Galaxy International Interdisciplinary Research Journal <p><strong>Galaxy International Interdisciplinary Research Journal (GIIRJ) </strong>is a monthly peer reviewed international journal. The international interdisciplinary journal publishes the articles in various disciplines. We invite authors to submit the original research papers for the current issue of our journal. GIIRJ is started with the vision of providing the platform to the researchers in 2013 and providing the services with best quality paper publications in the areas not limited Sciences, Humanities, Economics, Finance, Engineering, History, Educational Advancements, Tourism and physical sciences. </p> <p><strong>A PEER REVIEWED REFEREED MONTHLY E-JOURNAL</strong></p> <p><strong>(ALL SUBJECT ONLINE MONTHLY JOURNAL)</strong></p> <ul> <li><strong>ISSN (E):</strong> 2347-6915</li> </ul> <ul> <li> <p><strong>SJIF Impact Factor 2022</strong>: 7.718</p> <p> : 2021: 7.472</p> <p> : 2020: 6.914<br /> : 2019: 6.519<br /> : 2018: 5.723<br /> : 2017: 5.604</p> </li> </ul> <ul> <li><strong>Submission Date :</strong> Open</li> <li><strong>Publication Date :</strong> Within 48 Hours </li> </ul> <p><strong>Send your Manuscripts to:</strong></p> en-US Fri, 04 Nov 2022 12:32:31 +0000 OJS 60 IMPLEMENTATION OF INNOVATION AND DIGITAL TECHNOLOGIES IN THE INFORMATION EDUCATION ENVIRONMENT <p>Digital economy is a system of implementation of economic, social and cultural relations based on the use of digital technologies. It can sometimes be referred to as the internet economy, the new economy, or the web economy.</p> Manzura Ibragimovna Azizova Copyright (c) 2022 Manzura Ibragimovna Azizova Fri, 04 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 БЕДНОСТЬ, КАК СОЦИАЛЬНО-ЭКОНОМИЧЕСКАЯ ПРОБЛЕМА, И ПУТИ ЕЕ РЕШЕНИЯ В РЕСПУБЛИКЕ УЗБЕКИСТАНЕ <p>Poverty as an economic phenomenon has become a factor of destabilization and, in some cases, a brake on the economic and social development of countries and regions of the world. The problem of poverty is becoming the subject of research by many domestic and international experts.</p> Л.У.Акбарова Copyright (c) 2022 Fri, 04 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 THE IMPORTANCE OF CRITICAL READING FOR ACADEMIC PURPOSE OF THE LANGUAGE WITH ANALYZING PISA TESTS <p>Critical reading is one of requirements to develop productive skills. Critical reading is evidence about accurate, valid or new ideas about today’s life and also it is a skill that serves to develop productive skills of language learners. This literature review is concerned on exposing ideas about the importance of Critical reading with examples of PISA tests.</p> Obidova Shakhodat Botirovna Copyright (c) 2022 Fri, 04 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 DESCRIPTION OF THE CONTENTS OF THE UZBEK LANGUAGE DICTIONARY FROM THE MEANING ASPECT <p>This article explains the classification of Uzbek vocabulary in terms of meaning based on examples.</p> Tagaynazarova Raxima Axmatovna, Ximmatova O`g`iloy Ne`mat qizi Copyright (c) 2022 Fri, 04 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 SPORTCHILARNI MUSOBAQA SHAROITIDA PSIXOLOGIK TAYYORLASHNING PEDAGOGIK AHAMIYATI <p>Ma'lumki, ko'plab murabbiylarimiz turli sabablarga ko'ra texnik, taktik, kuch mashqlarini bajarishsa ham, psixologiya ustida ishlamaydi. Buning asl sababi ko`pchilik trenerlarimiz boshqa fanlar bo‘yicha ozmi-ko‘pmi bilimga ega bo‘lsalar-da, psixologiya fanini yaxshi o`zlashtirmagan. Shuning uchun ham ular tashqaridan yordam olishi yoki maxsus mutaxassis bilan ishlash kerak. Biroq, ko'pincha bu masala hech qachon kun tartibiga kiritilmaydi va o'rganilmaydi.</p> Sarvar Bahodirov Sirojiddinovich Copyright (c) 2022 Fri, 04 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 ДИДАКТИЧЕСКИЙ РАЗДАТОЧНЫЙ МАТЕРИАЛ - ОСНОВНОЕ СРЕДСТВО РЕАЛИЗАЦИИ СОВРЕМЕННЫХ ПЕДАГОГИЧЕСКИХ ТЕХНОЛОГИЙ <p>В статье рассматриваются возможности процесса использования раздаточного материала на уроках русского языка, теоретические аспекты его применения, эффективные педагогические условия, которые способствуют оптимизации процесса обучения русскому языку.</p> Гиясова Нигора Нажметдиновна, Юсупова Нигора Мухамеджановна Copyright (c) 2022 Sat, 05 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 CASES OF LIBERALIZING PUNISHMENT IN JUDICIAL LAW REFORMS IN UZBEKISTAN <p>In the article, the importance of judicial reforms in the period of changes taking place in our country, further modernization of society, building a civil society based on the rule of law is analyzed with the help of information from scientific literature.</p> Rustamjon Imamov Copyright (c) 2022 Sat, 05 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 СОВРЕМЕННЫЕ ТЕНДЕНЦИИ И ПРОБЛЕМЫ РАЗВИТИЯ ИНВЕСТИЦИОННЫХ ПРОЦЕССОВ В МЕТАЛЛУРГИЧЕСКОЙ ОТРАСЛИ <p>В данной статье отражены вопросы формирования инвестиционно-инновационной стратегии развития металлургической отрасли. Изложены основные направления инвестиционной политики республики. Также в работе рассмотрен сырьевой потенциал металлургической отрасли республики, в частности черной металлургии.</p> Абдуллаева Матлуба Нематовна Copyright (c) 2022 Sat, 05 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 ISSUES ОF LEGАL REGULАTIОN ОF INTERNАTIОNАL SHIPPING RELАTIОNS IN RАILWАY TRАNSPОRT <p>The Republic оf Uzbekistаn is оne оf the cоuntries with develоped trаnspоrt cоmmunicаtiоns. Аt the sаme time, further develоpment оf this sectоr аnd rаising the level оf efficiency tо new levels will ensure the strengthening оf ecоnоmic, scientific-technicаl, culturаl cооperаtiоn оf оur cоuntry with fоreign cоuntries, integrаtiоn intо the wоrld ecоnоmic system, аnd mоre significаnt results in delivering cаrgо аnd pаssengers tо their destinаtiоns.</p> F. B. Shаkirоvа, N. X. Gilyаzitdinоvа Copyright (c) 2022 Sat, 05 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 FОREIGN EXPERIENCE ОF USING PUBLIC-PRIVАTE PАRTNERSHIP MECHАNISMS IN THE DEVELОPMENT ОF RАILWАY TRАNSPОRT <p>In eаch cоuntry, stаte bоdies аnd legаl dоcuments hаve been creаted nоt оnly fоr the purpоse оf mоnitоring the prоjects implemented оn the bаsis оf PPP, but аlsо fоr the further develоpment оf this directiоn аnd the prоtectiоn оf the rights аnd legаl interests оf investоrs, tо increаse their cоnfidence. In pаrticulаr, in 1899, fоr the first time in histоry, the Center fоr the Develоpment оf PPP аnd the Аgency fоr the Develоpment оf Nаtiоnаl Finаncing were estаblished in Englаnd. The mаin tаsk оf the аgency is tо mоbilize funds fоr PPP prоjects аnd аdvise the ministry аnd оther аgencies.</p> F. B. Shаkirоvа, Х. Y. Dоniyоrbekоv Copyright (c) 2022 Sat, 05 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 EVACUATION OF CITIZENS AND PROVIDING FIRST AID TO AFFECTED PATIENTS IN THE EVENT OF MAN-MADE ACCIDENTS AT CHEMICAL PLANTS <p>To learn what color is produced when Cl2, NH3, Hydrozin and other toxic substances are produced, what shape and color cloud is formed, and where people should go when there is an accident in chemical industry technologies, i.e. during the production of Cl2, NH3, Hydrogen and other toxic substances.</p> Z. A. Nurova, Qilichev Ibrohim Fayzullayevich, Baymanov G’olib Shokir o’g’li, Qilichev Jasurbek Fayzullayevich, Qobulov Boburbek Dilshodbek o’g’li Copyright (c) 2022 Sat, 05 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 THE ROLE OF THE WAQF PRACTICE IN FINANCING THE SOCIAL SECTOR <p>This article focuses on the development of the financial sector, the use of foundation practices in the harmonization of human and social development. The specifics of Islamic social finance are also analyzed. In addition, the requirements and benefits of waqf practice, the establishment of a waqf fund and their use in providing social assistance to the population are given.</p> Bobur Valiyev, Firuz Abdullayev Copyright (c) 2022 Sat, 05 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 ORGANIZING LECTURE ACTIVITIES EFFECTIVELY IN FOREIGN LANGUAGES <p>This article deals with the issue how to increase the efficiency of teaching German language. It also describes innovative methods and ways of teaching German during lecture classes. In order to identify the main components, which are necessary for the implementation of this model of teaching students in a foreign language, the possibilities of expanding the powers of professors in the issues of modern teaching methods are highlighted</p> Y. U. Abdurazzokov Copyright (c) 2022 Sat, 05 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 ОСОБЕННОСТИ КОМПЛЕКСНОЙ ОЧИСТКИ СТОЧНЫХ ВОД ТЕКСТИЛЬНЫХ ПРЕДПРИЯТИЙ <p>Исследование посвящено изучению адсорбционных характеристик различных типов композиционных коадсорбентов-коагулянтов-флокулянтов в сочетании с полиалюминия хлоридом (оксихлоридом алюминия) с органическим полимером.</p> М. М. Aмoнoвa, Амонова Матлуба Мухтаровна Copyright (c) 2022 Sat, 05 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 CREATING A FAVORABLE INVESTMENT ENVIRONMENT TO ATTRACT FOREIGN INVESTMENTS INTO ECONOMIC NETWORKS IN UZBEKISTAN <p>This article provides analytical information on creating a favorable investment environment for attracting foreign investment in the sectors of the economy of Uzbekistan.</p> Ahmedova Feruza Khakimovna Copyright (c) 2022 Sat, 05 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 PROBLEMS OF ALTERNATIVE CHOICE OF SEVERAL METHODS IN THE PROCESS OF TEACHING ENGLISH <p>English has its advantages in communication, without which is impossible to imagine a full-fledged international dialogue.</p> Bobokulova Shakhnoza Bakhriddinovna Copyright (c) 2022 Sat, 05 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 MUSICAL AND PEDAGOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF THE ART OF DASTAN <p>The article deals with such issues as the history, types, forms and content of folk epics, ancient and modern schools of epics, their repertoire, traditions and styles of performance, outstanding creators and performers, harmony of poetry, melody and musical accompaniment in the names of epics, their promotion on a national and international scale (festivals and competitions). It is also based on the fact that the art of the epic has a high pedagogical potential as an incomparable spiritual treasure, its collection and classification of bright samples, integration into the consciousness of young students, by studying on a scientific basis, plays an important role in fostering love for their people, Homeland, in the spirit of boundless respect for national musical traditions.</p> Kushaev Ilxom Axtamovich Copyright (c) 2022 Sat, 05 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 FEATURES OF MODERN SCIENCE <p>The responsibility of continuing the achievements gained due to independence, thinking about the intellectual potential of the country, successfully moving forward along the path of comprehensive development of society, strengthening its independence falls on the masses of today's creative (researchers). Therefore, the use of new machines, machines, methodologies, algorithms, models, computers, etc., created on the basis of the achievements of Science and Technology, Automatic control of their preparation and introduction into practice, requires great scientific training from people.</p> Usmonov Murod Sodiqovich Copyright (c) 2022 Sat, 05 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 APPROACHES AND METHODS OF TEACHING ENGLISH: ORAL APPROACH, SITUATIONAL LANGUAGE TEACHING AND AUDIO-SPEECH METHOD <p>Approaches and methods of teaching English, as well as any foreign language, are currently constantly being reflected and rethought due to the fact that the very understanding of the nature of the language, the ways of learning it, is changing, as well as in response to the growing demand of educational institutions around the world for more effective curricula.</p> Khotamova Maftuna Madatovna Copyright (c) 2022 Sat, 05 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 SCIENCE AND ITS SOCIETY ROLE IN DEVELOPMENT <p>It is known that at all stages of the development of society, the development of Science and technology of that time, as well as the regular consumption of their results, played an important role, and even sometimes, they took place in the revolutionary nature of the development of Science and technology. About this we are witnesses of the” Stone Age“,” Bronze Age“, ”transformation of energy from one species to another“, ”Atomic Age“,” Age towards an informed society“,” intellectual age " and visible evidence.</p> Usmanov Murad Sadigovich Copyright (c) 2022 Sat, 05 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 "DISTRIBUTED PROCESSING MODELS AND ALGORITHMS OF SENSOR DATA" <p>In this article, models and algorithms for distributed processing of Sensor data were extensively covered. Wireless sensors and sensor platforms have been revealed.</p> Annazarova Barno Rustamovna, Otajonova Gulhayo Maqsud's Daughter, Madirimova Saodatjon Madirimovna Copyright (c) 2022 Sat, 05 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 COMPUTER NETWORKS AND THEIR BASIC CONCEPTS <p>This article describes the types of regional support of computer networks, the importance of files in the computer program, the relationship between user and computer, file-server and client-server differences and their basic classifications. This article also covers the principles of network interconnection.</p> Madirimova Saodatjon Madirimovna, Annazarova Barno Rustamovna, Otajonova Gulhayo Maqsud's daughter Copyright (c) 2022 Sat, 05 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 KREATIV YONDASHUV VA UNING INNOVATSION FAOLIYATDAGI AHAMIYATI <p>Mazkur maqolada o’qituvchining kreativ yondashuv va uning innovatsion faoliayt haqida so’z borib, ularni amaliyotga tadbiq etish to’g’risida fikr-mulohazalar bildirilgan.</p> Jumayeva M. Copyright (c) 2022 Sat, 05 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 MAIN DIRECTIONS OF INCREASING THE ATTRACTIVENESS OF THE INVESTMENT ENVIRONMENT IN OUR COUNTRY <p>The article examines the views of the world's leading scholars on the attractiveness of the investment climate in Uzbekistan and its evaluation, the factors determining the investment attractiveness of the regions, the Doing Business Index and the Economic Freedom Index, and compares them with many other countries. Recommendations have been developed and recommendations for implementation in our country have been made.</p> Rakhmatullayev Bobir Chorshamiyevich Copyright (c) 2022 Sat, 05 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 SPORTCHI PSIXOLOGIK SALOMATLIGIGA TA’SIR ETUVCHI OMILLAR <p>Mazkur maqola sportchi psixologik salomatligini yaxshilash hamda sportchining psixologik ta’lim va ruhiy holatlariga ta’sir etuvchi omillar bo‘yicha ilmiy tadqiqotlarning tavsiyalari ifodalangan. Shuningdek, maqolada mazkur masala yuzasidan muallif tomonidan shakllantirilgan ilmiy taklif va amaliy tavsiyalar ham o‘z ifodasini topgan.</p> Raxmatjonov Shoxjahon Dilshodbek o‘g‘li Copyright (c) 2022 Sat, 05 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 THE ROLE AND BIOLOGICAL SIGNIFICANCE OF THE LYMPHATIC SYSTEM IN THE HUMAN ORGANISM <p>This article is about the role of the lymph node, which is a part of the lymphatic system, in the human body. It is about the morphology, histology and physiology of the lymph node and its function, which can be clearly seen in the human body.</p> Ochilov Himoyiddin Olimovich, Mingturayev Dilshod Karimovich, Qarshiyev Ulug’bek G’ayrat o’g’li Copyright (c) 2022 Sat, 05 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 MODERN METHODS OF TEACHING ENGLISH <p>The world has changed markedly in recent decades, and the knowledge of foreign languages is becoming an urgent need in it, and English, as you know, is one of the most frequently studied. And the more people who want to study it, the more new methods appear, so everyone can find the best solution for themselves. Methodology in a general sense means a set of means and methods of teaching. One prefers to learn on his own, the other is more comfortable with outside help and control, not to mention how the program for teaching children at home, in kindergarten or at school is built. The article analyzes the possibilities of using modern methods in the process of teaching a foreign language. The main classifications of methods are carried out, allowing the most effective help in teaching English.</p> Mirkhodjayeva Mahliyo Islamovna, Bobokulova Gulrukh Sharipovna Copyright (c) 2022 Sat, 05 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 YOSH OILALARNING IJTIMOIY VA PSIXOLOGIK MUAMMOLARI <p>Ushbu maqolada yosh oilalarning oilaviy hayotlarini barqarorlashtirishda yosh kelin-kuyovlarning oilaviy hayotga biologik, ijtimoiy, psixologik, iqtisodiy, huquqiy, ma’naviy, a’loqiy jihatdan yetukliklari, shaxslararo munosabatlar psixologiyasining o’ziga xos sir-asrorlarini o’rganganliklari, emotsional hissiy munosabatlarning xususiyatlarini bilishlari muhim ahamiyatga ega. CHunki, oilaning mustahkamligi ko’p jihatdan oila qurayotgan yoshlarning oilaviy hayotga qay darajada tayyor ekanligiga bog’liq. SHuning uchun oilaviy hayot zaminida yuzaga keladigan noxush hodisalarning oldini olish, oilalar buzilishining oldini olish va noto’liq oilalar miqdorini kamaytirish, ularda har tomonlama sog’lom psixologik iqlimni yuzaga keltirish borasida amalga oshiriladigan ishlarning samaradorligi shu oilalarni yuzaga keltirayotgan yoshlarning shaxsiga, individual psixologik xususiyatlariga, ularning oilaviy hayotlarini maqsadga muvofiq ravishda tashkil etishga qay darajada tayyor ekanliklariga bog’liqdir.</p> N. X. Djuxonova, Z. Ergasheva Copyright (c) 2022 Sat, 05 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 TUXUM YO’NALISHIDAGI TOVUQ TUXUMLARINI INKUBATSIYA JARAYONIGA TAYYORLASH <p>Ushbu maqolada tuxum yo’nalishidagi urug’langan tuxumlarni inkubatorga qo’yishdan avvalgi tadbirlar va tuxumlarni sifat ko’rsatgichlari bo’yicha baholash mezonlari keltirilgan.</p> A.X.Xolmatov, H.T.Hasanov Copyright (c) 2022 Sat, 05 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 HOZIRGI KUNDA ROBOTOTEXNIKADA QILINGAN VA QILINAYOTGAN ISHLAR <p>Ushbu maqolada hozirgi kunda robototexnikalarning amalga oshirayotgan ishlari haqida, robototexnika qachon, qayerda paydo bo`lgani haqida, u kim tomonidan yaratilgani haqida, uni foydali tomonlari haqida so`z boradi.</p> Isoqova Muxlisa Faxriddin qizi Copyright (c) 2022 Sat, 05 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 ANALYSIS OF THE INVESTMENT ACTIVITY OF THE JOINT-STOCK COMPANY "UZBEKENERGO" IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF OUR ECONOMY <p>This article covers information on the indicators of the analysis of the investment activities of the joint-stock company "Uzbekenergo" in the development of our economy.</p> F. K. Saidova Copyright (c) 2022 Sat, 05 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 DEVELOPMENT OF ASSESSMENT CRITERIA FOR STUDENTS STRATEGIC COMPETENCE IN SPEAKING ENGLISH LANGUAGE <p>The problem of assessing the strategic competence of students in the English language speaking. The components of the strategic competence of students, a number of factors, which influences the speaker's strategic behavior. The scales that are widely are used to assess speech competence in speaking in accordance with its strategic aspect. The key features of the assessment of strategic speaking are indicated, suggested cognitive, communicative, expedient and educational-compensatory assessment, criteria, strategic competence with their corresponding indicators.</p> Kaharova Shahlo Shaydilloevna Copyright (c) 2022 Sat, 05 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 FEATURES OF EVALUATING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF ACTIVITIES AT THE BUKHARA STATE UNIVERSITY <p>This article presents an analysis of practical data on the features of evaluating the effectiveness of the Bukhara State University.</p> Shodiev Alisher Khudoynazarovich Copyright (c) 2022 Sat, 05 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 TO`G`RI OVATLANISH ME`YORLARI <p>Ushbu maqolada to`gri ovqatlanish me`yorlari haqida, sog`lom turmush tarzi haqida, sabzavotlardan ko`proq iste`mol qilish tanadagi oshiqcha bakteriya va infeksiyalardan himoya qilishi haqida, oziq-ovqatlar tarkibidagi oqsillar, yog‘lar, uglevodlar, vitaminlar, mineral moddalar va suv bir-biriga mutanosib ravishda bo‘lishi kerakligi haqida so`z boradi</p> Xidirov Ne`mat Corshanbiyevich, Radjabov Zakir Narmuratovich, Kiyomov Ihtiyor Ergashovich Copyright (c) 2022 Sat, 05 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 PEDAGOGICAL STRUCTURES OF EMOTIONALITY THE ORIGINS OF MUSIC <p>This article attempts to show that one of the origins of the emotionality of musical art is its ability to model the essential properties of an emotional phenomenon in the sound itself. As a methodological basis for the study of this problem, we have chosen the concepts of classical psychologists - the unified theory of mental processes by L.M. Vekker and the theory of emotions by V. Wundt.</p> Kayumov Ibrahim Fayzullayevich Copyright (c) 2022 Sat, 05 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 THE MAIN TASKS OF TOXICOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY <p>Humanity coexists in the modern world with natural disasters, man-made catastrophes, labor activities, and other incidental incidents that happen in daily home life. Additionally, criminal and suicide instances with an unidentified chemical cause do occur. In these circumstances, it is important to explain and assess the events that occurred utilizing, among other sciences, the achievements of toxicological chemistry. This article will discuss the emergence, significant developments in toxicological chemistry, the physiological changes brought on by exposure to hazardous substances, the underlying causes, and the various categories of toxic substances.</p> Sh. Sh. Obloqulov Copyright (c) 2022 Sat, 05 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 ОИЛАДА ВА ФАРЗАНД ТАРБИЯСИДА МАЪНАВИЙ ҚАДРИЯТЛАРНИНГ АҲАМИЯТИ <p>Мақолада оиладаги фарзанд тарбиясида ва маънавий қадриятларнинг аҳамияти тўрисида фикр юритилган. Фарзанд тарбиясида оилада ота-онанинг намунаси тўғрисидаги фикрлар, оиладаги соғлом турмуш тарзининг ижобий таъсири ҳақидаги фикрлар келтирилган. Фарзанд тарбиясида маънавий қадриятларнинг аҳамияти ҳам батафсил ёритиб берилган.</p> О. А. Шарипова, Анваржонова Севинчхон Замонжон қизи Copyright (c) 2022 Sat, 05 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 ОСОБЕННОСТИ ПРЕПОДАВАНИЯ РУССКОГО ЯЗЫКА КАК ИНОСТРАННОГО В УЗБЕКИСТАНЕ <p>В статье рассматривается важность включения инновационных методов в процесс обучения русскому языку В УЗБЕКИСТАНЕ. Ставится вопрос о том, что главным в обучении русскому языку является функциональный принцип обучения, а упор делается на коммуникативную компетентность учащихся. Речь идет об интенсивном поиске новых подходов, форм и инновационных методов обучения русскому языку, где директивная модель обучения заменяется более продуктивной и личностно-ориентированной интерактивной моделью.</p> Абдурашидова Нозима Абдурахмон кизи Copyright (c) 2022 Sat, 05 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 ВОПРОСЫ УГОЛОВНО-ПРАВОВОГО РЕГУЛИРОВАНИЯ ЛЕГАЛИЗАЦИИ ДОХОДОВ, ПОЛУЧЕННЫХ ОТ ПРЕСТУПНОЙ ДЕЯТЕЛЬНОСТИ, И СОВЕРШЕНСТВОВАНИЯ ПРАВООХРАНИТЕЛЬНОЙ ДЕЯТЕЛЬНОСТИ ТАМОЖЕННЫХ ОРГАНОВ В БОРЬБЕ С ЭТИМИ ПРЕСТУПЛЕНИЯМИ <p>В статье анализируются осуществляемые в Республике Узбекистан экономические реформы, в частности направленные на либерализацию валютного рынка, вопросы ответственности в уголовном законодательстве Республики Узбекистан и зарубежных стран за преступления по легализации доходов, полученных от преступной деятельности. Также рассмотрена криминалистическая характеристика данного преступления. В частности, легализация доходов, полученных от преступной деятельности, является широко распространенным преступлением и относится в основном к латентным преступлениям. Как показал анализ, методы совершения этих преступлений постоянно меняются, усложняются, используются лазейки в законодательстве и различные криминальные схемы. Данная преступная деятельность постоянно связана с региональными, национальными и глобальными рынками, в том числе с теми рынками, деятельность которых запрещена. Преступные группы активно диверсифицируют свою деятельность и создают свое окружение. Это означает, что их трудно идентифицировать и разоблачить. Кроме того, проанализирован зарубежный опыт и существующие международные стандарты борьбы с этими преступлениями, также представлены некоторые предложения по роли таможенных органов в противодействии легализации доходов, полученных от преступной деятельности, а также по повышению эффективности уголовно-правового регулирования данного деяния и совершенствованию правоохранительной деятельности таможенных органов.</p> Ачилов Алишер Темирович Copyright (c) 2022 Sat, 05 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 ЎКУВЧИЛАРНИНГ АКЛИЙ ФАОЛИЯТИНИ ВА ДУНЁКАРАШИНИ ШАКЛЛАНТИРИШ <p>Ушбу маколада талабаларнинг илмий ва аклий дунёкарашини шакллантириш хакида, ижобий эмоционал ҳолат талабаларни илм чўққиларини эгаллашга ундаши хакида, Ўқитувчининг билим савиясидан тортиб, муомаласигача талабаларда ишонч уйғота олса маълум натижага эришила олиш мумкинлиги хакида сўз боради.</p> Шеранова Марям Базарбаевна Copyright (c) 2022 Sat, 05 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 PEDAGOGICAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF THE MODERN INFORMATIONAL INFORMATION ENVIRONMENT <p>The system of spiritual and moral qualities of high school students is analytically studied in the modern information environment, and the factors for the development of spiritual and moral qualities in students are determined. A software criterion was developed to determine the formation of the spiritual and moral qualities of the 10-11th grade students, and the state of availability was determined in the pilot test with the students.</p> Norboy Safarov Copyright (c) 2022 Sun, 06 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 PROPOSING AN HMM-BASED APPROACH TO DETECT METAMORPHIC MALWARE <p>Previous research has shown that hidden Markov model (HMM) is a compelling option for malware identification. However, some advanced metamorphic malware have proven to be more challenging to detect with these techniques. In this paper, we separated the importance of the some part of the malware files to train the HMMs aiming at extracting the significant sequences of malware opcodes. These parts have been deemed important according to their dissimilarity to the benign files, as all parts of a malware file are not representative of the malicious nature. Extracting these parts has been performed using the methods similar to sound processing. The results demonstrate that the proposed method has the higher accuracy to the metamorphic malware detection and also has the higher speed at classification, compared to the previous methods</p> Abdumuminov Abdurafiq Abdurashidovich , Ibragimov Jalaliddin Obidjon o'g'li , Shoraimov Khusanboy Uktamboyevich Copyright (c) 2022 Mon, 07 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 MECHANISMS FOR IMPROVING THE EFFICIENCY OF FAMILY BUSINESSES IN THE DIGITAL ECONOMY <p>In the article, the opinions about the socio-economic side of the development of family entrepreneurship in the conditions of the digital economy, the role and importance of family entrepreneurship in the national economy, as well as the ways to develop and increase the efficiency of family entrepreneurship are expressed, and also the statistics are given.</p> Shadiyeva Gulnora Mardiyevna, Egamova Dinora Anvarovna Copyright (c) 2022 Mon, 07 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 USING COLLABORATIVE LEARNING TECHNOLOGIES IN DRAWING LESSONS <p>The article contains recommendations for future teachers of fine arts and drawing on the use of new pedagogical technologies in the organization of lessons and their application to the lesson process.</p> Boburmirzo Bakhodir ugli Kokiyev Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 08 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 THE PROCESS OF INTEGRATING THE ACTIVITIES OF THE TEACHER IN THE DESIGN OF MOTHER TONGUE EDUCATION <p>In this article we are talking about how, in order to design the creative activity of students when teaching their native language, from the point of view of a teacher applying creative design, the following concepts are interrelated and subordinated: teacher and textbook, teacher and teaching materials, teacher and visual aids, student and textbook, student and teaching material, student and visual aids, from the point of view of the leading activity of the teacher engaged in designing during the lessons, the teacher and the project, the teacher and the student, the teacher and the student's attachments, the student and the teaching materials. Project activity should be considered as part of the professional competence of a teacher, which represents the unity of theoretical and practical training for the implementation of pedagogical activity and characterizes professional quality.</p> Aziza Khusenova Copyright (c) 2022 Wed, 09 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 XXI CENTURY UZBEK THEATRE ART: PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS <p>This article describes the specific features of theatre art, its history and 21st century Uzbek theatre art information is provided. Theatre art life, dramatic behavior of events, various struggles and conflicts, inner experiences in actions, the actor reflects through his performance. It relies on the play or libretto written by the writer.</p> Ochilova Kamola Ilhom kizi Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 10 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 USE OF INTERACTIVE TEACHING METHODS IN THE FORMATION OF STUDENTS' CREATIVE ABILITIES <p>The article describes the concept of creativity, interactive methods, interactive teaching methods and technologies, an interactive educational process aimed at developing creative abilities, pedagogical conditions, practical development and improvement of cognitive knowledge, the formation of students’ creative abilities.</p> Abdukadirova Shakhnoza Gafurovna, Akhrarova Nigora Sabirovna Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 10 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 THEORETICAL ISSUES OF INCREASING TEACHING EFFICIENCY BASED ON MODERN ADVANCED PEDAGOGICAL TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRIMARY CLASS <p>How a person grows up in the future depends on the knowledge and upbringing he received in his youth. Good education and high spirituality will deliver a perfect person to the society. In this, the role of the teacher is incomparable. Taking this into account, this article provides information on the theoretical issues of increasing the effectiveness of education based on modern advanced pedagogical technologies in primary school.</p> Abdullayeva Barno Sayfutdinova, Aliyev Nurillo Abdiqayumovich Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 10 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 DIGITALIZATION OF THE TRAVEL INDUSTRY - STATISTICS & FACTS: AN EXAMINATION OF UZBEKISTAN <p>Until two decades, virtual business had been seen a lot of across utmost diligence worldwide. business and trip trade is not any elision, with the event of the online business request and raising consumer need for virtual business services. on- line| the web| the net? trip request includes enterprises like on-line trip agencies (OTAs) – which allow excursionists to bespeak trip services autonomously on- ine – and trip review websites. Meanwhile, guests are trying to search out further digital gests once traveling. These can embody opinions like virtual tenures of a asked destination or accommodation, inversely as mobile integration results, like mistreatment associate app to search out new tourer lodestones or appearance to a chamber. As computable by Statista's Digital Market Outlook, the worldwide profit of mobile apps inside the trip section rose by thirty pool ball in 2021 over the former time, amounting to 296 million U.S. dollars. The coronavirus (COVID- 19) epidemic could in addition play a crucial part in quick the medical care of this sector, with social distancing and hygiene problems making guests bay to use digital rather than in- person services. throughout this respect, a September 2021 study set up that roughly four in ten surveyed trippers worldwide indicated contactless mobile payments among the foremost technologies to increase trip confidence.</p> Azimov Ulugbek, Tadjieva Sayyorakhon Uralovna, Suzanna Lamria Siregar Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 10 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 INTERACTIVE METHODS OF STUDYING THE RUSSIAN LANGUAGE AS A MEANS OF FORMING LANGUAGE COMPETENCE OF NON-LINGUISTIC UNIVERSITY STUDENTS <p>The article attempts to analyze the use of advanced forms and methods that are used by teachers of foreign languages in relation to the formation of students' speech competencies in the educational process. The features and specifics of the use of interactive methods of teaching a foreign language in higher educational institutions are considered. The expediency of using interactive methods is considered, which allow making classes more diverse, enabling students to demonstrate speech independence, to realize communication skills and speech skills. The expediency of using interactive methods focused on the activation of students' creative thinking is proved.</p> Atamukhamedova Gozal Sabirdjanovna Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 10 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 CONTRIBUTIONS OF CREATIVE INTELLECTUALS IN THE FIELD OF SCIENCE TO THE FIELD OF EDUCATION IN THE YEARS OF INDEPENDENCE <p>Since ancient times, all fields of science, especially astronomy, mathematics, medicine, chemistry, architecture, mineralogy, philosophy, music, linguistics, and literature have been developed in Central Asia, especially in Uzbekistan. Nowadays, scientists of Uzbekistan have enriched the scientific heritage created by their ancestors.</p> Bokiyev Bakhrom Uktamovich Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 10 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 THEME: : PROCESSING OF AUDIO AND VIDEO RECORDINGS <p>Video and audio signals are processed and transferred in different ways depending on how the converter is being used or configured. A better understanding of how the switch processes these signals will help you achieve the output you need.</p> Yangiboyeva Mushtariybonu Shoymardon qizi Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 10 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 THE EFFECT OF UNEMPLOYMENT ON THE ECONOMIC SECURITY OF THE COUNTRY AND MEASURES TO PREVENT IT <p>In this article, employment indicators and unemployment indicators in the Republic of Uzbekistan are highlighted based on the information of the State Statistics Committee of the Republic of Uzbekistan. In addition, this article includes the sets of measures taken by our government to reduce the unemployment rate and increase the employment rate in the country.</p> Safarov G’iyosiddin Abdullayevich, Zokirjon Bahodirov Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 10 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 ENDOCRINE GLANDS AND DISEASES IN THE CIS <p>A plethora of hormones regulate many of the body’s functions, including growth and development, metabolism, electrolyte balances, and reproduction. Numerous glands throughout the body produce hormones. The hypothalamus produces several releasing and inhibiting hormones that act on the pituitary gland, stimulating the release of pituitary hormones. Of the pituitary hormones, several act on other glands located in various regions of the body, whereas other pituitary hormones directly affect their target organs. Other hormone-producing glands throughout the body include the adrenal glands, which primarily produce cortisol; the gonads (i.e., ovaries and testes), which produce sex hormones; the thyroid, which produces thyroid hormone; the parathyroid, which produces parathyroid hormone; and the pancreas, which produces insulin and glucagon. Many of these hormones are part of regulatory hormonal cascades involving a hypothalamic hormone, one or more pituitary hormones, and one or more target gland hormones.</p> Xasanova Madina Qaxramon qizi, Abduraxmonova Lobar Nuriddin qizi Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 10 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 TAKAFUL IS AN INVESTMENT ACTIVITY <p>In this article, takaful is considered as an alternative to conventional insurance. Takaful is said to be an advantage over conventional insurance and the most alternative risk prevention option for many Muslim countries. An example of this is the vakala model of takaful.</p> Iskandarov Muhammadali, Umarov Alseit Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 10 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 THE USE OF INTERACTIVE LEARNING METHODS IN THE RUSSIAN LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE LESSONS <p>The paper analyzes the studies on the significance of interactive teaching methods in modern teaching practice. Attention is mainly paid to interactive learning technologies used to enhance student learning and cognitive activity in Russian language and literature classes. An analysis of recent works has shown that interactive teaching methods for younger students correspond more closely to the requirements of the new federal educational standards for primary education. It is argued that the relevance of their use in teaching and educational activities of secondary schools, their importance in shaping students' universal learning activities and the necessary competencies is proved. The specificity of interaction between teachers and students in the process of implementing interactive teaching methods is revealed, the pedagogical conditions for the success of such interaction are highlighted. The article on the example of the interactive method “Find your morpheme” reveals the features of the organization of cognitive activity of students in the process of interactive interaction between the teacher and students, as well as students among themselves.</p> Kosimova Dilfuza Kurganovna, Abdurakhmanova Sakhibaxon Abdusalamovna Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 10 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 METHODOLOGICAL-DIDACTIC PRINCIPLES OF FORMING THE CREATIVE ACTIVITY OF PRESCHOOL CHILDREN <p>Activities to develop the creative abilities of preschool children play an important role in the formation of the child's personality. All the studies conducted by scientists and psychologists in this field prove that children with creative abilities have a more stable spirit, communicate with them and have a friendly relationship.</p> Sadikova Zinnura, Urinova Feruza Uljayevna Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 10 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 MODERN APPROACHES TO PRESCHOOL EDUCATION SYSTEM IN THE NEW UZBEKISTAN <p>In our country, preschool education has become an integral part of the continuous education system. The development of this link of education, the formation of the child's intellectual personality, and the creation of educational services, are paying special attention to improving the quality level, which is the result of consistent reforms in the field. This article talks about the modern approach to the development of preschool education in the new Uzbekistan.</p> Norbotayeva Gozal Abdugofurovna Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 10 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 THE IMPORTANCE OF USING INTERACTIVE METHODS IN TEACHING THE RUSSIAN LANGUAGE IN THE HIGHER EDUCATION SYSTEM <p>The use of modern interactive teaching methods is a prerequisite for improving the process of teaching Russian as a foreign language in accordance with modern educational standards. The article presents some interactive methods and techniques that contribute to the development of students' competence.Arousing interest in your subject, maintaining student motivation, making the lesson interesting and effective in terms of mastering the material covered is not an easy task. However, there are many different pedagogical approaches to address this issue. Consider one of these methods - interactive learning.</p> Shoniyozova Sadokat Nazarovna Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 10 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 PSYCHOLINGUISTIC FACTORS OF SPEECH ACTIVITY OF CHILDREN <p>The article describes the psycholinguistic aspects of children's speech activity. Aspects of communicative behavior related to the national character, as well as views on its connection with human psychology and physiology, were assessed as an anthropocentric approach to the language system.</p> Alpanova Shirin Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 10 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 CURRENT TRENDS IN FORMATION OF URINARY SYSTEM DISEASES IN SCHOOL AGE CHILDREN AND FEATURES OF THEIR COURSE <p>In the complex treatment of acute and chronic kidney diseases in children, diet therapy plays an important role. High requirements are imposed on therapeutic nutrition, since the kidney is the main organ for the excretion of metabolic products that come with food and are formed as a result of the breakdown of body tissues, as well as the organ responsible for maintaining the constancy of the internal environment. Under certain conditions, it becomes necessary to correct in the diet of nutrients such as animal protein, gluten, oxalates, urates, phosphates, the metabolic products of which are excreted through the kidneys and affect not only the pathogenetic mechanisms of the development of the disease, but also participate in the formation of non-immune processes of progression disease to the stage of renal failure.</p> Tajieva Zebo Bahodirovna Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 10 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 INFLUENCE OF ROAD CONDITIONS ON CHANGES IN THE TECHNICAL CONDITION OF VEHICLES <p>In hot desert areas, when driving vehicles with driving wheels, especially multi-axle ones, as well as with trailers and semi-trailers, the loosely bound and loose surface layer of the soil is destroyed and shifted, which, under the influence of air turbulences that occur during the movement of the car, significantly saturates the surrounding air with dust.</p> Magdiev Sh.P., Avliekulov Zh.S. Copyright (c) 2022 Fri, 11 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 PRE-AND POST-TREATMENT INDICATIONS IN CHRONIC HEART FAILURE WITH VARIOUS COMORBID DISEASES <p>120 patients with SYuE under observation were divided into three groups based on their comorbid diseases, all patients received 25-50 mg of the standard treatment of SYuE, β-blockers, azilsartan as an angiotensin II receptor antagonist, and eplerenone, the last generation of MKRA, as an antifibrotic agent. Six-minute walk test, clinical status rating scale, and Minnesota Questionnaire scores were analyzed before and after treatment in chronic heart failure with various comorbidities.</p> Erkinova Nigora Erkinovna Copyright (c) 2022 Fri, 11 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 TALABA QIZLARNI OILAVIY HAYOTGA TAYYORLASHNING ETNOPSIXOLOGIK XUSUSIYATLARI <p>In this paper, ethnic psychological mechanism of preparing student girls for family and influencing factors are given.</p> Djuxonova Noxida, Qurbonova Saida Copyright (c) 2022 Fri, 11 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 INTEGRATED INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES OF VOCATIONAL GUIDANCE OF STUDENTS <p>The purpose of career guidance in this article is to prepare the growing young generation to consciously choose a profession, and this process is the process of formation of a person as a subject of future professional activity. Information on measures to increase the quality of continuous education and the effectiveness of science in the field of biology is provided.</p> Sattarova Sevinch Berdiyar's daughter Copyright (c) 2022 Fri, 11 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 DESIGN OF OLDER WOMEN'S DRESSES BASED ON ANALYSIS OF CREPEDESIN FABRICS <p>This article provides information about crepe fabric, crepe fabric production technology.</p> Gulam Nabidjanovich, Karimova Khusnida is the daughter of Djuma Copyright (c) 2022 Fri, 11 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 THE IMPORTANCE OF TEACHER-STUDENT RELATIONSHIPS IN IMPROVING THE QUALITY OF EDUCATION <p>In this article, the teacher-student relationship is discussed in order to improve the quality of education, there is psychological training for students to respect teachers and treat them well, the teacher in the process of teaching and educating children should follow universal and national traditions. it is said that they should teach the criteria of custom.</p> Rasulova Dilrabo Rakhmatullayevna Copyright (c) 2022 Fri, 11 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 ERMON (ACCHIK SHUVOK) NING PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES AND VETERINARY SIGNIFICANCE <p>This article provides information on the technology of obtaining a liquid extract and the composition and effects of bitter wormwood.</p> Allanazarov Ghiyas Shokirjonovich Copyright (c) 2022 Fri, 11 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 EPIC GENRE OF RUSSIAN AND UZBEK PROSE <p>Almost any artistic technique known to literature can be used in an epic work. The narrative form of the epic work "promotes deep penetration into the inner world of a person" This article will focus on the epic genre of Russian and Uzbek prose.</p> Navbatova Rano Khodzhimuratovna Copyright (c) 2022 Fri, 11 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 MECHANISMS OF DEVELOPING CREATIVE THINKING OF STUDENTS THROUGH DIGITAL TECHNOLOGIES <p>This article talks about the necessity of the Internet and computers for all of us today, about the fact that the lessons are interesting and effective with the help of technology, about the fact that the thinking circle of young students is growing, about the fact that their thinking is gaining a worldview.</p> Khamraeva Nazira Ravshanovna Copyright (c) 2022 Fri, 11 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 RESEARCH OF THE PROBLEM OF CHILDREN WITH SPEECH DISORDERS IN PRIMARY CLASS STUDENTS BY FOREIGN SCIENTISTS <p>The article talks about the research of foreign scientists on the problem of children with speech disorders in elementary school students.</p> Mirzahmatov Bahodir Bahromboy ugli Copyright (c) 2022 Sat, 12 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 TEACHING METHODOLOGY OF "ELEMENTS OF THERMODYNAMICS" ON THE BASE OF MODERN PEDAGOGICAL TECHNOLOGIES <p>The article provides skills and competencies on the methodology of teaching the subject of thermodynamics based on modern pedagogical technologies.</p> Mamadaliyeva Nargizakhan Zakirjon qizi, Turgunova Madina Nuriddin qizi Copyright (c) 2022 Sat, 12 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF NUMERICAL METHODS FOR SOLVING ORDINARY DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS <p>This article presents numerical methods for solving ordinary differential equations and a comparative analysis of these methods.</p> Haydarova S. Copyright (c) 2022 Sat, 12 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 STUDYING THE MOVEMENT OF A HORIZONTAL MOVING BODY TAKING INTO ACCOUNT THE RESISTANCE OF THE ENVIRONMENT AND SOLVING RELATED PROBLEMS <p>This article examines the laws of motion in the horizontal plane of a ship under the influence of the resistance force of water, as well as the impact of the resistance of air and the friction force of the surface, and issues related to them are worked out.</p> M.B. Dusmuratov Copyright (c) 2022 Sat, 12 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 ENGLISH PROFICIENCY AND ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS AT UNIVERSITY OF MINDANAO TAGUM COLLEGE <p>English proficiency needs to be essential for academic achievement. The quality of English instruction in high schools is closer to that of a primary school, which is insufficient to enable students to advance academically on their own. Thus, English proficiency is considered as part of the weighted process. This is a descriptive correlational study designed to find a significant relationship between junior high school students' English proficiency and academic achievement. Results showed that there is indeed a great correlation between the two variables in the study with a p-value of 0.00776, hence the null hypothesis was hereby rejected. With this, the findings could serve as guidance for English teachers in terms of data on the degree of students' language proficiency and academic success. Students are likewise urged to look into other elements such as learning styles, instructional approaches, education-learning technologies, exposure to the English language, as well as other contextual and environmental factors that may influence students' academic achievement and English proficiency. Following these recommendations would not only benefit schools by satisfying the demands and expectations of students while simultaneously improving the institutions' overall retention and school academic rates.</p> Genesis G. Genelza Copyright (c) 2022 Sun, 13 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 THEORETICAL PRINCIPLES OF ORGANIZING INDEPENDENT WORK IN PHYSICS IN SCHOOLS <p>In the organization of independent work in physics, the positive effect of using students' free time on the quality of the lesson and the mastery rate is highlighted.</p> Sayyora Torakhodjayevna Shermetova Copyright (c) 2022 Mon, 14 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 THE SIGNIFICANCE AND PLACE OF USING NATIONAL VALUES IN THE EDUCATION OF THE YOUNG GENERATION <p>This article provides information about the importance and role of using national values in the education of the young generation.</p> Parvina Kholikova Abdumalik kizi Copyright (c) 2022 Mon, 14 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 INTERTEXTUALITY IN RUSSIAN POETRY BASED ON THE WORKS OF F.I. TYUTCHEV AND A. S. PUSHKIN <p>This article examines intertextuality as a linguistic phenomenon in Russian poetry based on the works of F.I. Tyutchev and A.S. Pushkin. The definition is given: the structural organization of the artistic poetic text, the term intertextuality as a category of artistic text and the poetic word in the intertext under the influence of precedent texts, which not only enriches its semantic structure by "incrementing" new meanings, but also changes the semantics of the poetic work as a whole.</p> Dinara Rifkatovna Aflyatunova, Nigina Bakhtiyarovna Rustamova Copyright (c) 2022 Mon, 14 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 DEVELOPMENT OF ACCOUNTING IN THE REPUBLIC OF UZBEKISTAN <p>This article examines the history of the emergence of accounting and budgetary accounting in the Republic of Uzbekistan, provides an overview of its current state and characteristic features. Particular attention is paid to how well the country's accounting and budgetary accounting correlates with global trends and practices, and a brief overview of current reforms and their main goals is given.</p> Kunduz Ergashevna Igamberdieva Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 15 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 THE RANGE OF VISUAL AIDS AVAILABLE TO THE LANGUAGE TEACHER, AND HOW THEY CAN BE USED IN THE CLASSROOM, MENTIONING THEIR SUITABILITY FOR DIFFERENT LEARNERS <p>In this article Information is provided about best methods,techniques and visual aids in conducting lessons. Visual helps moreover assist us show clearly and easily, without complications or digressions. There are some useful teaching aids, which are implemented in the teaching process such as pictures, timeliness charts and graphs, flashcards, gap fills and realia.</p> Gauxar Serikbaevna Xaldarchaeva Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 15 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF SOLAR PANELS IN UZBEKISTAN <p>The article shows how to determine the absorption efficiency levels of existing solar panels. Absorption efficiency levels of existing solar panels are based on resources and studies of useful efficiency in various environments and conditions.</p> Makhfirat Rakhmatovna Djurayeva, Adil Tursunkulugli Rozmamatov Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 15 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 DEFECTS IN THE VOICE OF PUPILS AND WAYS TO ELIMINATE IT <p>The article discusses the defects found in the voice of schoolchildren and ways to eliminate them, the development of students ' singing skills, and the work that must be carried out in order to properly educate the voice of students.</p> S. Askarova Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 15 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 PEDAGOGICAL MANAGEMENT AS A TYPE OF ACTIVITY <p>In this article, opinions were expressed about the concept of pedagogical management and pedagogical management as a type of activity.</p> Sultanova Dilnura Abdurashidovna Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 15 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 CITIES OF CENTRAL ASIA AND THE GREAT SILK ROAD <p>In the interaction of various regions with China and India, the cities of Central Asia played an important role. The fate of cities on the Silk Road was influenced not only by economic, but also by political factors. The whole history of their existence is associated with continuous confrontation for control over the most important caravan routes. Wars between the states of Central Asia led to the decline of the main cities on the trade routes and the robbery of caravans, and somewhere new urban settlements were formed. The Great Silk Road stimulated the development of trade cities and services: caravan - sheds (hotels), trade in markets, translators, money changers, camel drivers, caravan guards, tax collectors, etc. The rulers of the lands, receiving income from customs duties levied in cities along the caravan routes, adopted strict laws to protect merchants. In Timur's empire, the province in which the merchant was robbed had to compensate the merchant in double the amount of the loss and pay a fine to Timur himself in five times. The Silk Road became a channel through which there was a constant exchange of cultural achievements - knowledge, new goods, ideas, technologies.</p> Guldonakhon Anvarbekovna Mamasolieva Copyright (c) 2022 Wed, 16 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 THE RESULTS OF SOCIAL CONSTRUCTION IN UZBEKISTAN IN THE LATE 30S OF THE TWENTIETH CENTURY <p>After the establishment of Soviet power by the end of the 30s of the twentieth century, great changes took place in the formation of the new Soviet intelligentsia in Uzbekistan. The process of its formation took place under the strict control of the state authorities, which pursued a policy of ideological Russification. However, despite this, Uzbekistan has formed its own national intelligentsia, which has made a significant contribution to the development of all aspects of public life.</p> Feruza Rakhamanovna Isakova Copyright (c) 2022 Wed, 16 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 BIOLOGY OF CULTIVATION OF STEVIA REBAUDIANA BERTONI PLANT IN UZBEKISTAN <p>Currently, at the stage of rapid development of our society, it is urgent to solve the issues of effective use of plant raw materials in the fields of food, pharmaceuticals, and medicine in order to increase the well-being of the population.</p> Begmatov Abdusamat Mamatkulovich, Haydarov Mirzokhid Bakhtiyarovich Copyright (c) 2022 Wed, 16 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 OPTICAL THEORY OF AXONOMETRIES, USED IN THE HISTORY OF CENTRAL ASIAN PAINTING <p>The article, named as "The optical theory of axonometry applied in the history of drawing in Central Asia", comprehensively presents scientific information about axonometry, about their theory applied by artists in the history of Central Asia of the IX – XIX centuries.</p> Sh. Abdurahmanov, S. Rahmatullaev, S. Yoldoshev Copyright (c) 2022 Wed, 16 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 SOLVING PROBLEMS USING THE METHOD OF COORDINATES <p>The article presents the solution of algebraic and geometric problems with the method of coordinates. Here, there is a scientific substantiation of the convenience of solving problems with the method of coordinates, when the complexity of solving problems in the algebraic method arises.</p> N. Y. Toshboeva Copyright (c) 2022 Wed, 16 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 METHODS OF SOLVING NON-STANDARD PROBLEMS INVOLVING MATRIX AND DETERMINANTS FOR THE STUDENT SCIENCE OLYMPIAD <p>In this article, convenient ways to solve some non-standard problems found in Science Olympiad problems for students of non-mathematical bachelor's degree in Higher Mathematics are presented.</p> Hamdambek Nuraddinovich Kuromboyev Copyright (c) 2022 Wed, 16 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 METHODS OF SOLVING NON-STANDARD MATHEMATICAL PROBLEMS <p>This article presents convenient ways to solve some non-standard problems that appear in science olympiad problems for mathematics.</p> Mukhtorbek Rokhimovich Yusupov Copyright (c) 2022 Wed, 16 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 THE SIGNIFICANCE OF INDEPENDENT WORK IN TRAINING STUDENTS AT A MEDICAL UNIVERSITY <p>The main goal of vocational education in a medical university is to prepare a qualified, competitive doctor for effective work in his specialty in the labor market. The high quality of education is strongly associated with the goals of the order of organization, control and evaluation of independent work (SR) of students. Independent work is an integral part of the curriculum of universities, including clinical pharmacology, and is provided with information resources.</p> Mukhitdinova Mavdjuda Imadovna , Khakberdieva Guljaxon Erkinovna, Kasymova Shaxlo Shavkatovna Copyright (c) 2022 Wed, 16 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 THE EFFICIENCY OF THE APPLICATION OF INTERACTIVE LEARNING METHODS IN STUDYING THE CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY OF ANTIBACTERIAL DRUGS <p>Interactive learning is based on the direct interaction of students with their own experience and the experience of their friends, since most interactive exercises refer to the experience of the student himself, and not only learning. New knowledge, skill is formed on the basis of such experience. Interactive learning is learning built on the interaction of all students, including the teacher. These methods are most consistent with a student-centered approach, since they involve co-learning (collective, collaborative learning), and both the student and the teacher are subjects of the educational process. The urgency of the problem of the use of antibacterial agents is due to the prevalence of pathologies caused by bacteria, microbes and significant economic losses due to the severe course of the disease, requiring hospitalization and a high mortality rate, especially in childhood.</p> Khakberdieva Guljaxon Erkinovna, Kasymova Shaxlo Shavkatovna , Mukhitdinova Mavdjuda Imadovna Copyright (c) 2022 Wed, 16 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 THE EFFICIENCY OF APPLYING INTERACTIVE LEARNING METHODS IN MEDICAL UNIVERSITIES <p>During the years of independence in the Republic of Uzbekistan in accordance with the Law "On Education" and the National Program for Training.In order to radically improve the quality of training of the level and qualifications of the teaching staff of universities, the introduction of an improved system of their regular retraining in accordance with modern requirements: - teaching staff of universities, their in-depth study of the norms of legislation, the latest achievements in the field of theory, scientific and applied research, technological progress and innovation in the discipline taught, as well as modern methods of organizing the educational process; fundamental updating of qualification requirements, curricula</p> Kasymova Shaxlo Shavkatovna , Mukhitdinova Mavdjuda Imadovna , Khakberdieva Guljaxon Erkinovna Copyright (c) 2022 Wed, 16 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 SKILLS OF PATRIOTIC EDUCATION OF STUDENTS IN MUSIC LESSONS <p>In the article, teachers talked about the issues of expanding the possibilities of using khalfa songs and examples of epics in the aesthetic education of students in music culture classes.</p> Norimbay Usmanovich Musayev Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 17 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 ROLE OF PHONETIC RHYTHM IN CORRECTION OF SPEECH DEFECTS <p>This article discusses the role of phonetic rhythm in the correction of speech disorders.</p> O. S. Ishmatova Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 17 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITY OF A SPORTS TEACHER <p>Based on the analysis of scientific and methodological literature, the problem of the development of the teacher's professional culture is considered. The main substantive characteristics of the development of professional culture and the style of professional activity of a teacher are given. The article reveals some systemic ideas about the professional activity of a teacher; the professionally significant qualities are given as a certain system of motives, forms and methods of professional-role behavior, in which these relations are realized.</p> F. Yusukhonova Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 17 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 PEDAGOGICAL CONDITIONS OF ORGANIZING DISTANCE EDUCATION IN THE PROCESS OF TRAINING FUTURE TEACHERS <p>In this article, distance learning and its importance and disadvantages are scientifically based.</p> Eshkoraev Q. A. Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 17 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 ALGEBRA TEACHING TECHNOLOGIES BASED ON FINNISH METHODS <p>In the modern system of lifelong education, it is important to apply the best world practices to improve the quality and efficiency of education. This article highlights the importance of “Analyzing Mathematics Teaching in Finnish Secondary Schools”.</p> Kuljonov Nadir Jonadil ugli Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 17 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 FORMATION OF RESEARCH COMPETENCIES IN STUDENTS BASED ON AN INTEGRATIVE APPROACH <p>The article considers that the integrative approach is an effective technology for the formation of research competencies among students on the example of processing experimental data obtained as a result of a physical experiment (mathematical and statistical analysis). The formation of research competencies among students was assessed on the basis of reproductive, productive and creative criteria.</p> I. Sh. Egamberganov Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 17 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 WIDE POSSIBILITIES OF USING INFORMATION COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES IN TEACHING PHYSICS <p>In this work, information is provided about the possibilities of using modern software tools in the physics classes of schools. The main focus is on factors necessary for students to expand their worldview and become deeply educated.</p> Mufazzalshoh Alisher ugli Rakhmonov Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 17 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 METHODOLOGY OF TEACHING THE RUSSIAN LANGUAGE IN UZBEK GROUPS <p>The article is devoted to the teaching of the Russian language in secondary schools in Uzbekistan. The main attention is focused on the most modern methods of teaching the Russian language in Uzbek-teaching schools.</p> Gulistan Kosbergenovna Musayeva Copyright (c) 2022 Sat, 19 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 GLORIFICATION OF “GOODNESS” IN THE WORKS OF ALISHER NAVOI <p>This article is devoted to Alisher Navoi's responsible approach to words. How great the career of the word is is shown separately.</p> Yigitaliyeva Shohsanam Isog’ali qizi Copyright (c) 2022 Sun, 20 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 PEDAGOGICAL FACTORS OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF CREATIVE THINKING OF SCHOOL AGE CHILDREN THROUGH THE EDUCATIONAL CLUSTER <p>The article is devoted to the generalization of the features of the development of creative thinking in primary school and adolescence.</p> Ziyadulloeva Farangiz Juraboy kyzy Copyright (c) 2022 Sun, 20 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 ORGANIZATIONAL AND PEDAGOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF PRESCHOOL EDUCATION SYSTEM ABROAD <p>This article contains information about didactics of the preschool education system, organizational and pedagogical features of the preschool education system in foreign countries.</p> Toshmatova Zamira Jumanovna Copyright (c) 2022 Sun, 20 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 INNOVATIVE DIRECTIONS FOR IMPROVING THE MECHANISMS FOR ADVANCED TRAINING OF TEACHING STAFF IN NON-STATE EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS <p>In this article, an analysis of the organizational and pedagogical conditions for the processes of advanced training of teachers in non-state educational organizations, problems that negatively affect the effectiveness of advanced training processes, improvement of the organizational and pedagogical mechanisms for advanced training of teachers in non-state educational organizations, as well as the mentioned innovative model for improving the efficiency of advanced training processes in non-state educational organizations.</p> Azam Shakhriyorovich Kholmurodov Copyright (c) 2022 Mon, 21 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 SEMANTIC INTERPRETATION OF CAUSATIVITY IN LINGUISTICS <p>The purpose of the article is to illustrate causative verbs in two languages, Uzbek and English as well as their features in the sentences. Moreover, it discusses semantic interpretation of causativity.</p> Sanjarbek Abdulhamidov Xusnitdin o’g’li Copyright (c) 2022 Mon, 21 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 FORMATION OF SIMPLE SENTENCE PARADIGMS WITH THE HELP OF SEMANTICS INTENSIFICATION/DEINTENSIFICATION IN THE UZBEK LANGUAGE <p>This article touches upon forming new words and expressions with the help of the philosophical law “transition from quantity to quality” which is the semantic way of forming new words and simple sentences what can be called gradual way of forming new words and simple sentences.</p> Ziyaev Avazjon Copyright (c) 2022 Mon, 21 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 ISSUES OF LINGUOCULTURAL STABILIZATION OF PROFESSIONAL LEXICON IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES <p>The purpose of the article is to illustrate some terms which are utilized in special profession. Moreover, it discusses linguocultural characteristics of the words and similarities as well as differences between some languages.</p> Imomov Elyor Abdikarimovich Copyright (c) 2022 Mon, 21 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 THE USE OF LEXEMES EXPRESSING THE MEANING OF SWEARING IN THE EXPRESSION OF A SUBJECTIVE RELATIONSHIP IN THE UZBEK LANGUAGE <p>This article explores lexemes expressing the meaning of swearing in the expression of a subjective relationship in the Uzbek language. The speaker uses vulgarisms, that is, rude, offensive words, to express his negative attitude towards the listener or another subject. In addition, as a result of fear, irritation, shock, embarrassment of the subject by some event, object, etc., he may develop hatred and anger towards the object that caused them.</p> Ixtiyorov A’zamjon Copyright (c) 2022 Mon, 21 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 LEARNING STYLES AND STRATEGY-BASED INSTRUCTION <p>Learners tend to differ from one another in regard with their age, temperament, character and learning behaviors. Once the teacher intends to achieve a successful outcome, he or she should pay particular attention to specific tasks which help students learn more easily. The tasks usually are selected based on students’ learning styles.</p> Iroda Mirzaeva Copyright (c) 2022 Mon, 21 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 CHALLENGES AND ISSUES IN USING ICT IN THE ELT PROCESS <p>In recent years, information and communication technology has grown in significance. Almost every aspect of life now involves the use of computers, and the Internet has grown to be a substantial source of knowledge. Because of this, it is impossible to envision education today without technology. It is clear that incorporating ICT in language lessons presents difficulties for teachers. Obviously, it takes a lot of effort and time to learn how to use it effectively.</p> Iroda Mirzaeva Copyright (c) 2022 Mon, 21 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 FORMATION OF THE LEVEL OF EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE IN ADOLESCENTS WITH DEVIANT BEHAVIOR <p>The article discusses the relationship of emotional intelligence with social behavior, shows the factors influencing the occurrence of addictive behavior in adolescence, reveals the place of emotional intelligence in the prevention of social addictions in adolescents.</p> Saipova M. V. Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 22 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 THE INFLUENCE OF THE THERMAL MODE OF THE ENGINE ON THE POWER AND ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE OF THE ENGINE <p>The performance of cars when operating them in hot climates and desert-sandy areas is largely due to the thermal regime of the engine and the impact of this mode on power and economic indicators, as well as on engine wear.</p> PhD. Abdurazakov A. A., Assoc. Prof. Moomindzhanov N.M., Avlyyokulov J.S. Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 22 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 FORENSIC HISTOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT OF FAT EMBOLISM IN COMBINED INJURY DEATH CASES <p>One of the most common early complications of severe joint injuries is fat embolism. In cases of death due to fat embolism, the final forensic diagnosis of the medical examiner is based on the results of the autopsy and the study of histological examinations. Fat emboli are detected in small blood vessels during histological examination of pieces taken from internal organs (lungs, brain, heart, liver and kidneys).</p> Choriev B. A., Valieva M. T., Sobirova D. R. Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 22 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 FACTORS THAT ENSURE THE SUCCESSFUL IMPLEMENTATION OF A SYSTEM OF KEY PERFORMANCE INDICATORS IN THE FIELD OF HIGHER EDUCATION <p>This article provides analytical information on the factors that ensure the operation of the system of key performance indicators of higher education.</p> M. S. Bazarova Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 22 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 ORGANIZATION OF CONTINUOUS LEARNING AND LEARNING IN PROGRAMMING AND ROBOTICS USING THE CONCEPT OF A PERSON'S WHOLE LIFE COURSE <p>This article promotes the idea of continuous teaching of programming and robotics. From a young age of 5-6, the idea of implementing robotics exercises in Lego Mindstorms, further complicating them in further education, and practically integrating computer programs that move a real robot or machine into C++, C#, Python programming language, or the use of ready-made applications has been developed. In conjunction with organizing the entry of a teacher into the programming world by teaching robotics, it serves to provide insight into the basics of its programming and to improve programming skills. Robotics, which is taught in additional education, in turn strengthens knowledge of programming. And their continuous training together is also consistent with the implementation of the concept of "teaching a person all his life."</p> Yunusova Gulshod Nazihovna, Abdullayeva Shaxlo Ibrohimjon qizi, Jo’rabayeva Nigora, Nurmatov Oqiljon Odiljon o’g’li Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 22 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 THE ORIGIN OF MICROBIOLOGY AND ITS DIFFERENCES WITH BIOLOGY <p>This article discusses the origin of microbiology, the fact that the first systematic system of microorganisms applies to Danish Myuller, microbiology cannot be seen with a very small, simple eye.</p> Suleymanova Marg`uba Kenjaboyevna Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 22 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 COMPLEX OF SPIRITUAL AND MORAL EDUCATION IN HIGHER EDUCATION COUNTRIES <p>Considering the spiritual and moral education of students as a set of educational and methodical works that can be performed during the educational process and outside of class, we have developed the following structural set of spiritual and moral education at the faculties of technological education.</p> B. X. O’razov Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 22 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 PEDAGOGICAL PRINCIPLES OF SPIRITUAL-MORAL ACTIVITY <p>The principles of spiritual and moral education of students and young people in our independent country are to build a humane democratic society; It is a set of didactic tools aimed at theoretical and practical study of methods, forms and methods of improving the effectiveness of spiritual and enlightenment work. This principle can be connected to various links of educational work in educational institutions.</p> B. X. O’razov Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 22 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 THE USАGE OF BORROWED WORDS IN ENGLISH LАNGUАGE <p>In linguistics, borrowed or loаn words аre being studied by mаny scientists in the broаd wаy. Becаuse they hаve some аspects thаt hаve not been observed. In this аrticle we аnаlyze this type of words in English lаnguаge.</p> O‘rmonovа Durdonаxon Tаvаkkаljon kizi, Аlimovа Zаrifа Vаxobovnа Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 22 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 MUHAMMAD RIZA AGOHIY IS A GREAT REPRESENTATIVE OF KHORAZM HISTORICAL SCHOOL <p>This article provides brief information about the life, work, and scientific heritage of the historian and statesman Muhammad Reza Agohi. In particular, Agohi's contribution to the Khorezm school of historiography, his historical works, and their importance are highlighted.</p> Durdona Mashrbaliyeva Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 22 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 ON THE ISSUE OF TEACHING FOREIGN LANGUAGES IN SECONDARY SCHOOL <p>The article discusses modern technologies for teaching foreign languages in secondary school, the use of which allows you to implement a student-centered approach to teaching a foreign language and allows you to solve a number of didactic problems.</p> Pulatova Shakhzoda Haydarovna, Tolibova Nodira Nosirovna Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 22 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 CAUSES OF ORPHANS AND SOCIAL ORPHANS, AND WAYS TO ELIMINATE THEM <p>Today's demand and one of its urgent tasks is to provide social protection for the health, moral and spiritual development of orphans and orphans. This can be seen from the personal documents of the students during the conducted scientific research. It has been shown that 65 percent of children have somatic and mental diseases. There are children with chronic diseases in which the functional withdrawal of the organism is up to 10% in grades 1-3, 30% in grades IV-VIII, and 70% in grades IX-XI. When comparing the children of the above 3 groups with the children raised in the family, the proportion of children suffering from this disease is 10 percent. 70% of children of the same age are often found to be suffering from complicated nervous diseases such as anxiety, fear, narcissism, laziness, mischievousness due to the derailment of higher and nervous system activity.</p> S.B. Sobirov, L.T. Torakulov, Hayitboyev Sanjar Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 22 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 STUDENT THE LEGAL BASIS OF FORMING A WORLDVIEW AGAINST OPPRESSION AND AGGRESSION IN GIRLS <p>This article talks about increasing the activity of women in our country, opening wide doors of opportunities to female students, Violence - physical, mental, sexual or economic influence on women or girls or measures to influence them.</p> Uktamova Umida Sunatullaevna Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 22 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 EXPRESSION OF THE PERSONALITY SPIRITUALITY IN THE CHARACTERS' SPEECH <p>The article discusses the psychological functions of artistic discourse in the novels "Muvozanat" and "Rebellion and Obedience" by well-known Uzbek writer Ulugbek Hamdam. The article outlines the writer's ability to create character, the lighting of religious issues, the unity of images and content, and the superstition of modern personality spirituality.</p> Abdullayev Xamro Dauletbaevich, Duysenbaev Olimjon Ismailovich Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 22 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 ASPECTS OF THE SOCIAL WELL-BEING OF TALENTED YOUNG PEOPLE <p>The resulting embryo was allowed to develop in nutrients and then inserted into her womb, where it implanted. Brief information was also provided on the main approaches to studying social ceife. (Matthew 24:14; 28:19, 20) Jehovah's Witnesses would be pleased to discuss these prosculaves.</p> A.Abdullazizov Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 22 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY AND PROCESS RESEARCH <p>The use of information and communication technologies (ICT) in the classroom is one of the successful modern pedagogical teaching methods. Presentation is the presentation of information to the target audience, using visual aids.</p> Khalimova Mohigul Rustamovna Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 22 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 PEDAGOGICAL ANALYSIS OF THE DEVELOPMENT, HISTORICAL PROGRESS, AND REFLECTION OF NATIONAL VALUES OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION AND ECOLOGICAL CULTURE <p>Nature is a place for living beings to live, a source of precious blessings, and it is the duty of every person to protect it. In this regard, our nation has its own rich national-historical traditions.</p> K.B. Muhammadiev Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 22 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 PERIODONTAL MICROCIRCULATION DURING PROSTHETICS WITH TEMPORARY BRIDGES <p>Occlusal disorders are a risk factor for the development of focal inflammatory and destructive processes in periodontal tissues, significantly worsening the course and prognosis of generalized periodontitis [1, 7]. According to I. Lebedenko et al. , the assessment of static and dynamic occlusion directly in the oral cavity (PR) is difficult, sometimes accompanied by errors. The study of models correctly installed in the articulator allows you to confirm or refute the data of the intraoral examination. This is necessary when planning combined periodontal, orthodontic and restorative treatment, reduces the time of clinical admission and reduces the amount of ground tissue [7].</p> Pardaev D. S., Rashidov R. A., Said Kamil K., Dadabaeva M. U. Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 22 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 CHANGES IN PERIODONTAL MICROCIRCULATION IN PATIENTS WITH ARTIFICIAL CROWNS <p>It is the circulatory system that first adapts to the new conditions of functioning of the homeostatic system, which is manifested by the development of vascular reactions at the level of the microvasculature. Among the early signs of the presence of pathological processes are metabolic changes resulting from disturbances in the supply of tissue as a system of arterioles, venules, capillaries, arteriolo-venular anastomoses, and lymphatic structures. One of the most frequent complications that directly affect the result of prosthetics is gum recession. According to different authors, its prevalence ranges from 45.5% to 85.1% in the adult population[3;4]. Researchers agree that the frequency of gum recession increases with age, which requires a special approach when planning orthopedic treatment. A similar situation is observed in patients already on orthopedic treatment with non-removable orthopedic structures. The frequency of periodontal complications in prosthetics with artificial crowns, the initial manifestation of which is gum recession, reaches more than 50%[6]. In this regard, the purpose of our study was to study the indicators of microcirculation in patients with gum recession as an independent form of periodontal disease and in patients wearing artificial crowns.</p> Pardayev D. S., Rashidov R. A., Said Kamil K., Dadabayeva M. U. Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 22 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 PEDAGOGICAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL OPPORTUNITIES FOR PREVENTING YOUTH FROM THE INFLUENCE OF DESTRUCTIVE IDEAS <p>This article presents pedagogical and psychological opportunities to prevent the impact of destructive ideas on young people and recommendations for shortcomings in education and measures to eliminate them.</p> Umirov Azamat Abdinazarovich Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 22 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 CALCULATION METHODS IN PRIMARY SCHOOL <p>Mental arithmetic is gymnastics for the mind. Mental arithmetic is the oldest method of calculation. Acquiring numeracy skills develops memory and helps master the topics of the natural and mathematical cycle.</p> Khilolokhan Muydinjonovna Ergasheva Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 22 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 ORGANIZATION OF COMPUTER SCIENCE BASED ON MODULE TECHNOLOGY <p>The article provides clear and complete information about the organization of computer science based on module technology.</p> Z. Akhmedova, Sodiqjon Muminjonovich Turdaliyev Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 22 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 ACCOUNT OF ENTOMOPHAGE PESTS OF DECORATIVE TREES <p>This article provides information about the types of parasites, predators and their accounting when carrying out pest control measures in the biocenosis of ornamental trees. This article provides information about the types of parasites, predators, as well as their accounting for pest control and reducing their numbers in the biocenoses of ornamental trees.</p> Nafasov Zafar Nurmakhmadovich, Sulaimanova Nigora Makhamatsalievna, Arslonova Nozima Dilmurodovna Copyright (c) 2022 Wed, 23 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 A MODEL FOR DEVELOPING STUDENTS' COMMUNICATIVE COMPETENCE BY TEACHING THEM INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATION <p>Communicative competence is an essential part of teaching so the purpose of the article is to illustrate a model for developing students’ communicative competence by teaching them intercultural communication with a hope adding a little contribution to the linguistics and teaching</p> Paziljanova Zulfiya Sabirjanovna Copyright (c) 2022 Wed, 23 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 EXPRESSION OF SUBJECTIVE ATTITUDE THROUGH SUBJECTIVE ASSESSMENT IN UZBEK LANGUAGE <p>This article explores expression of subjective attitude through subjective assessment in Uzbek language. The attitude of the speaker to the reality is understood as the moods of caressing, caressing, respect, belittling, modesty, cursing, teasing, as well as cases of exaggerating, amplifying and emphasizing one's opinion. The meanings listed above are expressed in the context through the whole sentence or a part of it. Subjective assessment, as we mentioned above, is an expression of the positive or negative attitude of the speaker to the objective existence and his speech. The expression of the meanings of the subjective assessment of diminishing, belittling, caressing, glorifying, strengthening with the help of various affixes - morphemes is very common in the Uzbek language as well as in other languages.</p> Ixtiyorov A’zamjon Copyright (c) 2022 Wed, 23 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 THE PRESENTATION OF GERMAN HOLIDAYS AND TRADITIONS IN TEXTBOOKS <p>This article is devoted to the presentation of German holidays and traditions in textbooks and how they affect the worldview of students , in wich the topics of German language lessons are studied. The celebration and significance of such celebrations and traditions increases the interest of students in the study of the traditions of other nations. The article describes the various holidays and traditions of the German people.</p> Dilnoza Yusupova Uktamali qizi Copyright (c) 2022 Wed, 23 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 IMPORTANT FACTORS FOR USING THE GEOGEBRA PROGRAM IN TEACHING ANALYTICAL GEOMETRY <p>In this article, there is a need to create a set of ready-made models, a system of exercises and tasks for students in accordance with methodological recommendations for studying some topics and sections of the school curriculum in mathematics. It is considered that GeoGebra software can be used as an important tool in forming analytical geometry concepts for students</p> Nurmakhanov Kayrat Erpayizovich Copyright (c) 2022 Wed, 23 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 RULES AND EDUCATIONAL SIGNIFICANCE OF ACTION GAMES <p>The article provides information about action games and their types conducted with children of preschool and primary school age. In addition, an opinion was expressed about the rules and educational significance of the action games. Since the first activity of children is play, it was mentioned that effective results can be achieved in both physical and spiritual education of the child through active games.</p> Pardaev Bakhrom Pulatovich Copyright (c) 2022 Wed, 23 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 ALGORITHMS FOR SIMULATION OF THE PROCESS OF WATER SUPPLY OF PUMPING STATIONS EQUIPPED WITH AXIAL BLADED AND CENTRIFUGAL PUMPING UNITS AND HYDRO-ENGINEERING FACILITIES <p>The article is devoted to the development of algorithms for modeling the process of water supply to pumping stations equipped with pumping units and hydraulic structures. The article also shows the algorithmic determination of the operating modes of the pumping station.</p> Mamatkobil Nurmamatovich Esonturdiev Copyright (c) 2022 Wed, 23 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 THE ISSUE OF STUDYING THE HISTORY WORLD WAR II <p>Dozens of dissertations have been defended by domestic researchers, hundreds of books and a significant number of scientific articles have been written, highlighting the participation and contribution of the Uzbek people to the victory over fascism. Nevertheless, there are a number of topics that require careful study of new materials and the development of balanced conclusions. In particular, when describing the heroic deeds of the Uzbek soldiers, we should not forget about those who, at the cost of their lives, by the will of fate, were captured by the enemy. At the same time, the researcher must take into account all the circumstances related to the degree of their education, physical fitness, armament, ability and skills to use military equipment, etc. In the article, based on the study of official reports, statistical materials and memoirs of the participants in the war, the author argues that the main contingent of those taken prisoner were victims of Soviet social policy, young conscripts 17-19 years old, poorly trained, did not undergo military physical training and poorly armed soldiers fighting against the professional German army..</p> Mukhayyo Isakova Copyright (c) 2022 Wed, 23 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 HISTORICAL STAGES AND CONTENT OF AGRARIAN REFORMS IN UZBEKISTAN <p>In the article, during the years of independence, various methods of ownership and the implementation of new forms of economic management in the agricultural sector of Uzbekistan were studied from a historical point of view. Also, in the research, the issues of the reforms and measures being taken to ensure economic growth, the strengthening of the environment of free competition in the context of marketing and market relations in the development of the farm were analyzed.</p> Davlatbek Musaev Copyright (c) 2022 Wed, 23 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 THE ISSUE OF ENDING THE ILLITERACY OF WOMEN AND GIRLS IN TURKESTAN IS IN THE VIEWS OF THE JADIDS <p>One of the biggest events in the historical processes of our country is the question of bringing women from the legal unconscious form of the national mentality to the level of literacy, which has existed for centuries. This article presents a reasonable study of the positive assessment of the issue of female illiteracy in Turkestan by the intellectuals of the same nation and the fact that this attitude is faced with different opinions.</p> Muhayyo Ganijonovna Ergasheva Copyright (c) 2022 Wed, 23 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 SELECTION OF VARIETIES OF VEGETABLE CROPS FOR DRYING <p>The most important tasks for providing nutrition to the population consist in expanding the range of products, updating the composition of diets and enriching it with products of increased nutritional value and preventive orientation.</p> D. Z. Karimova, U. I. Akramov Copyright (c) 2022 Sat, 26 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 THE USE OF MODERN EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGIES IN TEACHING THE TOPIC OF ”SALTS" <p>Innovative educational technologies for studying the topic of "salt" in chemistry teaching suggest that when using interactive methods, students' activity increases and interest in learning activities increases, communication skills and a positive attitude to the topic under consideration are formed.</p> Karimova Dilovar Batirovna, Jo’raqo’ziyeva Nilufar Bahodirjon qizi Copyright (c) 2022 Fri, 25 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 MECHANISMS TO ENSURE EFFECTIVENESS OF GERMAN LANGUAGE TEACHING IN HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS <p>The article describes and analyzes in detail the effective means of using interactive methods of foreign language teaching. This article shows ways to increase the effectiveness of education using pedagogical technologies in German language classes, educational games in the course of the lesson, and ways to achieve active participation of students.</p> Masodikova Zulfiyakhon Copyright (c) 2022 Fri, 25 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 DESIGN OF LABORATORY ASSIGNMENTS AIMED AT THE FORMATION OF EXPERIMENTAL SKILLS <p>The article covers the development, theoretical justification and application in the educational process of the methodology for the formation of experimental skills of future teachers in general physics laboratories.</p> Khabib Shukurullayevich Abdullayev Copyright (c) 2022 Fri, 25 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PEDAGOGICAL SUPPORT OF PARENTS OF CHILDREN IN NEED OF SPECIAL HELP <p>This in the article separately to help needs of children to their parents help show them support and psychological , pedagogical in terms of support need they are our to our help the need and to them how help our show necessity about light up given</p> Sh.N. Ibadullayeva, Yorkulova Risolat Otabek qizi, Eshbobayeva Iroda Azamjon qizi, Otakhonova Sumbula Khudayar qizi Copyright (c) 2022 Fri, 25 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 PRIORITY DIRECTIONS OF EFFICIENCY OF USE OF DIGITAL TECHNOLOGIES IN THE EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM <p>This article identifies priorities for the development of the educational process based on the use of digital technologies in the education system of the country, the analysis of their capabilities. It also offers suggestions on how to not only play an important role in education and how to implement it, but also through the study, systematization and generalization of existing practices in drawing scientifically sound conclusions about the introduction of digital technologies in education.</p> Zulayho Abdullayevna Marasulova, Makhfuza Khabibovna Zakhidova Copyright (c) 2022 Fri, 25 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 PSYCHOLOGICAL PEDAGOGICAL FACTORS OF ENSURING THE CONTENT OF THE STUDENTS' EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SUCCESS IN THE EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY <p>In the article, the content of students' educational activities and pedagogical-psychological factors in ensuring success in educational activities and their essence, based on research, are covered.</p> Shakhnoza Gapparovna Ibragimova Copyright (c) 2022 Fri, 25 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 THE INFLUENCE OF THE GENDER PERSONALITY OF THE MANAGER ON INTERPERSONAL RELATIONS IN PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT <p>The article highlights the essence of the research work in order to bring to life the relationship with employees in the management process, as well as the organizational abilities of leaders, to identify individual psychological characteristics inherent in the gender in the leader's activities.</p> Dilorom Abdullaevna Salieva, Karas Orzhanovich Kaziev Copyright (c) 2022 Fri, 25 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 DEVELOPMENT OF OPTIMAL COMPOSITIONS AND RESEARCH OF PHYSICO-MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF FINE-GRAINED CONCRETE <p>The article presents the development of optimal compositions and the study of the physical and mechanical properties of fine-grained concrete.</p> Rakhimov Sh.T.,, Khudoinazarova K. J., Copyright (c) 2022 Fri, 25 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 EVACUATION HOSPITALS ORGANIZED IN THE UZBEKISTAN SSR DURING WORLD WAR II (BASED ON ARCHIVE MATERIALS) <p>In the article, the issue of evacuation hospitals established in the Uzbek SSR during the Second World War is analyzed mainly on the basis of materials from archival sources. At the same time, in the work, the author revealed statistical information about the population brought to the Tashkent region from the war zones of the USSR, mobilized from the battlefields, wounded soldiers in the archive documents.</p> Anoroy Zayniddinovna Togaeva Copyright (c) 2022 Fri, 25 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 THE CONCEPT OF HISTORICAL STYLING <p>The relevance of the work is due to the need to study historical vocabulary in the language of a work of art and analyze historical vocabulary, apply a practical approach to the problem of transferring lexical archaisms in translation within the framework of historical text stylization.</p> Z.R.Aliyeva Copyright (c) 2022 Fri, 25 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 DIFFERENT FUNCTION AND REGULARIZATION FOR POLYHARMONIC FUNCTIONS FOR SOME REGIONS IN Rm <p>In this work, some properties and regulation of the Carlemann function are studied to determine the integral formula&nbsp;</p> Sotimboeva Zarifakhon Copyright (c) 2022 Sat, 26 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 IMPROVING THE INNOVATIVE ACTIVITIES OF THE TEACHER <p>This article discusses the need to create and put into practice the theoretical and methodological foundations of national pedagogy and innovative pedagogical technologies, the need to reform the national education system, bring its potential to the world level, create an education market and train competitive specialists.</p> Abdullaeva Nilufarkhon Makhamadjanovna Copyright (c) 2022 Sat, 26 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 USE OF REMOTE TECHNOLOGIES IN TEACHING COMPUTER SCIENCE <p>Each university or educational institution tries to create its own virtual information learning environment and provide education through it, based on modern technologies to manage its educational process. This is distance learning. There are several technologies of distance education and methods of their organization, and we will focus on them in this article.</p> Muydinjonov Davlatjon Rafiqjon Ugli, Muydinjonov Ziyodjon Rafiqjon Ugli, Madrakhimov Shukhratjon Shukurovich, Madrakhimova Makhfuza Akhmedovna Copyright (c) 2022 Sat, 26 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 ORGANIZATIONAL FORMS OF COMPUTER SCIENCE EDUCATION <p>Student activity is part of the interaction between the participants of the educational process. There are also forms that provide for the individual activity of students. Organizational forms of teaching occupy one of the central places in computer science didactics and teaching methodology. This article describes organizational forms of computer science education.</p> Muydinjonov Ziyodjon Rafiqjon Ugli, Muydinjonov Davlatjon Rafiqjon Ugli, Madrakhimova Makhfuza Akhmedovna, Madrakhimov Shukhratjon Shukurovich Copyright (c) 2022 Sat, 26 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 MODERN SOFTWARE <p>This article describes the latest information about the types of software and support functions.</p> Yuldashev Abdurauf Ruzmatjonovich Copyright (c) 2022 Sat, 26 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 OPPORTUNITIES TO DEVELOP STUDENTS' TEXT WORKING COMPETENCIES IN LECTURE LESSONS <p>This article presents the project of opportunities to develop students' competences in working with text in teaching the basics of mathematical logic.</p> Madrakhimov Shukhratjon Shukurovich, Madrakhimova Makhfuza Akhmedovna, Muydinjonov Ziyodjon Rafiqjon Ugli, Muydinjonov Davlatjon Rafiqjon Ugli Copyright (c) 2022 Sat, 26 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 STATUS PERFORMANCE IN MUSIC THEORY <p>In this article, opinions were expressed about status performance in music theory.</p> Fazilov Qahramon Copyright (c) 2022 Sat, 26 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 METHODS OF FORMATION OF VOCAL SKILLS <p>This article provides feedback on singing in vocal performance.</p> Shukurjon Boratov Imomalievich Copyright (c) 2022 Sat, 26 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 BASIC PRINCIPLES OF VOCAL PEDAGOGY <p>This article discusses the history of Uzbek folk music, the main principles of vocal pedagogy.</p> Rasulova Saida Sabirovna Copyright (c) 2022 Sat, 26 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 SPATIAL CAPACITY REQUIREMENTS OF THE COMPOSITION <p>Composition in fine art is related to the need to make the ideological content of the work very clear and convincing. The main purpose of the composition is to create an artistic image. The paintings created in different periods and in different directions leave a very good impression due to their specific compositional structure. The article presents ideas about the requirements for spatial possibilities of the composition.</p> Mamatkulov Rashidbek Ravshanbekovich Copyright (c) 2022 Sat, 26 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 ALLEGORICAL MEANS OF ORAL SPEECH <p>The purpose of the article is to discuss about a stylistic device which is called “allegory” and its origin. Moreover, aricle illustrates some examples of allegories in oral speech as well as other speech styles like formal and informal.</p> Rajapova Malika Ahmadali qizi Copyright (c) 2022 Sat, 26 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 ANALYSIS OF VALUE-ECONOMIC CHARACTERS OF COTTON INTROGRESSIVE HYBRIDS IN DIFFERENT SOIL-CLIMATE CONDITIONS IN UZBEKISTAN <p>Have been achieved the certain results on the development of varieties resistant to stress factors and recommendation to the agricultural industry because of the being of ecological unsustainable regions. Development of capability potential of adaptable valued hybrid traits, genotype and environmental effect, their relation with productivity, other valuable-economic traits and new high adoptive varieties has an important role. Double factorial dispersion analysis is carried out in the hybrid combinations of F2-F4 with the aim of determining the effect of genotype and environment on the forming of traits and interactions. The value of P in the double factorial dispersion analyze of the productivity of F4 hybrid combination was high than 0.05 and it does not conform the genotype’s effect, share of environment effect on the trait variation was reliable and made of 28.2%.</p> S. T. Juraev, A. A. Shukurov, N. O. Jabborova Copyright (c) 2022 Sat, 26 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 LINGUOCULTUROLOGY OF METAPHORS IN UZBEK AND ENGLISH LANGUAGES <p>This article provides an extensive discussion of metaphor, which is considered to be the most widely used type of figures of speech in linguistics. Then, it explains the interrelationship between linguoculturology and metaphors, which are considered to be the most important branches of linguistics. Examples of linguocultural metaphors are given in both languages, and the given examples are analyzed etymologically, historically and culturally.</p> Mirzayeva Dilshoda Ikromjonovna, Xojiyeva Sevaraxon Dilshodjon qizi Copyright (c) 2022 Sat, 26 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 MANIFESTATIONS OF STRESS IN PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITY AND WAYS TO ELIMINATE IT <p>The article discusses the stress that manifests itself in professional activities, its causes, main sources and methods of correction</p> Asranbaeva Munojatxon Xalimjanovna Copyright (c) 2022 Sat, 26 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 CARPENTRY SCHOOLS - APPLIED ART FOUNDATION OF DEVELOPMENT <p>There are many types of practical art, one of which is coppersmithing and carving. Coppersmithing is the art of making items from copper metal, while carving means giving patterns to those items. As the patterns used in carving art are different in all regions, each region has its own carving schools.</p> Qosimova Nilufar Muratjon qizi, Qosimov Barkamol Solijon o’g’li Copyright (c) 2022 Sat, 26 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 FORMATION OF SPATIAL IMAGINATION THROUGH DIDACTIC GAMES IN DRAWING CLASSES <p>In this article, opinions were expressed about the formation of spatial imagination through didactic games in drawing classes.</p> Madaminjon Ergashev, I. A.Raxmonov Copyright (c) 2022 Sat, 26 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 DENTAL STATUS AND DIAGNOSIS OF CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS SUFFERING FROM VARIOUS FORMS OF CONNECTIVE TISSUE DYSPLASIA <p>The study is based on retrospective and prospective data obtained because of observation of patients in 2020-2022 with varying degrees of connective tissue dysplasia (DСT) who were under dispensary supervision in the departments of the screening center and patients who sought dental care with diagnoses of "differentiated and undifferentiated connective tissue dysplasia". In the course of research, the authors obtained data that allow us to conclude that the mechanism of bone desorption of the alveolar process in adolescent patients with DСT pathologies is a violation of the bone remodeling cycle against the background of an imbalance of calcium-regulating hormones, while a decrease in the rate of bone formation against the background of a normal level of bone desorption is the cause of the pathology of teeth and periodontal tissues.</p> Gafforov SunnatulloAmruloevich, Shaymatova Azizakhon Rustambekovna Copyright (c) 2022 Sat, 26 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION <p>Myocardial infarction is the necrosis (local death) of the heart muscle layer as a result of blockage of coronary arteries by thrombus or their compression, disruption of blood supply to the heart muscle layer.</p> Yalg'ashev Farrux Quvondiq o'g'li, Muhiddinov Madumar Abdurahmon o'g'li, Nurqosimova Nilufar Qahramon qizi Copyright (c) 2022 Mon, 28 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 ORGANIZATIONAL ACTIVITY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS, MATHEMATICS AND TECHNICAL SCIENCES OF THE UZBEKISTAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES <p>This article describes the organizational activities of the Department of Physical, Mathematical and Technical Sciences of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan. The organization of department-based scientific institutions, their inclusion in the Academy of Sciences, their transfer to another system, their termination, and their reorganization have been analyzed. As a result of the analysis, the institutions of the Department that were part of the academy, transferred to another system, terminated and reorganized were identified.</p> Ismailov Alisher Copyright (c) 2022 Mon, 28 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 THE IMPORTANCE OF “AT-TABAQAT AL-KUBRA” IN THE STUDY OF ISLAMIC BIOGRAPHIES <p>This article provides information about the importance of the work “al-Tabaqat al-Kubra” by Muhammad ibn Sa'd as a biographical source. Ibn Sa’d was a historian lived in the Abbasid era. The work consists of 5554 persons’ biographies (with repetitions) in total and studies them in classes. The article reveals the content of these classes.</p> Sotvoldiev Oybek Khayrullo ogli Copyright (c) 2022 Mon, 28 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 GENDER EQUALITY IN UZBEKISTAN <p>The article focuses o the protection of women's rights in the Republic of Uzbekistan and its role in society. In addition, issues such as discrimination, humiliation and rape against women are given priority.</p> Gulrukhsor Tokhirjonova Copyright (c) 2022 Sat, 26 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 LEGAL BASIS FOR ORGANIZING PHYSICAL EDUCATION AND SPORTS <p>This article discusses such issues as the modern policy of elite sports, the system of physical education in higher educational institutions, the role of physical education in the development of personality, the system of physical education in the country, as well as the main tasks of higher educational institutions for the preparation specialists.</p> Gilijova Arzigul Mametmiratovna Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 29 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 FORMATION AND PROGRESS OF THE SURKHANDARYODA ARTS THEATER <p>In this article, some features of the formation and development of theater art in Surkhandarya are analyzed based on reliable sources.</p> N. Azima Hayrullayevna Nasriddinova Copyright (c) 2022 Mon, 28 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 HALIMA KHUDOYBERDIYEVA'S POETRY A MATTER OF ART <p>This article analyzes the issue of artistry in Halima Khudoyberdiyeva's poems. Comments on the poet's ability, to think with the help of artistic images, are given. The poetics of lyrical poems is treated through the method of artistic analysis.</p> Akhmadova Mukhsina Anvar's daughter, Khaitov Khusniddin Khasanovich Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 29 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 INCONTROLABLE AND TEMPORALITY IN RUSSIAN AND FRENCH <p>In this article, we discuss how semantics influences uncontrollable verb usage in a temporary form. We will see the work of linguists who are researching this theme.</p> S. Tulanov Copyright (c) 2022 Mon, 28 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 NOUNS WITH TENSE SEMANTICS IN FRENCH AND RUSSIAN <p>This article allows us to learn temporal relations in Russian and English.</p> S. Tulanov Copyright (c) 2022 Mon, 28 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 STAGES OF INTRODUCING FUTURE TEACHERS TO INTELLECTUAL ACTIVITY ON THE BASIS OF INTELLECTUALIZED EDUCATION <p>Preparing future teachers for intellectual activity is one of the urgent issues of today. It is the need of the hour to develop improved stages of the process of introducing future teachers to intellectual activity.</p> S. Tulanov Copyright (c) 2022 Mon, 28 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 MEETING OF FIRE SYMBOLS IN NORTHERN BACTRIAN BRONZE AGE MONUMENTS <p>The author in the article illustrates fire symbols in Nothern Bactra in Bronze Age.</p> Dilafruz Karimova Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 29 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 VALUE ADDED TAX IN UZBEKISTAN <p>To date, one of the main prerequisites for the development of the country's economy and ensuring its stability is the effective functioning of the tax system, since the mobilization of tax payments to the country's budget enables public authorities to implement domestic and foreign policies. This article reveals the value of value added tax in the field of the state taxation system.</p> Jambakieva Gulnora Sayfutdinovna Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 29 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 CENTRAL ASIA THROUGH THE PRISM OF FRENCH ORIENTAL STUDIES <p>This article discusses the history of French oriental studies, which originates from the end of the early Middle Ages and found the heyday of the Middle Ages, including the late Middle Ages (IX-XVI centuries). The main events that reflected the acquaintance of France with the East are given.</p> Yorkinoy Nasirdinova Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 29 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 ANALYSIS OF THE RESULTS OF THE INITIAL OPERATION OF COTTON WITH HIGH MOISTURE IN COTTON CLEANING PLANTS <p>In this article, the results of initial processing of high moisture cotton in cotton gins are analyzed. The results of initial processing of low-quality cotton in Gharam , quality storage, proper organization of long-term storage, layering taking into account humidity, otherwise, if the storage process is not properly organized, the effect of dirt and moisture on the results of initial processing of cotton was studied.</p> Parpiev Azim Parpievich, Sabirov Ilkhom Kakhromonovich, Abdullaev is the son of Sharofiddin Yuusup Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 29 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 ABDULLA ORIPOV IMAGE THE SKILL OF CREATION <p>Abdulla Aripov’s drama “Sahibkiron” reflects the interpretation of personality, the intersection of spirits between individuals, and the celebration of justice, the ideas that flow into enlightenment. Abdulla Aripov’s mastery of image creation, conflicts between images, the author’s depiction of the spirit of that period in the play. There is a unique interpretation of the drama and the image of Sahibkiran as a person.</p> Sh. Isayeva Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 29 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 URBAN CRAFTSMANSHIP IN CENTRAL ASIA IN THE FIRST HALF OF THE XVI-XIX CENTURIES: SOME INFORMATION ON THE HISTORY OF PAINTING AND PAINTS <p>In the article is analyzed some information about the history of urban handicrafts in Central Asia in the 16th-19th centuries, in particular, the history of painting and paints, with the help of historical sources and information from scientific literature.</p> Gulchekhra Azizovna Agzamova Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 29 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND ITS INFLUENCE ON OTHER LANGUAGES <p>The article is devoted to the study of the place of the English language in the modern world. The reasons for the acquisition of the status of a global language by the English language, associated with its linguistic features, with the history of its distribution, are investigated.</p> Namozov Shahrosul Safarugli Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 29 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 THE MAIN ROLE OF BACTERIA IN THE CHEMOTAXIS PROCESS <p>There is a process in microbiology - chemotaxis. This means that microorganisms move towards organic compounds. Plant roots are rich in such compounds. Naturally, soil microorganisms move towards the root and start living in the root. They are interested in the long life of the plant. Therefore, it supplies all the necessary compounds for the plant.</p> Rozimova H. K. Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 29 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 CREATIVE COMPETENCE IS IMPORTANT VECTOR OF PREPARING FUTURE TEACHER <p>The article is devoted to the development of creative competence of students in the process of independent work. The directions of the formation of the pedagogical competence of the individual in the university are named.</p> L. N. Egamberdieva Copyright (c) 2022 Tue, 29 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 WHEN SAYING "VISUAL IMAGE" AND "AXONOMETRY" ON HOW IMAGES ARE UNDERSTOOD <p>The article emphasizes that the historical, scientific and illustra-tive material on axonometric (visual) images has a very impressive volume, when only a couple of hours of lectures and practical classes are given to study them in engineering graphics classes. The authors of the article put forward the idea of the need to rationalize the illustrative material used in the study of axonometry, the implementation of which will allow in a relatively short time to have time to pay attention to many of the main points of the object of study.</p> Sh. Abdurahmanov, S. Yoldoshev, Egamova Copyright (c) 2022 Wed, 30 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 METHODS OF FORMATION OF PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCE OF STUDENTS ON THE BASIS OF AN INNOVATIVE APPROACH <p>This study considers the introduction of a systematic approach in the training of higher education specialists, which effectively leads to the formation of their professional competence. The results of the study of professional difficulties of teachers of higher educational institutions in interaction with participants in the educational process are presented. The technology of training based on a systematic approach creates conditions for the systematic organization of the activities of participants in the learning process, as well as for the development of systems thinking skills and a systematic approach in cognitive, practical and other current and upcoming events. An important factor in the formation of the professional competence of future specialists is the formation of an indicative basis for their future professional activities. The characteristic of the structure and components of professional competence is given. Examples demonstrating the implementation of the formation of professional competencies with an emphasis on the current needs of society are also presented. A description of a significant increase in the professional competence of students after the correction of the methods of its formation is given.</p> Karimova Feruza Hamidorovna, Khakimova Love Fayziyevna Copyright (c) 2022 Wed, 30 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 MODELS OF DESIGNING CREATIVE ACTIVITIES IN MOTHER TONGUE TEACHING <p>In this article we are talking about how, in order to design the creative activity of students when teaching their native language, from the point of view of a teacher applying creative design, the following concepts are interrelated and subordinated: teacher and textbook, teacher and teaching materials, teacher and visual aids, student and textbook, student and teaching material, student and visual aids, from the point of view of the leading activity of the teacher engaged in designing during the lessons, the teacher and the project, the teacher and the student, the teacher and the student's attachments, the student and the teaching materials. Project activity should be considered as part of the professional competence of a teacher, which represents the unity of theoretical and practical training for the implementation of pedagogical activity and characterizes professional quality.</p> Aziza Khusenova Copyright (c) 2022 Wed, 30 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 ACTUAL ISSUES OF TEACHING THE SUBJECTS OF LAW IN MILITARY ACADEMIC LYCEUMS "TEMURBEKLAR SCHOOL" IN UZBEKISTAN <p>This article focuses on the issue of the effective and targeted use of the iSpring Suite 8 program in the teaching of law in military academic lyceums "Temurbeklar school" and the interaction of law with Informatics and Information Technology in the use of modern innovative methods in teaching legal disciplines in increasing the legal culture of students.</p> Shakirova Nafisa Abrarovna Copyright (c) 2022 Wed, 30 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 DRAWING ASSEMBLY DRAWINGS USING AUTOCAD COMPUTER GRAPHICS SOFTWARE <p>This article describes the development of spatial thinking and imagination of pupils and students, the formation of concepts, skills and experiences in drawing and processing assembly drawings of great economic importance in production using the AutoCAD computer graphics program. raised</p> Ismail Odilboyevich Ozodboyev Copyright (c) 2022 Wed, 30 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 FEATURES OF THE INTRODUCTION OF WATER-SAVING TECHNOLOGIES IN THE REPUBLIC OF UZBEKISTAN <p>The article analyzes the theoretical and practical issues of the introduction of water-saving technologies in the Republic of Uzbekistan, types of water-saving technologies, the organizational and legal basis for the effective use of water resources, the necessary measures for the careful use and management of water resources.</p> Jalolov Sherzod Rustamovich Copyright (c) 2022 Jalolov Sherzod Rustamovich Wed, 30 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 TECHNOLOGY OF PREPARATION, TRANSFER AND PLACEMENT OF FILLING MIXTURES <p>Multicomponent systems based on composite binders were used in the preparation of filling mixtures. according to its composition, filling mixtures belong to the type of liquid mixtures, which made it possible to transfer them to the excavated rock cavities, under the influence of gravitational forces, through pipelines at a certain angle.</p> Abdurahimov Abdukarim Abduhalimzoda Copyright (c) 2022 Wed, 30 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 ENHANCEMENT OF PORTLAND CEMENT CLINKER ACTIVITY USING INDUSTRIAL WASTE INCLUDING GYPSUM <p>Decree of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan No. PF-4947 of February 7, 2017 "On the Strategy of Actions for Further Development of the Republic of Uzbekistan", No. PQ-2615 of September 28, 2016 "Construction in 2016-2020 further development of the industryon the program of measures", PQ-3182 of August 8, 2017 "On priority measures to ensure rapid socio-economic development of the regions", PQ-4335 of May 23, 2019 No. "Addendum on the rapid development of the construction materials industryDecisions on measures" have been adopted, and the construction materials production industry is developing widely in our country.[1]One of the most promising directions in the use of industrial waste is its use as a building material in production. It meets 40% of the demand for raw materials.</p> Jovliyev Ziyodulla Copyright (c) 2022 Wed, 30 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 COMPOSITION, STRUCTURE AND PHYSICAL - CHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF PHOSPHOGYPSUM <p>Phosphogypsum is a grayish powdery mass of various moisture content collected in piles. In the process of processing Karatau phosphorites, it is formed from the conversion to phosphoric acid in the production of phosphorus fertilizers. According to information, the total amount of phosphogypsum accumulated in Uzbekistan is approximately 80 million. tons, of which 45 million in Almalyk chemical plant, 25 million in Samarkand chemical plant, 10 million in Yangikokan chemical plant. is a ton. Currently, the Yangikokan chemical plant is closed. 2,570,000 tons of phosphogypsum in the amount of 1,580,000 tons at the Samarkand chemical plant are dumped into heaps every year. The average chemical composition of phosphogypsum, in %, is as follows: CaO 26; SO3 36; SiO2 15; Al2O3 0.3; Fe2O3 0.2; MgO 0.01; P2 O5 1.2; fluorides 0.1-0.4.</p> Jovliyev Ziyodulla Copyright (c) 2022 Wed, 30 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 ROLE OF FILLER IN POROZED ARBOLT <p>In a market economy, the problem is especially acute for enterprises that produce modern energy-saving building materials, such as foam concrete, polystyrene concrete, etc. from rising cement prices. The reason for this is the increased (compared to traditional materials) consumption of high-quality cement and, as a result, high selling prices for finished wall materials. However, the need for energy-saving building materials is very high today. One of the ways to solve this problem is to master the production of porous building materials, in particular, porous wood concrete based on a multicomponent binder.</p> Turapov Farkhod Khursanovich Copyright (c) 2022 Wed, 30 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 GAME AS AN ACTIVITY AT THE FOREIGN LANGUAGE LESSON AS ONE OF THE BASIC WAYS OF LEARNING ENGLISH AT PRIMARY SCHOOL <p>Games always play a crucial role in teaching and involves a number of learning tasks. The pressing nature of this issue stems from the need to improve methods of psycho-pedagogical influence on the developing personality of the child in order to foster self-sufficiency in children's intelligent, communicative, and creative abilities.</p> N. Osarova Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 01 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT SKILLS IN MOTIVATING LEARNERS TO READ <p>The article is devoted to the issue of motivating learners to read in the English language. It also suggests some of the ways of raising the interest of learners to learn the English language.</p> Z. M. Tukhtasinova Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 01 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 THE ANALYSES OF EUPHEMISMS REFERRING BUSINESS, DISEASE AND MEDICINE <p>The article is devoted to lingo cultural features of euphemisms of English and Uzbek languages. It discusses the differences and similarities of euphemisms in both languages in the sphere of business, disease and medicine.</p> Hilola Ismailova Inomovna Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 01 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 BRAND NAMES BASED ON ZOONYMS <p>This article analyzes etymological and structural features of brand names based on zoonyms.</p> Zhurayeva Zulaiho Shamsiddinovna, Ahmadaliyeva Sabokhan Muradovna Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 01 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 LINGUCULTURAL ASPECT OF BARBARISMS IN ENGLISH AND UZBEK <p>The present article deals with the problem of communicative contextual, structural - semantic and discursive -linguistic cultural features of barbarism in Present Day English and Uzbek. The problem is very interesting and topical in present day linguistic situation in Uzbekistan where globalization made great steps to make it possible for Uzbek language to borrow endless and limitless words from the English language in very different fields and areas of word stock.</p> Gofurova Mavluda Botirjon kizi Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 01 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 ERGONYMS-ELEMENTARY FUNCTIONS OF LANGUAGE <p>In this article of onomastics composition entering ergonomics based on harvest done etymological name and structural to face analysis is done</p> S. Ahmadaliyeva Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 01 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 STYLISTIC FEATURES OF REPRESENTATION OF RELIGIOUS VOCABULARY IN MODERN LINGUISTICS <p>The article observes stylistic features and genre representations of religious vocabulary in contemporary linguistics. The study of the development of terminological systems in certain areas of knowledge and their role in the development of a language is one of the most important problems in modern linguistics. The solution to this problem is to study the great variety of sources of spiritual, academic, business, journalistic and other areas of human activity. Religious vocabulary is the richest layer of every language. The study of the use of religious terminology in the functional styles of languages makes it possible to clearly identify the psychological, categorical and subject meanings of this type of vocabulary in the system of indigenous language of nations. The aim of this research is to study styles and genres in which religious lexemes are found in modern linguistics. This is explained by the fact that language and religion are closely related. The influence of religion on language is an indisputable fact, because in every religion there is a number of lexemes that relate only to a particular faith. At the same time, some religious lexemes have become common and formed a part of the active vocabulary of languages. That is why we observe the following situation in the languages: religious terms appear in all styles of speech.</p> Bektoshev Otabek Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 01 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 CHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF LANGUAGE AND CULTURE IN THE FIELD OF TRANSLATION <p>The purpose of the article is to illustrate the characteristics of language and culture in translation. Moreover, it demonstrates some characteristics and peculiarities of translating language.</p> Shoxobiddinov Sirojiddin Isomiddin o'g'li Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 01 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 FOUNDATIONS OF RELIGIOUS STYLE IN LINGUISTICS <p>This article deals with the conditions, reasons and factors of characterization of religious style in the field of linguistics. In addition, religious style and its main peculiarities, its importance in the social life, and the functional features of religious style are highlighted in the article. As a result of our investigation, the following results were obtained: a) the increase in the need for the creation and significance of religious language, particularly religious texts has been scientifically proved; b) the possibility of religious texts to represent the thoughts of the people, culture and world outlook has been verified; c) the specificity of religious language, religious texts has been revealed; d) the development of religious style as a functional style has been grounded.</p> Bektoshev Otabek Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 01 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 STYLISTIC DEVICES AS A VERBALIZERS OF THE CATEGORY OF INTENSIFICATION/DEINTEN-SIFICATION IN THE LANGUAGE <p>This article touches upon expression of intensification with the help of stylistic devices, which allowed the author to reveal the universal features of the verbalizers and the factors preconditioning the latter. The role of stylistic devices in expressing intensification is extremely large. With the help of stylistic devices, the speaker has the opportunity to clearly, exaggerate and intensify his opinion to the listener. Almost all stylistic devices in the English language system participate in the process of expressing intensification. In this article the author tried to analyze only some of them.</p> Ziyaev Avazjon, Abdunazarova Nilufar Yorqin Qizi Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 01 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 LINGUOCULTUROLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF STABLE COMPOUNDS OF THE ANTHROPONYMIC COMPONENT IN LITERARY TRANSLATIONS OF TEXTS <p>The article discusses the features of the translation of literary texts, studied the main ways of creating anthroponyms and toponyms,<br>translation options and techniques used in the translation of anthroponyms and toponyms, as well as the problems that arise during their transmission are analyzed in detail.</p> Okhunjonov Akmaljon Shukhratovich Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 01 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 REGARDING THE CLASSIFICATION OF PHRASEOLOGICAL UNITS IN ENGLISH <p>It is known that in English and American linguistics, the term "phraseological unit" is not a term (phraseological unit), but a word called "stable expression" that essentially means the same thing, and along with the latter, Idiom (idioma) concept is also used. In English linguistics, idiom does not mean the narrow meaning of a phraseological combination, but all fixed phrases in general.</p> Khatamova Ziyoda Ghulomovna Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 01 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 EXPRESSING SEMANTIC CATEGORY OF VALUE WITH LEXICAL-SEMANTIC METHOD <p>It is acknowledged that humanity's main difference from other creatures is its highly developed intellect and the language that allows to fully express his feelings and participate in communication. In almost all languages, the most common form of information exchange is the word. Therefore, the level where the most of value relationship occurs during the exchange of information between the addresser and the addressee in communication is the lexicon.</p> Isakova Zilolakhon Zokirovna Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 01 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 INGLIZ TILIDA ALLYUZIYALARNING TURLARI VA VAZIFALARI <p>Allyuziya - bu til hodisasi bo'lib, u odatda til sifatida qabul qilinadi shaxsga, voqeaga ijtimoiy yoki siyosiy san'atga yoki boshqa adabiyot asariga bevosita murojaat qilishdir. Bu odatda tinglovchi/o'quvchiga murojaat qilishning bir turi bo`lib ma'ruzachi/muallif bilan bilim almashish va tinglovchi yoki o'quvchi so'zlovchining/muallifning niyatini tushunish uchun as qotadi. Aks holda allyuziya shunchaki dekorativ qurilma bo'lib qoladi. U orqali Aristotel va Platon kabi qadimgi taniqli faylasuflarning nutqlari ritorikasiga ishora qilinadi. Shunga ko'ra, u ushbu maqola ingliz tilida allyuziyalarning turlarini va funksiyalarini tasniflashga qaratilgan.</p> D.R.Xoshimova Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 01 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 THE IMPORTANCE OF STUDENT MOTIVATION <p>This article focuses on analyzing student motivation and effective ways of teaching English in the classroom.</p> Kadirova Dilfuza Alisherovna Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 01 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 CONTEXTUAL APPROACH IN TEACHING ENGLISH <p>This article deals with the use of contextual approach in teaching foreign languages. At resent much attention is aid to the language learning in a contextual environment. The article gives theoretical and practical application of contextual approach in teaching FL.</p> Ataxojayev Toxirjon Maxmudjonovich Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 01 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 MULTIPLE TASK TYPES IN IELTS WRITING <p>This article suggests crucial tips to complete writing task 1 in IELTS exam as the applicants may face difficulties dealing with describing line graph and pie chart. Some structures and essential vocabularies are introduced as well to lessen the hardship in writing task of IELTS.</p> D. Sh. Tirkashev Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 01 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 VERB WORD CLASSIFICATION BASED ON SEMANTIC TENDENCIES <p>The article attempts to study verb semantics and the content of words belonging to the verb-word group, describe it and its place in the language system, the direction of meaning of verbs and the classification of subjects and objects with which they come into contact.</p> Mahsudova Umida Abdusattar's daughter Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 01 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 EFFECTIVE TECHNOLOGY OF DEVELOPING LEARNERS’ CRITICAL THINKING SKILLS <p>The technology created on the basis of E. de Bono’s “Six Thinking Caps” theory, aimed at developing students’ critical thinking, and its application in English language education are highlighted in this article.</p> Z. Tukhtasinova Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 01 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 GREAT UZBEK WRITER ABDULLA AVLONIY'S VIEWPOINTS ON EDUCATION AND UPBRINGING <p>This work mainly invastigates Abdulla Avloniy’s work and his ideas about education and upbringing. Another goal from this work is to consider the features of lifestyle and upbringing methods of prominent poet Abdulla Avloni and his great attention to education in one of his immortal works “Turkic Gulistan or Ethics”. Moreover, it concerns developing standards for what constitutes "education" and the significance of learning in the development of educational fields. Building educational fields over cultural domains is achievable thanks to knowledge of education, which transforms information into knowledge and knowledge into education. And to do this, one must build an educational relationship in which shared activity serves as the main working tool while competently carrying out teaching functions.</p> Xilola Mahmudjonova Avazbek qizi Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 01 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 MODERN METHODS IN THE STUDY OF NOMINATIVE SENTENCES IN THE LANGUAGE SYSTEM <p>In modern linguistics, there are several different methods of researching nominative sentences in the language system. Currently, there are several types of these methods. The article discusses the methods used by American descriptive linguistics in the inventory of the grammatical level .</p> Azamova Dilafruz Bakhodirovna Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 01 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 REASONING ON THE HISTORY OF THE STUDY OF KINSHIP TERMS IN UZBEK AND ENGLISH LANGUAGES <p>The article deals mainly with a brief history of the study of the system of kinship terms on the materials of the Uzbek and English languages.</p> Vasila Vakhobovna Karimova, Munisa Karimova Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 01 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 ANALYSIS OF LEXICAL-SEMANTIC VARIANTS OF MEANS OF EXPRESSING THE MEANING OF INTIMACY IN THE FEMALE GENDER <p>The article provides information about the terms denoting the meanings of intimacy characteristic of the female gender in languages of different systems ; Linguistic features of such terms specific to the Uzbek language are compared with their alternatives in the English and Uzbek languages.</p> Vasila Vakhobovna Karimova, Munisa Karimova Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 01 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 IMPLAMETATION OF TEACHING ENGLISH LANGUAGE AS A TEAM STARTEGIES <p>In this article we broadly illustrate about teaching strategies in English language a team. Classroom participants communicate many different kinds of information to one another. They talk about the content of the curriculum, the methods they use to learn, and sometimes about the group processes of the class. Frequently, very personal messages with idiosyncratic actions are exchanged, messages that carry special meanings for that particular class.</p> Y. M. Usmonov, S. D. Abdurakhimova Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 01 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 SUPPLETIVISM OF THE LEXICAL PLAN IN THE TURKIC LANGUAGES ( BASED ON THE TERMS OF KINSHIP IN THE UZBEK LANGUAGE) <p>The article deals with one of the most important problems of the modern science of language, which was not the object of special consideration. This problem is the presence and functioning of suppletivism and lexical suppletives in the language.</p> Vasila Vakhobovna Karimova, Munisa Karimova Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 01 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 SCIENTIFIC-METHODICAL APPROACH TO PROCESSES INVOLVING "FUNDAMENTAL", "STRANGE" AND "CHARMING" PARTICLES DURING PRACTICAL TRAINING <p>In practical classes, analyzing and solving issues related to particles belonging to the class of hadrons with in-depth study of processes with the participation of a fundamental, strange and fascinating particle contributes a lot to the effectiveness of mastering elementary particle physics. In the process of practical training, it is considered important to dwell on what the universe that surrounds us is made of in order to describe particles belonging to the class of fundamental, strange and fascinating particles. As we know, the basis of any substance is atoms. Atoms combine to form molecules, and they, in turn, combine to form substances.</p> Madaliyev Akmaljon Makhammadjonovich Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 01 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 HARMONIOUS AND OSMAN NASIR Or "LOVE OF LIFE AND POETRY" <p>This article analyzed the article "love of life and poetry" written about the work of the people's poet of Uzbekistan Misyun Osman Nasir.</p> Marhabo Qo'chqorova Khudoyberganovna Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 01 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 TEACHING DRAWING SCIENCES USING COMPUTER GRAPHICS PROGRAMS <p>The article examines the features of using information and communication technologies in the educational process. In particular, the possibilities of ICT as a means of increasing the effectiveness of education in the educational process are described.</p> Javahir Makhtumkul ugli Hayitov Copyright (c) 2022 Fri, 02 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 USING THE MOST CONVENIENT METHOD OF FINDING EQUAL SIDED POLYGONS (By Dividing the Diameter into Equal Sections) <p>The article shows how to use an effective method of explaining to students by dividing circles into equal parts.</p> Israel Omandovlat ugli Jumayev Copyright (c) 2022 Fri, 02 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 THE ROLE OF FOREIGN EXPERIENCES IN PROMOTING PHYSICAL EDUCATION AND SPORTS <p>Dunyoning taraqqiy etgan ko‘pgina mamlakatlari rivojlanishiga turtki bo‘layotgan omillardan biri bu sport klublari o‘rtasidagi raqobatdir.</p> Bakhodir Muratovich Ishankulov Copyright (c) 2022 Fri, 02 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 DIDACTICS STUDY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF SYSTEMATICS OF BLUE-GREEN ALGAE (CYANOPHYTA) <p>This article discusses the issues of methodological features of studying the section of algae taxonomy, the formation of theoretical knowledge and practical skills in conducting research in the field of taxonomy, ecology of algae, studying the cycles of their development, developing skills in conducting field and laboratory algological studies, using high-tech laboratory equipment in the course of solving scientific problems in the field of algology, the formation of professional training for independent scientific, research and pedagogical activities, the essence of modern methods for collecting quantitative and qualitative samples of planktonic, periphytic and benthic algae, laboratory processing of material, taxonomic and morphometric processing of samples.</p> Abdumovlon Abduvalievich Temirov, Fazilatkhon Sheralibek kizi Sharipova, Durdona Salim kizi Bustonova, Navbakhor Davron kizi Bakhodirova Copyright (c) 2022 Fri, 02 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 METHODOLOGY OF USING INDEPENDENT LEARNING IN ORGANIZING EXTRA-CURRICULAR LESSONS <p>The technology of conducting practical training in drawing geometry has been developed. When doing this, the student is given drawings on topics related to independent learning in a ready-made workbook, which they do in their spare time. The workbook is so simple for the student that the student continues and completes the drawing from where he left off. Convenience of learning, efficiency, time spent and more issues allow you to strive for work.</p> Q. Sh. Bekkulov Copyright (c) 2022 Fri, 02 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 BASIC DIDACTIC PRINCIPLES IN THE PROCESS OF TEACHING THE SCIENCE OF DRAWING <p>Based on the teaching of the drawing lesson, ideas about didactic principles and teaching methods were given and shown. Today, to increase the effectiveness of the lesson and its quality, it is necessary to use the methods of transfer of principles widely. That is why this article focuses on these issues.</p> Nurbek Norboyugli Achilov Copyright (c) 2022 Fri, 02 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 MOSHNING SELEKSIYA KO‘CHATZORIDAGI NAV NAMUNALARINI TADQIQOT NATIJALARI <p>Maqolada moshning seleksiya ko‘chatzorida olib borilgan tadqiqot natijalari bayon etilgan bo‘lib, olib borilgan kuzatishlar va o‘rganishlar asosida standart navga nisbatan morfobiologik va qimmatli xo‘jalik belgilari bilan ajralib turuvchi nav namunalari ajratib olingan.</p> Idrisov Xusanjon Abdujabborovich, Olimova Zulxumor Qaxramonjon qizi, Jo‘rayeva Madinabonu Ma’rufjon qizi, Muxammadjonova Shukronaxon Shuxrat qizi Copyright (c) 2022 Fri, 02 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 PROBLEMS IN ACQUIRING LANGUAGE IN AN INDIVIDUAL SETTING <p>Each of us has come across such a phenomenon: some event excites one person, pushes him to speech acts, encourages him to express his opinion, but leaves the other indifferent; or: one person reads adventure literature all his life and watches only detective and entertainment films, the other is prone to historical novels or love lyrics. This is because every person is an individuality with all its inherent features. Didacts not accidentally put forward the principle of individualization and differentiation of education.</p> Nuriddinov Khusniddin Zafarjon o'g'li Copyright (c) 2022 Fri, 02 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 THE DEVELOPMENT OF SOCIOLOGY AND ITS ROLE IN THE LIFE OF SOCIETY <p>Sociology is a science that studies, analyzes the relationships between a single whole society, its life, its problems and those who live in it, and can conclude by relying on empirical data through scientific methods. It is formed only through the society, sociology also develops if society matures. In this article, opinions and reflections are made on the development of sociology and its role in the life of society.</p> Temirova Nilufar Erkinovna Copyright (c) 2022 Fri, 02 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 NEW WAYS OF TEACHING WRITING EFFICIENTLY <p>Writing is one of the important means of teaching foreign language speech, an important initial stage in the development of productive communicative activity. But, unfortunately, in our general education school, teaching writing was given secondary importance for a very long time. Writing was only a means of teaching other types of speech activity, a means that allowed students to better master the language material.</p> Yuldosheva Dilbarkhon Saidakhmedovna Copyright (c) 2022 Fri, 02 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 READING TECHNIQUES IN TEACHING ENGLISH TO INTERMEDIATE LEVEL STUDENTS <p>The main purpose of teaching a foreign language is the formation and development of foreign language communicative competence, that is, the ability of students to learn new words and phrases and use them in the process of communication, the ability to analyze their actions and words, the development of horizons, the ability to interest the interlocutor or listener, as well as the development of logic for a competent and consistent presentation of thoughts.</p> Mannonova Shakhnoza Copyright (c) 2022 Fri, 02 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 PRIORITIES FOR DEVELOPING THE INCOMES POTENTIAL OF THE REGIONS <p>In the thesis of the article, the priorities for developing the income potential of the regions are discussed with the author’s opinions. Relying on the results of scientific research in the framework of this topic, we achieved several scientific results that are important in the government policy on the strategy for developing the income potential of the regions of the Republic of Uzbekistan and the effective management of local finances in modern conditions.</p> Kobulov Kh. A., Akbarov M. A. Copyright (c) 2022 Fri, 02 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 WHY ROBOTICS IS NEEDED <p>Robots are slowly getting into people's professional and personal lives. Due to the problems faced by existing legislative framework and new legal and ethical questions, they require the attention of regulatory authorities. This article outlines ideas about innovations in robotics.</p> Nishonboyeva Komila Asqar qizi Copyright (c) 2022 Fri, 02 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 USE OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE IN THE CITY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM: INTERNATIONAL EXPERIENCES <p>One of the solutions for creating an effective urban infrastructure management system, which is widely used in foreign cities at the moment, is the concept of "Smart City", in which artificial intelligence and information and communication technologies play a key role.</p> Ilkhom Tursunbayevich Ismailov Copyright (c) 2022 Sat, 03 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 FORMATION OF TECHNICAL CREATIVITY OF STUDENTS <p>This article provides feedback on technical creativity and design.</p> Isaqova Zuhra Rafikovna Copyright (c) 2022 Sun, 04 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 THEORETICAL AND PRACTICAL STATE OF THE PROBLEM OF SENDING STUDENTS TO TRAINING CENTERS FOR OLYMPIC AND PARALYMPIC SPORTS <p>This article provides information on the theoretical and practical state of the problem of sending students to training centers for Olympic and Paralympic sports, the psychophysiological approach, the analysis of the questionnaire, cooperation, the problem of self-esteem.</p> Jamshid Abdumadjitovich Pulatov Copyright (c) 2022 Sun, 04 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 DEVELOPING THE METHODOLOGY OF TRAINING FUTURE INFORMATICS TEACHERS FOR TELECOMMUNICATION EDUCATION ACTIVITIES <p>This article provides recommendations and skills for improving the methodology of training future informatics teachers for telecommunication education activities.</p> Abdullayev Nozimjon Qodiraliyevich Copyright (c) 2022 Sun, 04 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000