Galaxy International Interdisciplinary Research Journal <p><strong>Galaxy International Interdisciplinary Research Journal (GIIRJ) </strong>is a monthly peer reviewed international journal. The international interdisciplinary journal publishes the articles in various disciplines. We invite authors to submit the original research papers for the current issue of our journal. GIIRJ is started with the vision of providing the platform to the researchers in 2013 and providing the services with best quality paper publications in the areas not limited Sciences, Humanities, Economics, Finance, Engineering, History, Educational Advancements, Tourism and physical sciences. </p> <p><strong>A PEER REVIEWED REFEREED MONTHLY E-JOURNAL</strong></p> <p><strong>(ALL SUBJECT ONLINE MONTHLY JOURNAL)</strong></p> <ul> <li><strong>ISSN (E):</strong> 2347-6915</li> <li><strong>SJIF Impact Factor 2021 :</strong> 7.472</li> </ul> <p> :2020: 6.914<br /> :2019: 6.519<br /> :2018: 5.723<br /> :2017: 5.604</p> <ul> <li><strong>Submission Date :</strong> Open</li> <li><strong>Publication Date :</strong> Within 48 Hours </li> </ul> <p><strong>Send your Manuscripts to:</strong></p> en-US Sun, 02 May 2021 16:02:44 +0000 OJS 60 “INDISPENSIBILITY OF MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM(MIS),MISCOMPUTER INTERFACE-A CASE STUDY OF COMPUTER MAINTENANCE CORPORATION PRIVATE LTD.(CMC) “ <p>The term Management Information System(MIS) is commonly used to refer to the study of how individuals, groups, and organizations evaluate, design, implement, manage, and utilize systems to generate information to improve efficiency and effectiveness of decision making,including systems termed decision support systems, expert systems, and executive information systems.</p> Prof. Avik Ranjan Roy Copyright (c) 2021 Sun, 02 May 2021 00:00:00 +0000 THE GRIN APPROACH: MINIMIZING DISRUPTIVE BEHAVIORS AND INCREASING ACADEMIC ENGAGEMENTS <p>Learners cannot learn in chaos. Teachers as facilitators of learning is also the classroom manager. Numerous research and studies have correlated that positive classroom management is vital for effective teaching and learning to happen. Studies also showed that disruptive behaviors inside the classroom will be a great hindrance for learning if not addressed properly.On the other hand, studies have also shown that corporal punishment or punitive approaches to disruptive behavior have cause more harm rather than to solve the problem. These negative responses were able alleviate and not decrease the learners sense of responsibility with their<br>actions. Inflicting fear within them is not an effective solution to stop the learners misbehaviors.The GRIN Approach (Guidance, Redirection and Interaction Notebook) is an intervention which helps to minimize classroom’s disruptive behaviors and increase the learners’ academic engagements. Through anecdotal records in the form of journal pseudo social contracts,learners, parents and or guardians and the teacher agree of certain personal interventions suggested by the parties that can help the learners reflect on the consequences of his/her behavior inside the classroom. The GRIN Approach also increases the academic engagements of the learners especially those who are at risk of dropping out or engaging into belligerent behaviors.</p> Mary Elaine P. Espela Copyright (c) 2021 Sun, 02 May 2021 00:00:00 +0000 PSYCHOLINGUISTIC FACTORS IN SECOND LANGUAGE PROFICIENCY OF THE 21ST CENTURY LEARNERS IN THE NEW NORMAL PEDAGOGY <p>This study determine the influence of psycholinguistic factors in second language (L2) proficiency of the 21st century learners in the new normal pedagogy. Respondents were composed of two hundred forty (240) Grade 12 students from the academic strands of Talavera Senior High School (TSHS) who accomplished the e-survey using Google Form from the adapted tool of Hsuan-Yau Tony Lai (2013) and for the EPT. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used in analysis and interpretation of data. Significant findings shows that the respondents’ level of second language (L2) proficiency was intermediate and psycholinguistic factors (motivation, anxiety, attitude, and language learning experience) were influential in L2 proficiency of the respondents. Furthermore, significant correlations were recorded between the L2 proficiency level and their strand as well as their parents’ highest educational attainment; and the psycholinguistic factors and the respondents strand. However, no significant correlations were recorded between the respondents’ L2 proficiency level, psycholinguistic factors, and their age, language used at home, and the reading materials available at their homes. Further in-depth studies or similar endeavor were highly encourage with regards to the findings of this paper.</p> Marissa B. Reyes Copyright (c) 2021 Mon, 03 May 2021 00:00:00 +0000 SEED GERMINATION AND SEEDLING GROWTH OF MANGO AS AFFECTED BY DIFFERENT CONCENTRATIONS OF WOOD VINEGAR <p>The study was conducted to assess the seed germination and seedling growth of Mango (Mangifera indica L.) as affected by different concentrations of wood vinegar.<br>The study was laid out in Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with five (5) treatments, three (3) replications, and ten (10) samples per replication. The treatments are the following: Treatment 1 (no wood vinegar application), Treatment 2 (2% of wood vinegar), Treatment 3 (1% of wood vinegar), Treatment 4 (0.67% of wood vinegar), and Treatment 5 (0.5% of wood vinegar).<br>The result showed that mango applied with Treatment 3 were the fastest to germinate, Treatment 2 produced the tallest seedlings. There was no significant difference in the stem diameter, number of true leaves, days of true leaves, number of seedlings per seed, length of longest roots, the diameter of longest roots, and the number of secondary roots as the analysis of variance the said parameters revealed.Based on the study, the application of 1% of wood vinegar can be implemented to fasten plant germination, and also 2% of wood vinegar can be used to increase plant growth in a short period.Furthermore, studies on applying different concentrations of wood vinegar and lengthening the span of the study can be designed for future research.</p> Ronel S. De Guzman, Michelle Irish Y. Dadural Copyright (c) 2021 Mon, 03 May 2021 00:00:00 +0000 EFFECT OF INDUSTRIAL FIRMS IN RICE PRODUCTION IN THE FIRST DISTRICT OF ZAMBALES <p>The study was conducted to determine the effect of industrial firms in rice production in the Municipalities of Subic, Castillejos, and San Marcelino. The descriptive method was used in this study to evaluate the effect of industrial firms on rice production.There were 88 respondents in the First District of Zambales, 34 of which were from Subic, 24 were from Castillejos, while 30 were from San Marcelino. Results show that most of the respondents were aged 55-64 years old, mainly were males who have finished their secondary education. On the other hand, based on the number of households, most of the respondents from Subic and Castillejos have 3-4 members, while in San Marcelino, they have 5-6 members. The majority of farmers have long been engaged in farming (31-40 years), but some stated that they do not have any monthly income. The majority of the respondents stated that they were slightly affected by the rise of industrial firms, primarily in the sourcing labor force. As a result, many of them decided to engage in machinery and use herbicides. However, the overall yield per hectare of the First District of Zambales from 2013-2017 did not almost increase. Besides industrial firms, other factors were lack of water, the variety used, climate, and pests and diseases.The study results showed that industrial firms do not nearly affect rice production because of the continuous research and new technologies disseminated nowadays, especially machinery and chemicals. Furthermore, additional study about land conversion is highly recommended by the author.</p> Ronel S. De Guzman, Dr. Ma. Ester D. Mariñas, Kenny C. Francisco Copyright (c) 2021 Mon, 03 May 2021 00:00:00 +0000 PRESENT SCENARIO OF IMPLEMENENTATION OF RTE ACT, 2009 IN SCHOOLS AND MADRASAHS: AN EVEVALUATIVE STUDY IN MURSHIDABAD DISTRICT, WEST BENGAL <p>The Constitution (Eighty-sixth Amendment) Act, 2002 inserted Article 21-A in the Constitution of India to provide free and compulsory education of all children in the age group of six to fourteen years as a Fundamental Right in such a manner as the State may, by law, determine. The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009, which represents the consequential legislation envisaged under Article 21-A means that every child has a right to full time elementary education of satisfactory and equitable quality in a formal school which satisfies certain essential norms and standards. The objectives of this study are: To document my three research objectives I have used Qualitative method. The present researcher may be concluded his report by saying that the educational environment is almost good in every school of his study area but the achievement of the students is very poor. More the school will be established in this area. Recruitment of teacher should be regular. Overall for the teachers, if the RTE Act is summarized it would be; do not turn away the child, do not hit the child and encourage the child. Right to education act is blamed for the low learning level of the child by the teachers. But one cannot culpability the policy for no learning, as the factors affecting the learning are still the same. So, the policy cannot be blamed alone. Also, there is a need to judge one’s own actions. RTE Act is definitely maximizing the enrolment of the children in the schools but providing quality education is the need of the hour. Teachers, who are the vanguard providers of the education services, were required to implement the RTE Act about which they had no clear awareness and knowledge regarding this act. This had a negative impact on the implementation of the act. It is important for the teachers to be trained and schools have resources to cater to the needs of all the children.</p> SK Rasid Ali Copyright (c) 2021 Mon, 03 May 2021 00:00:00 +0000 THE USE OF ORGANIC AND INORGANIC FERTILIZERS AND ITS EFFECT ON THE QUALITY OF CORN PRODUCTS IN THE PHILIPPINES: A REVIEW <p>The Philippines is an agricultural country with a land area of 30 million hectares, 47% of which is agricultural land. The prime agricultural lands are located around the main urban and high population density areas. Philippine agriculture remains concentrated on a few traditional commodities. Corn is second to rice as the most important crop in the Philippines, with one-third of Filipino farmers, depending on maize as their major source of livelihood. Most Filipino corn farmers prefer to use inorganic fertilizer in increasing the yield of their crops due to readily available nutrients in the materials and ease in application. However, due to the high cost of inorganic fertilizer and at time scarce supply caused by both energy crisis and socio-economic constraints, farmers are hesitant to use it alone. It is therefore necessary to integrate with organic fertilizer to augment the poor fertility of the soil. There is a need to integrate with organic fertilizer to attain better yield and compensate the slow release organic nutrient. Nutrient uptake values were higher in the combined application than the sole application. Besides, it is impossible for Filipino farmers to apply organic inputs alone especially in a large-scale farms.The application of combined organic and inorganic fertilizers is advisable for corn production especially for those new hybrid varieties. New hybrid varieties of corn require a high amount of nutrients. The addition of organic materials in the soil could improve its fertility status and productivity, thus it could improve the yield and quality of the products. This could contribute to the high return on investment of the farmers.Fertilization influence not only the growth and yield but also the physicochemical properties and sensory qualities of corn products. The pH value, total soluble solid, and titratable acidity of corn ears could be increased when it is applied with the organic fertilizers. The same also with the sensory qualities that the taste, aroma, texture, and color of cooked corn ears are found to be more likely acceptable to the consumers. Organically-grown products is the most preferred by the consumers nowadays since most of them are health conscious. It is also observed that organic fertilizers prolong the shelf life of the products when it is stored for 5 days, thus maintain the appearance quality of the corn ears.</p> Enrique E. Biñas, Jr. Copyright (c) 2021 Mon, 03 May 2021 00:00:00 +0000 CASTE AND GENDER IN INDIAN SOCIETY <p>Gender, caste, etc. have existed in Indian society for years. If we define it as Mills, then these categories provide an analytical framework at a special level to understand the complexities inherent in Indian social phenomena. It is clear from the gender perspective that it is not found in civilizations, that contrary to social structure, it is generated by the interrelationships between the sexes. This It is found equally in every society. Social, political, cultural, economic development is dependent on it, hence, caste, gender in society determine the social characteristic and its form in all human civilizations. Developing comprehensive understanding in the context of society. Demand has been created. Analysis of these relationships is incomplete without thorough study.</p> Dr. Anirudh Kumar Sudhanshu Copyright (c) 2021 Mon, 03 May 2021 00:00:00 +0000 STYLISTIC PROBLEMS OF COMPOSER S.RAKHMANINOV IN PIANO CONCERTS <p>The article provides a detailed opinion on the solution of stylistic problems of the famous Russian composer, skilled pianist S. Rakhmainov in the heart of piano concerto. The article also draws conclusion from the analysis of musical works belonging to the creative pen.</p> Shahidaxon Ataboeva, Gavharoy Kholikova, Nigorakhon Jalalova, Usmonova Shoxista Copyright (c) 2021 Tue, 04 May 2021 00:00:00 +0000 MAINTENANCE AND OTHER OPERATING EXPENSES (MOOE) AND SCHOOL-BASED MANAGEMENT (SBM) PERFORMANCE OF SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN SAMAR ISLAND <p>The study investigated the extent of Maintenance and Other Operating Expenses (MOOE) utilization relating to School-Based Management (SBM) performance of public secondary schools in Samar Island for school years 2016-2019. A mixed-method, explanatory research design was employed utilizing 159 school heads. Focus Group Discussion (FGD) was conducted for selected School heads, disbursing officers or bookkeepers and teacher representatives from six divisions in Samar Island. Quantitatively, this study made use of percentages, weighted mean, and Pearson r for the correlative data; while thematic analysis enriched the qualitative investigation. Findings of this study highlight a high extent of Maintenance and Other Operating Expenses utilization to ensure students’ access to complete basic education; priority for school ceremonies like the Moving Up of the Junior High School, Closing Ceremonies, and Recognition Programs; to support the needs of the learners for their learning activities; to fund the rentals and minor repairs of tools and equipment that are important to classroom activities; and to fund the expenses related to graduation rites. The results showed that the least priority in the expenses were for the Internet connection of the school, telephone bills, salaries for the janitors, and the security guards. In addition, it was also found out that the School Based Management performance of the schools have improved in the past three years, from Good to Better. Finally, no substantial connection prevailed between the extent of utilization of Maintenance and Other Operating Expenses and School Based Management performance of secondary schools in Samar Island.</p> Jericho D. Ecija Copyright (c) 2021 Tue, 04 May 2021 00:00:00 +0000 MODERN METHODS OF TEACHING MATHEMATICS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS <p>This article uses an unconventional method to help students achieve better mastery of a topic in an optimized math curriculum in general secondary schools.</p> Ayupova Dilbar Copyright (c) 2021 Tue, 04 May 2021 00:00:00 +0000 FACTORS AFFECTING THE SPEAKING SKILLS OF SECOND ENGLISH LANGUAGE LEARNERS <p>As English is the Philippines Second Language, the curriculum provides adequate opportunities in order for the students to have an effective and efficient communication but despite all these, the students have to improve their skills wherein it was stated that<br>there are factors that affect and hinder them to learn the second language effectively. This mixed-method survey research aimed to identify and evaluate the factors that greatly affect the speaking skill of students wherein it involved 39 Grade 7 students and nine Junior High school English teachers with the different perceptions of the two groups of participants. It was revealed that a typical English teacher is female, 41 years old, with Master’s units with 6 to 10 experience in teaching. The common student-respondent was female and is studying English for about 5 to 7 years. The teachers aimed to develop the speaking skill of the students by giving them a variety of speaking tasks with a definite time duration wherein the students are trained to correct their own grammatical errors which can be further developed through the immediate and constructive feedback from their teachers. Meanwhile, the students have poor vocabulary so they sometimes communicate using English as the medium and they know that it is very significant in their future jobs especially in communication. If they are exposed in an unannounced speaking activity, it was revealed that they are pressured so they try to prepare possible responses in advance. Furthermore, the teachers agreed that the students are motivated to learn English in their class but some were anxious while performing speaking activities. Lastly, the teachers revealed that the students were average as many can use English in conversing their ideas but still they need more practice. The main factor that affects students’ speaking skills is the affective factor such as the shyness to speak the English language and the fear of committing mistakes while their speaking performance. The study recommends that teachers may encourage the students to speak in class by giving more time for speaking practices for students to be confident so they can handle on the spot speaking performance. Teachers should give genuine feedbacks through euphemism to avoid the students’ discouragement.</p> Rochelle B. Cabaltica, Rechella Joy M. Arcala Copyright (c) 2021 Wed, 05 May 2021 00:00:00 +0000 EFFECTIVENESS OF CLAIM, EVIDENCE AND REASONING AS AN INNOVATION TO DEVELOP STUDENTS’ SCIENTIFIC ARGUMENTATIVE WRITING SKILLS <p>This study focused on inquiry necessities on the students’ use of argument, particularly in writing, that is, to communicate their knowledge and scientific findings and develop an understanding of scientific practice/s. The purpose of this action research is to evaluate the effectiveness of Claim, Evidence and Reasoning as an innovation to develop students’ argumentative writing skills in the senior high school classrooms. The CER Framework, while extensive and complex, shows promise building both argumentative writing skills and science content knowledge of the learners. The results of this study demonstrated that modified iterations of this model should include data sets that are personally meaningful to students, writing tasks scaffolded to areas of students’ need, attitude and comfort, and clear communication of feedback, from both peers and teacher - focused on all three areas of scientific arguments: claim, evidence, and reasoning. Information gained from this study will benefit science educators by yielding information about how scientific argumentative writing can be most effectively implemented in the science classroom to yield the maximum benefit for literacy in the science curriculum.</p> Resty C. Samosa Copyright (c) 2021 Wed, 05 May 2021 00:00:00 +0000 PROXIMITY TO THE RIVER A MUTUAL ROLE: A PHENOMENOLOGICAL STUDY <p>The mutual role of the river's nearby residents creates balance and benefit in the coexistence of humans and their immediate environment. The study focused on the experiences of residents near the San Juan River in Aborlan, Palawan, employing a descriptive phenomenological approach and the seven steps of Colaizzi's (1978) method. The following themes were identified: river benefits, threats encountered, and initiatives, participation, and advocacy. All of the participants have prior swimming experience, with the majority of them learning in the river itself. Aquatic products such as milk fish, shellfish, and fresh water prawns have been observed in the river, but not in sufficient quantities to sustain a livelihood due to a handful catch at a time. Quarrying is the river's most serious threat, and it has been forced to halt due to a petition. Residents demonstrated care and concern for the river by collecting garbage, educating visitors, involving their families in tree planting activities in the area, and suggesting to community leaders or the LGU to develop policies and plans for the river's utilization, conservation, and protection, such as livelihood and ecotourism projects. With of the participants' proximity to the river, they pledge their full support for river protection if the community is led by someone. A conservation model was developed in collaboration with the local government, academia, and the community.</p> Aylene D. Pizaña, (MAEd), Blanca A. Alejandro, (EdD) Copyright (c) 2021 Wed, 05 May 2021 00:00:00 +0000 CULTIVATING RESEARCH CULTURE: CAPACITY BUILDING PROGRAM TOWARD INITIATIVES TO IMPROVE TEACHERS SELF-EFFICACY, RESEARCH ANXIETY AND RESEARCH ATTITUDE <p>The teaching<br>learning process is built on evidence based practice. Teachers must consider the research foundations in order to apply evidence based practice effectively. According to previous results, only a few teachers at the school participate in action research. It suggests that the school's research culture has not yet been completely accepted, despite the fact that it is being promoted which is articulated on the training needs assessment indicate that teachers need a lot of training in doing action research. On these premises, a study was carried out to assess the effectiveness of capacity building program toward initiati ves to improve the teacher’s self efficacy, research anxiety and research attitude. It employed descriptive evaluative research design. It administered likert questionnaires to 50 teachers. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The results revealed that most of the teacher respondent s are Technology Livelihood Education Teachers with a 6 10 years of teaching in the public school and bachelor’s degree holder. More so, teachers have high research self efficacy, low anxiety, and high positive attitude toward conducting action research. Notably, Teacher<br>described the capacity building program towards research initiative in conducting action research as highly effective. However, the level of the research culture index of the schoo l were fair which the scored below 80%. It showed that significant relationship between research self efficacy, research anxiety, and research attitude and the profile of novice teachers researchers.Similarly, there was a statistically significant assoc iation between research self efficacy,research anxiety, and research attitude among novice teachers researchers. When novice teachers researchers are categorized according to profile, there is a substantial gap in the evaluation of research self effi cacy, research anxiety, and research attitude. This study recommended to adapt these capacity building program in the division level to help the teacher raise their level of capability in research.</p> Resty C. Samosa Copyright (c) 2021 Wed, 05 May 2021 00:00:00 +0000 EVOLUTIONARY DEVELOPMENT OF PRIMARY MILITARIC PREPARATION IN UZBEKISTAN, PROSPECTIVE WAYS OF DEVELOPMENT AT THE MODERN STAGE <p>This article is devoted to a comprehensive overview of the evolutionary development of pre-service training in Uzbekistan and updates at the modern stage. In independent Uzbekistan, defending the homeland is the most honorable task and places a great responsibility on military education officials. Therefore, this subject is taught with special care. Military education has gone through several stages since independence. The history of the military is also discussed below.</p> Mirzaxamdamov U. A Copyright (c) 2021 Thu, 06 May 2021 00:00:00 +0000 PHRASEOLOGICAL UNITS OF EXPRESSION IN GERMAN AND UZBEK LANGUAGES <p>Phraseology is the most lively, vivid and original part of the vocabulary of a language. Phrase logical sky units, with their appropriate use, enliven and decorate speech, are an important building material of any language. The emergence of such units in the language is associated with the desire to more clearly to express what has already been expressed by other means. As I. I. Chernysheva emphasizes, “The development of phrase logical units goes along the line of creating stable phrases expressing emotionally rich characteristic of the qualities, properties, actions of the subject by phrase logical means properties of the language, i.e. based on the rethinking of variable phrases with the most apt for a given concepts in the manner”.</p> Tadjiboyeva Shoxsanam Rasulbekovna Copyright (c) 2021 Thu, 06 May 2021 00:00:00 +0000 THE IMPORTANCE OF LEARNING CULTURE WITHIN A LANGUAGE <p>The problem of interaction of languages and cultures is considered. The combination of various approaches to the study of this issue makes it possible to determine the key features of the language in the context of active intercultural interaction. The author turns to an actively developing area - the study of the influence of language on the way of thinking of a native speaker.</p> Sadriddin Khamrayev Bozorovich Copyright (c) 2021 Thu, 06 May 2021 00:00:00 +0000 A BRIEF EVOLUTIONARY DEVELOPMENT OF THE CREDIT-MODULAR SYSTEM AND THE TASKS OF THE PHASED TRANSITION PROCESS OF MILITARY EDUCATION IN THE REPUBLIC OF UZBEKISTAN <p>In this article, the issues of the brief evolutionary development of the credit-modular system and the tasks of the phased process of the transition of military education of the Republic of Uzbekistan, along with improving the quality of military education, are raised in the article, the methods of planning the process of military training and monitoring are successfully expressed.<br>The article is intended for the leaders and teaching staff of the Faculty of Military Training and for employees associated with the activities of military education.</p> Sotvoldiev Abdulhoshim Yuldashovich, Qobilov N. M Copyright (c) 2021 Thu, 06 May 2021 00:00:00 +0000 MORPHOLOGY AND BIOLOGY OF HYACINTH GROWING IN SURKHANDARYA REGION <p>In medicine, plant organs containing biologically active substances that have a positive effect on the human body are used. Usually the roots, leaves, bark, flowers, fruits and other parts of plants are used as medicinal products. The resin-juice of the rhubarb plant we are trying to think of is mainly used in medicine. The article describes its types and features.</p> Salohiddinova Maftuna Kholmamat qizi Copyright (c) 2021 Tue, 11 May 2021 00:00:00 +0000 DESIGN CHANGE OF A DETAIL AND ADDITION OF A USEFUL ELEMENT <p>This article is written about the design of details used in the construction industry, how they can be used in different places. The article provides information on details, installation of structures. Sequences and techniques in the field of application of details are described.</p> Tanjarova Rano Akramovna, Dosmetov Saidaxmet Gulmetovich, Elchiboev Kamoliddin Zayniddin ugli Copyright (c) 2021 Thu, 13 May 2021 00:00:00 +0000