation, in particular about the interpretation of a text message; different approaches to the interpretation and content of this concept are compared, a conclusion is made about the significance of interpretation for the process of teaching reading. Text, interpretation, perception, interpretation, interpretation, hermeneutics, psycholinguistics, significat, speech-thinking activity</p> Mayorova Natalya Anatolyevna Copyright (c) 2024 Sun, 11 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 PSYCHOLOGICAL STUDY OF THE PROCESS OF SOCIALIZATION IN ADOLESCENTS <p>In this article, the process of socialization in adolescents and the relationship between this process and the society will be highlighted. , is a continuous process that develops depending on moral concepts.</p> Laylo Ilhombayevna Kutlimuratova Copyright (c) 2024 Sun, 11 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 INFLUENCE OF pH ENVIRONMENT ON THE SPECTRAL AND OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF BETALAIN DERIVATIVES <p>This article is devoted to the study of the influence of intermolecular interaction on the spectral and optical properties of food dyes. These studies make it possible not only to monitor the change in the color of dyes depending on the pH of the environment, temperature and other environmental factors, but also the use of food dyes in various branches of science and technology.</p> Tuksanova Zilola Izatulloyevna, Nazarov Erkin Sadikovich, Toyirova Nodira Faxriddin qizi Copyright (c) 2024 Sun, 11 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 ORGANIZATION OF EDUCATION CLASSES BASED ON AXIOLOGICAL APPROACHES <p>This article describes the method of organizing education classes based on axiological approaches.</p> Mukhtasar Azizjonkizi Askaraliyeva Copyright (c) 2024 Sun, 11 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 IMPACT OF UZBEK LANGUAGE STRUCTURE ON ENGLISH GRAMMAR ACQUISITION <p>Language acquisition, a multifaceted process shaped by linguistic diversity, cognitive mechanisms, and socio-cultural factors, is investigated in this study with a focus on English grammar acquisition among Uzbek learners. The analysis delves into the intricate dynamics influenced by Uzbek language structures, examining syntactic features, verb morphology, and pluralization patterns. The research uncovers nuanced challenges in mastering English grammar, revealing disparities between Uzbek and English syntactic structures, necessitating cognitive adaptation. English verb morphology complexity poses hurdles in tense forms and auxiliary usage, while pluralization patterns and phonological distinctions present additional challenges. Tailored instructional strategies, linguistic support, and cultural immersion experiences are highlighted as crucial for English language development among Uzbek learners. The findings emphasize the need for inclusive pedagogical practices, fostering cross-cultural understanding and advocating for linguistic diversity in education. This research contributes to the discourse on language acquisition, pedagogy, cultural understanding, and educational policy, promoting inclusive learning environments that nurture linguistic growth and intercultural competence in the pursuit of a more interconnected and harmonious world.</p> Masrurova Kamolaxon, Ergashev Rasulbek Copyright (c) 2024 Sun, 11 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 MERISTIC AND PLASTIC CHARACTERISTICS OF GRASS CASPIC, CTENOPHARYNGODON IDELLA, CULTRED IN PONDS IN UZBEKISTAN <p>The meristic and plastic characteristics of grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella), an important commercial fish introduced into Uzbekistan from China and cultivated in new conditions since the 1960s, were determined. Meristic indicators were determined: D III 7, A III 7-8 (average 8), in the lateral line 39 - 45 (42) scales, on the first gill arch 19 - 22 (21) rakers. Indices of plastic characteristics are given according to the classical scheme for measuring fish of the cyprinid family, as well as according to the method of geometric morphometry.</p> Bozorova, D., Kholova, U, Yuldashov, M., Kamilov, B. Copyright (c) 2024 Sun, 11 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 APPLICATION OF METHODS OF INCREASING THE QUANTITY OF FIBER OUTPUT DURING THE PROCESS OF SPINNING <p>In the process of separating the seeds, the raw material formed in the working chamber of the gin depends on the composition of the roller. This is due to the fact that the teeth of the rotating saw grab the fiber, attach the cotton to its back and make the roller with the raw material rotate, and the process of separating the seeds takes place in the working chamber.</p> Abzoirov Ortiq Xonimkulovich, Kushimov Azamat Abdurazzakovich, Xolmatov Shaxzod, Xolmatov Javoxir, Apurba Das Copyright (c) 2024 Mon, 12 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 THE IMPACT OF THE COGNITIVE LEARNING CYCLE STRATEGY ACCORDING TO BLOOM'S TAXONOMY AND ITS REFLECTION ON DEVELOPING THE THEORETICAL TEACHING METHODS COURSE FOR SECOND STAGE STUDENTS <p>The aim of the study is to investigate the impact of the cognitive learning cycle strategy on cognition, based on each phase of the cycle (exploration phase, concept introduction phase, concept application phase, and concept evaluation phase). The study combines learning strategies and metacognitive strategies to enhance awareness and critical thinking among the study sample. The significance of the study lies in providing students with the opportunity to rely on their own prior knowledge and retrieve it when applying the educational curriculum prepared by the researcher. The curriculum includes diverse teaching units based on the curriculum content. The researcher constructed a cognitive achievement scale for the theoretical teaching methods course, consisting of 57 items. The study population consisted of second-year students at the College of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, University of Al-Qadisiyah, for the academic year 2022-2023. The study sample included 40 students, divided into control and experimental groups. The study lasted for ten weeks, with one teaching unit per week. After implementing the educational curriculum, a cognitive achievement test was administered to the study sample within the classrooms. The results were collected for statistical analysis.</p> Asst. Prof. Dr. Hazem ALI CHazee Copyright (c) 2024 Mon, 12 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 THE SYSTEM OF MUSICAL EDUCATION IN UZBEKISTAN AT THE BEGINNING OF THE TWENTIETH CENTURY <p>The article examines the system of musical education in Uzbekistan at the beginning of the twentieth century, performing practice, the organization of music schools, the first musical and artistic amateur circles on national musical art.</p> Bakhtiyor Mustafayev Ibragimovich Copyright (c) 2024 Tue, 13 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 THE BENEFITS OF FORMING A HEALTHY LIFESTYLE IN SCHOOL-AGE CHILDREN <p>This article explores the significance of instilling healthy habits in school-age children and its myriad benefits. It delves into various aspects such as physical health, mental well-being, academic performance, and social development. By examining existing literature, this paper provides insights into effective methods for promoting a healthy lifestyle among children in schools and homes. The findings underscore the importance of early intervention and comprehensive strategies to foster lifelong habits conducive to overall well-being.</p> Kalandarova G. D. Copyright (c) 2024 Tue, 13 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 SOURCE BASIS OF THE WORK “AL-KAMIL FIT-TARIKH” <p>The work of one of the medieval historians Abu Hasan Izzuddin Ali ibn Muhammad Jazari “Al-Kamil fit-tarih” is recognized as the most reliable source in modern research. This article explains the original meaning of the word "Al-Kamil fit-tarikh". Also, it reveals the place of the word “Tarikh ar-rusul val-muluk”, which is considered important when writing a work. In particular, Ibn Asir made up historical processes up to 302/915 based on the work of Muhammad ibn Jarir Tabari “Tarikh ar-rusul val-muluk” and events after 628/1230 based on various scattered sources and wrote a beautiful historical work, scientifically analyzed.</p> Agzamova Muhabbatxon Mirtoxirovna Copyright (c) 2024 Tue, 13 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 DIAGNOSTICS AND FEATURES OF THE FLOW OF HYPERMOBILITY SYNDROME IN CHILDREN <p>Scientific and practical interest in joint hypermobility dates back to the late nineteenth century, when hereditary syndromes were described in the clinical picture of which, joint hypermobility was one of the leading symptoms. In 1967, Kirk (J. H. Kirk), Ansell (B. M. Ansell) and Bywaters (E. G. Bywaters) proposed the term "hypermobile syndrome" to characterize the pathology in patients with hypermobile joints and persistent musculoskeletal complaints in the absence of any other rheumatic disease. Since then, systematic study of this pathology within the framework of rheumatologically and orthopedic syndromes has begun</p> Dzhuraev Akhrorbek Makhmudovich, Alimukhamedova Feruza Shavkatovna Copyright (c) 2024 Wed, 14 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 MY COMMENTS ON THE LEXICON OF GHAFUR GHULAM'S STORY "MY THIEF IS A CHILD" AND A SMALL CONCORD-DICTIONARY BASED ON THE STORY <p>This article discusses the language of Gafur Gulyam’s literary works. The subtle understanding of the nuances of meaning and the skillful use of words his literary works became popular and loved by the people. This was shown and analyzed in the example of a small concordance dictionary, compiled for the story “Меning o`g`rigina bolam”.</p> Shahnoza Ziyamukhamedova Copyright (c) 2024 Wed, 14 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 LEXICAL UNITS OF LEGAL LANGUAGE <p>The adoption of a number of laws related to human rights, in turn, is the reason for the emergence of a number of new legal terms. Since these terms are reflected in the language as legal concepts, words or terms, they must be expressed and formed based on the laws of the national language. The vocabulary of legal language mainly consists of terms. But to express any legal concepts, certain requirements and norms are placed before the terms. This follows from the essence and nature of this term. The process of studying the system of legal terms of the modern Uzbek language shows that the method of lexicalization is extremely active.</p> Gulyamova Gulnora Yakubovna Copyright (c) 2024 Wed, 14 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 MODERN EDUCATIONAL METHODS USED IN INTENSIVE TEACHING OF FOREIGN LANGUAGES <p>In our rapidly globalizing world, the ability to communicate in multiple languages is becoming increasingly essential. As a result, the demand for effective language learning methods has grown, leading to the development and implementation of modern educational techniques. In the realm of foreign language education, intensive teaching has emerged as a dynamic approach to expedite language acquisition. This article delves into the contemporary methods employed in intensive teaching of foreign languages, exploring their impact on language proficiency and the overall learning experience.</p> Ruziyeva Muhayyo Zoxid qizi Copyright (c) 2024 Thu, 15 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 SPECIFIC ASPECTS OF ADOLESCENT PSYCHOLOGY <p>This article provides information about the changes in the field of mental life during adolescence, the developmental characteristics of the child's psyche, the main problems of adolescence and the relationship with the child during this period.</p> Khakimova Iltifat Bahadirovna Copyright (c) 2024 Fri, 16 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 MEMORY AND ITS DISORDERS IN CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY <p>Memory impairment is the most common clinical problem.A wide variety of disorders of mental activity can be masked under apparent disorders of the mnestic function: attention disorders of the motivational, volitional, and emotional spheres. The main functions of human memory are purposeful memorization, preservation and arbitrary reproduction of information. Memorization is associated with the neurophysiological process of consolidation - fixing the code of information about an event or fact. From the point of view of modern memory physiology, information encoding proceeds as follows: perception - comparison with a sample in long-term memory - recognition/unrecognition - formation of temporary codes in short-term memory under the regulatory influence of selective attention – consolidation new Year's Eve in long-term memory.</p> M. T. Rustambekova Copyright (c) 2024 Fri, 16 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 PSYCHOLOGICAL INTERPRETATION OF TEACHER'S SOCIAL HEALTH CHARACTERISTICS <p>In this article, the psychological interpretation of the characteristics of social health of a person, the concept of health, signs of social health, issues of social health are covered.</p> Abayev Abduvohid Abdulxamidovich Copyright (c) 2024 Fri, 16 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 "PSYCHOLOGICAL DIAGNOSIS AND CORRECTION POSSIBILITIES OF SUICIDAL TENDENCIES IN ADOLESCENTS" <p>The provision of psychological assistance to adolescents with suicidal behavior is based on precise, deep, and comprehensive psychological diagnosis of the adolescent's personality, mental state, and the degree of suicidality. This allows the specialist to clearly choose methods and means of providing psychological assistance. The article classifies some approaches to researching suicidal risk in adolescents. It also analyzes the results of comprehensive psychodiagnostics conducted with suicidal adolescents and presents the outcomes of psychotherapeutic interventions.</p> Suleymanova To’xtaxon Gaynazarovna, T. G. Suleymanova Copyright (c) 2024 Fri, 16 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 IDS GEORADAR DEEP CAREER BOARDS APPLICATION OF IBIS-ARCSAR GEORADAR TECHNOLOGY AND ACHIEVING ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY <p>IDS Georadar's unique experience in rock monitoring radars has once again revolutionized the development of a new generation radar system based on ArcSAR technology. The IBIS- ArcSAR is designed for rapid startup, reliable response to the highest safety standards and reliable risk management. Whether it is tactical or strategic monitoring, IBIS ArcSAR provides unmatched flexibility and efficiency to make important decisions.</p> Shodiyev Ramshid Muxtor o‘g‘li Copyright (c) 2024 Fri, 16 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 PSYCHOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF MAKING AND IMPLEMENTING MANAGEMENT DECISIONS IN THE ACTIVITIES OF A LEADER <p>In everyday life, every person makes a decision. Managerial decision is one of the central places in the management system.<br>If we describe the full cycle of management, management activity through functions, then in any of these functions there are two elements: preparation and implementation of the solution.</p> Nazarov Azamat Sottarovich Copyright (c) 2024 Sun, 18 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 EFFICIENT USE OF INDUSTRIAL WASTE IN THE PRODUCTION OF CONCRETE FILLER <p>This article provides information on the effective use of industrial waste, in particular, waste from the ferrous metallurgy industry, in the production of concrete aggregates.</p> Abdumominov Odina Rashidovich Copyright (c) 2024 Sun, 18 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 POSSIBILITIES OF USING IMPROVED MODERN TECHNOLOGIES IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF CHILDREN'S ORAL COMMUNICATION SKILLS THROUGH THE MEDIUM OF FOLK ART <p>This article reveals the effectiveness and significant aspects of developing artistic speech and oral communication skills of students of preschool educational organizations by means of mnemonic technology using folklore examples.</p> Farangis Murodova Ganisherovna Copyright (c) 2024 Mon, 19 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 DEVELOPMENT OF ARTISTIC AND CREATIVE COMPETENCE OF FUTURE TEACHERS BASED ON ART-PEDAGOGICAL APPROACH AS A PEDAGOGICAL PROBLEM <p>The development of artistic and creative competence of future teachers is important as the basis of their future professional activity. This article examines the conditions for applying the art-pedagogical approach in the field of pedagogy</p> Madina Nasritdinova, Turgunoy Egamberdiyeva Copyright (c) 2024 Mon, 19 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 SELF-EVALUATION OF ADMINISTRATIVE WORK AND ITS RELATIONSHIP WITH ACCUMULATED PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCES AMONG MEMBERS OF SPORTS CLUBS' ADMINISTRATIVE BODIES IN THI QAR GOVERNORATE <p>The present research aims to analyze the intricate relationship between self-evaluation in administrative work and the accumulation of professional experiences. The researcher employed descriptive and survey methods to gather the necessary data. It is noteworthy that individuals who constitute part of administrative bodies were the subjects of this study. When evaluating themselves, these individuals generally exhibit an average level of self-assessment. Furthermore, it is important to mention that a positive correlation emerges when considering self-evaluation in administrative work and the accumulation of professional experiences. Essentially, this paper aims to delve into the relationship between self-evaluation in administrative work and accumulated professional experiences. The researcher used both descriptive and survey methods for data collection. Interestingly, members of administrative bodies, when assessing their work, typically display an average level of self-evaluation. Additionally, the results of this study reveal a positive correlation between self-evaluation in administrative work and the accumulation of professional experiences .</p> Dr. Ali Hussein Halul Copyright (c) 2024 Mon, 19 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 CONSTRUCTIONS OF CIVIL BUILDINGS <p>This article is on the topic of constructions of civil buildings, it contains detailed information about the structural elements that make up civil buildings and their place in construction.</p> SH.A. Egamberdiyeva Copyright (c) 2024 Mon, 19 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 THE POSITION OF THE UZBEK LANGUAGE: A COMPREHENSIVE ANALYSIS <p>The position of the Uzbek language holds significant importance in our hands, as it reflects the cultural heritage and linguistic diversity of Uzbekistan. This scientific article provides a comprehensive analysis of the position of the Uzbek language in various domains, including education, media, government, and international communication. It examines the historical context, language policies, and challenges faced in promoting and preserving the Uzbek language. The article also highlights the efforts made to strengthen the position of the Uzbek language and suggests strategies for its further development and integration in the global linguistic landscape.</p> Mamasolieva Nilufar Suyundikovna Copyright (c) 2024 Mon, 19 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 THE EMERGENCE OF THE SPORT OF FOOTBALL AND ITS PLACE IN UZBEKISTAN <p>Football, once a foreign import to Uzbekistan, has evolved into a cherished national pastime, reflecting the nation's passion for sport and unity. This article explores the journey of football in Uzbekistan, from its humble beginnings to its current prominent status. Through a comprehensive analysis of literature, methods, and results, it sheds light on the pivotal role football plays in shaping Uzbek society and offers insights for its continued growth and development.</p> Tolibjonov Sardorbek Ravshan o`g`li Copyright (c) 2024 Tue, 20 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 STUDY OF SOCIO-ECOLOGICAL POLITICAL ISSUES IN THE CONTEXT OF ECOLOGICAL GLOBALIZATION <p>The article explores the global importance of ecological problems related to nature, whether it loses the stability of nature and manages to update its state even if it falls into a state of bifurcation.</p> G‘ulomova Ruxsora Buriyevna Copyright (c) 2024 Tue, 20 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 MODERN APPROACHES TO MANAGING AN EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATION <p>The article discusses various approaches and principles of managing an educational organization. The article also reflects different interpretations of the term “management”. The tasks of a modern educational institution are described, the influence of the leader and his competence on the effectiveness of management of the educational institution is noted.</p> Radjabova Gavkhar Umarovna, Sodiqova Nilufar Copyright (c) 2024 Wed, 21 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 INTERPRETATION OF ISSUES REGARDING THE ROLE AND CHARACTERISTICS OF ARTISTIC LITERATURE IN MASTERING RUSSIAN LANGUAGE LESSONS IN HIGHER EDUCATION <p>The article discusses the importance of literature in mastering the Russian language, in particular, it is noted that literature always plays an important role, because it is created to form the appropriate level of the ability to read and understand what is read. Also, studies are given on how literary science can help to familiarize people with cultural values and expand the range of cultural and educational interests.</p> Sardor Himmatov Sardor o‘g‘li Copyright (c) 2024 Wed, 21 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 CREATION OF ITEMS WITH HIGH FIBER QUALITY IN THE SELECTION OF COTTON VARIETIES BELONGING TO G.HIRSUTUM L. TYPE <p>In the article "G. HIRSUTUM L." in the selection of cotton varieties belonging to the type, there was talk about the methods of creating products with a high fiber quality index.</p> Sardor Abdumurodugli Raupov, Ilkhom Abdurakhmonov, Guzal Ruzievna Kholmurodova Copyright (c) 2024 Wed, 21 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 ORGANIZATION OF INDEPENDENT WORK STUDENTS <p>Independent activity helps the student to reveal himself as a person and demonstrate certain character qualities. In the correct choice of the type of independent activity, the teacher plays an important role as a leader. And this type of independent work helps to specify the goal and objectives of the solution.</p> Mamadaliyeva F. A. Copyright (c) 2024 Thu, 22 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 LINGUOCOGNITIVE FEATURES OF RIDDLES <p>The purpose of this article is to investigate the significance of riddles in oral literature and folklore. Riddles are activities and questions that are typically written in prose or poetry. They center around contrasting a certain something or occasion with one more to uncover a deliberately covered include, structure, conduct, state, or capability. Enigmas are regularly made corresponding to individuals' lives and are established on ancient thoughts and convictions, as well as people groups' hunger for information and understanding of the universe. Riddles are used to quote the words, and the way a riddle is approached suggests a secret solution. Then again, puzzles are a sort of discourse that contrasts concerning the measurements that make up verse and the manners by which it enters mainstream society.</p> Nazarova Ra’no Rahimovna Copyright (c) 2024 Thu, 22 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 THE ROLE OF MUSEUMS IN SOCIETY <p>Museums are unique institutions that preserve, research and present humanity's heritage. They serve as places where history, art, science and culture come together, creating spaces for education, inspiration and community development. In this article we will look at the role of museums, their diversity and importance to society.</p> Mirzamidinova Shakhnoza Copyright (c) 2024 Thu, 22 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 THE ROLE OF CREATIVITY IN SELF DEVELOPMENT <p>Self-development is the process of consciously and actively bettering oneself through expanding knowledge, learning new skills, overcoming challenges, and fulfilling one’s potential over the course of a lifetime. This requires discovering one’s passions and strengths, setting aspirational goals, and engaging in experiences that facilitate personal growth. Creativity plays a pivotal role in enabling this continual growth and self-actualization journey. The urge to create is a fundamental human drive through which we can explore our identities, push our capabilities, find purpose and meaning, and lead more enriching lives. Research has shown strong links between engaging in creative activities and measurable improvements across indicators of psychological, cognitive and social wellbeing. As such, purposefully nurturing creativity should be considered a foundational element of self-development strategies. By honing our innate creative capacities through learning artistic skills, problem solving, and imaginative thinking, we can unlock opportunities for self-discovery, knowledge expansion, purpose actualization and life enrichment.</p> Ch. Manjeera, Srinivasa Rao Gundu, Chinta Mutyala Rao Copyright (c) 2024 Thu, 22 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 MATHEMATICAL MODELING OF CHEMICAL-TECHNOLOGICAL PROCESSES <p>The article describes the mathematical modeling of chemical-technological processes and the scientific-methodological processes carried out in this regard.</p> Turayev Kahramon Nortojiyevich Copyright (c) 2024 Thu, 22 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 METHODOLOGY OF TEACHING STUDENTS WITH LOW ATTENDANCE AND ASSESSMENT IN ENGLISH <p>Information is given on the methodology of teaching English language to students with low attendance and mastery. Advanced methods using modern pedagogical technologies are also mentioned.</p> Gafurova Makhsumakhon Abdusalomovna Copyright (c) 2024 Fri, 23 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000 THE WORK OF COMMERCIAL BANKS WITH PROBLEM LOANS AND WAYS TO IMPROVE THEM <p>The article analyzes the existing work on the issue of dealing with credit portfolios and problem loans in the banking system and the measures taken within the framework of the legislation, as well as some recommendations on ensuring the effective operation of the lending and collection system in this area. given.</p> Abdurakhmanov Daniyorbek Copyright (c) 2024 Fri, 23 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +0000