https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/issue/feed Galaxy International Interdisciplinary Research Journal 2024-05-20T13:19:48+00:00 Dr. V. Choudhary editor@internationaljournals.co.in Open Journal Systems <p><strong>Galaxy International Interdisciplinary Research Journal (GIIRJ) </strong>is a monthly peer reviewed international journal. The international interdisciplinary journal publishes the articles in various disciplines. We invite authors to submit the original research papers for the current issue of our journal. GIIRJ is started with the vision of providing the platform to the researchers in 2013 and providing the services with best quality paper publications in the areas not limited Sciences, Humanities, Economics, Finance, Engineering, History, Educational Advancements, Education and Sports Sciences, Tourism and Physical Sciences. </p> <p><strong>A PEER REVIEWED REFEREED MONTHLY E-JOURNAL</strong></p> <p><strong>(ALL SUBJECT ONLINE MONTHLY JOURNAL)</strong></p> <ul> <li><strong>ISSN (E):</strong> 2347-6915</li> </ul> <ul> <li><strong>SJIF Impact Factor 2024</strong>: 8.346</li> </ul> <table style="height: 288px;" width="296"> <tbody> <tr> <td width="58"> <p><strong>Year</strong></p> </td> <td width="103"> <p><strong>SJIF Impact Factor</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="58"> <p>2023</p> </td> <td width="103"> <p>8.057</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="58"> <p>2022</p> </td> <td width="103"> <p>7.718</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="58"> <p>2021</p> </td> <td width="103"> <p>7.472</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="58"> <p>2020</p> </td> <td width="103"> <p>6.914</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="58"> <p>2019</p> </td> <td width="103"> <p>6.519</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p> </p> <ul> <li><strong>Submission Date:</strong> Open</li> <li><strong>Publication Date:</strong> Within 48 Hours </li> </ul> <p><strong>Send your Manuscripts to:</strong> editorgalaxyjournal@gmail.com</p> <p> </p> https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/5520 A HEALTHY LIFESTYLE IS A GUARANTEE OF HEALTH 2024-05-03T16:23:49+00:00 Sharipova Nazifa Nasimovna Sharipova@gmail.com Axmadjanov Gʻayratjon Axmadjon oʻgʻli Axmadjano@gmail.com Ergashaliev Ma’murjon Maxbubalievich Ergashaliev@gmail.com <p>This article delves into the profound impact of leading a healthy lifestyle on overall well-being. It examines various facets of health encompassed within a healthy lifestyle, including physical, mental, and emotional aspects. The article incorporates literature analysis to underscore the significance of adopting healthy habits and presents methodologies for integrating these practices into daily life. Furthermore, it discusses the tangible results that ensue from committing to a healthy lifestyle and provides insights for further discourse on the subject.</p> 2024-05-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/5521 ENTERPRISE PROFIT AND IT IN THE CONDITIONS OF MODERNIZATION OF THE COUNTRY WAYS OF MAXIMIZATION 2024-05-03T19:19:27+00:00 Abdug'aniyeva Zulkhumor Alijon qizi Alijonova@mail.in Mamayusupova Dilovarkhan Begmatovna Alijonova@mail.in <p>This article discusses the need to modernize, reorganize, enter the world market with quality and competitive products at the level of the country and the enterprise. It is written about the implementation of important changes in the field of technical technologies, education, and the quality of personnel in our country.</p> 2024-05-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/5522 EXTRACTION OF GOLD METAL FROM USELESS ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT 2024-05-04T02:57:14+00:00 Yakhayev Umar Abdukhakimovich umarya32@gmail.com Mamatkulov Elyor Kambaralievich elyormamatkulov30@gmail.com Abdumajidova Madina Nematulla's daughter Madina12@gmail.com Bozorov Ilyos Abduroxmonovich Ilyosbozorov182@gmail.comz <p>To study the process of extracting the gold contained in the solution by passing the gold metal from the obsolete electrical equipment into the solution. Acces.Currently, not only in Uzbekistan, but all over the world, there is a decrease in the base of ores and minerals for the extraction and production of non-ferrous, rare, scattered and rare metals, and the increase in the amount of waste, not only man-made secondary used useless electrical equipment, and as a result, the ecological balance 'change, it can be seen that it affects the climate changes as well. Taking these into account, man-made waste of production containing rare and rare metals, unusable electrical equipment, and waste processing are of particular importance. In this regard, it is of particular importance to determine the methods of processing mineral and secondary raw materials, to create technology for extracting non-ferrous and rare metals from the dust of metallurgical plants, and to develop resource-saving technology, as well as to improve and introduce existing technologies.</p> 2024-05-04T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/5523 CAUSES OF HEART DISEASES 2024-05-04T03:01:51+00:00 Нуримова Дилором Мажидовна Нуримова@gmail.com Сайдаминова Гулчехра Фарход қизи Сайдаминова@gmail.com <p>This article describes the causes of ischemic heart disease in humans, their pathology, clinical signs and consequences of ischemic heart disease .</p> 2024-05-04T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/5524 CHARACTERISTICS OF SOCIAL AND SPIRITUAL ASPECTS SPECIFIC TO RADICAL PERSONS APPEARING IN THE LIFE OF HUMANITY 2024-05-04T16:46:45+00:00 Khalilov Jamoliddin Sadikovich khalilova@gmail.com <p>This article describes the socio-spiritual aspects of radical individuals in human life. The article also talks about the manifestations of the socio-spiritual aspects characteristic of radical individuals in the modernizing Uzbekistan.</p> 2024-05-04T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/5526 THE EFFECT OF USING RECREATIONAL GAMES IN LEARNING THE SKILL OF HANDLING FROM ABOVE IN HANDBALL 2024-05-06T04:29:20+00:00 Naeem Mohammed Hben naaem.34df@gmail.com Samir Mohammed Hben naaem.34df@gmail.com <p>The researcher conducted this study to determine the magnitude of the influence of including recreational games in enhancing the proficiency of overhead handling in handball. The study sought to investigate the impact of including recreational games on the acquisition of aerial handling skills in handball. To elucidate the disparities between acquiring knowledge through recreational games and the conventional educational approach employed in schools for the mastery of aerial ball handling in handball. Regarding hypotheses, there are notable disparities in the pre- and post-measurements between the control and experimental groups, favoring the experimental group. The research methodology focused on the field procedures conducted within the student community of the second intermediate grade at the Great Majar al-Kabir High School for Outstanding Students in Misan Governorate during the academic year 2021/2022. The total number of students in this community was 58, and all of them were included in the research sample. The sample was further divided into a basic sample of 34 students and an exploratory sample of 20 students. The researcher utilized the statistical application SPSS to do appropriate statistical analyses on the research data. The researcher concluded that the experimental group, which used instructional units with recreational games, performed better than the control group that used the traditional technique when learning recreational games in learning the skill of handling from above in handball. The researcher suggests incorporating recreational games as a method for teaching fundamental abilities in handball based on these findings.</p> 2024-05-06T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/5527 THE EFFECT OF EDUCATIONAL MODELS USING VARIOUS METHODS IN LEARNING SOME BASIC SKILLS IN HANDBALL FOR STUDENTS 2024-05-06T08:10:55+00:00 Abbas Taha Hussein abbas_taha@uomisan.edu.iq <p>The field of education encompasses a broad range of teaching skills, including training, handling, and stability correction. There is a particular focus on the cognitive and performance aspects of teaching these skills. As the educational process has advanced and evolved, various methods have emerged to enable teachers to test and determine the most effective approaches for achieving educational goals and ensuring success. In his quest to address the challenges faced by students, the researcher identified a specific issue regarding the learning of handball among second-stage students. It became evident that these students require contemporary educational approaches that can enhance their learning outcomes. To address this, the researcher decided to explore innovative educational models and methods that can effectively elevate the students' performance level and align with their existing skills. The research aimed to develop educational units using various methods (interchangeable, micro-teaching, multimedia) and assess their impact on students' learning of basic handball skills. The study also sought to establish the significance of the research findings. Statistically significant differences exist between the pre- and post-tests of both the control and experimental groups, with the post-tests showing favorable results. The researcher has determined that the educational curriculum has a favorable impact on learning basic abilities, based on numerous methodologies and educational models. Handball has a significant impact on enhancing students' learning of fundamental skills. The researcher suggests using diverse educational models in the handball curriculum, as well as in other subjects and at various educational levels. Additionally, creating a suitable learning environment is crucial for achieving the desired teaching outcomes.</p> 2024-05-06T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/5528 REFLECTION OF PEOPLE’S ORAL CREATION PATTERNS IN ABDURAUF FITRAT’S RESEARCH 2024-05-06T09:19:31+00:00 Yakubova Zebuniso Yarkinjanovna yoqubovazebuniso0404@gmail.com <p>Abdurauf, as a great scholar of Fitrat’s era, conducted research in all directions of literary studies. Fitrat, as a textologist, source scholar, linguist, lexicographer, literary critic, and theoretician, created a number of scientific treatises and articles, and most of the scientific conclusions reflected in this scientific heritage serve as the basis for today’s research. Through this article, we will get acquainted with his thoughts and literary classifications related to literary studies and examples of folk oral creativity in his researches.</p> 2024-05-06T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/5529 THE ROLE OF MANAGEMENT IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURE IN NEW UZBEKISTAN 2024-05-06T09:21:54+00:00 Samadov Muhiddin Akhadovich Samadova@gmail.com <p>This scientific article examines the decisive role of effective management in the development of agriculture in the new Uzbekistan. At a time when significant economic and political reforms are being implemented in the country, effective and strategic management practices are essential to achieve sustainable growth and increase agricultural productivity. The article examines the developing landscape of agriculture, highlights the challenges facing the industry, and discusses the role of management in solving these challenges. It emphasizes the importance of innovation, modernization and inclusive decision-making processes in advancing the agricultural sector.</p> 2024-05-06T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/5530 THE IMPORTANCE OF THE GAME METHOD IN TEACHING SWIMMING 2024-05-07T11:05:04+00:00 Sultanov Bakhtiyor Abdumuratovich sultanovnekruz6@gmail.com <p>This аrticle аnаlyzes the importаnce of orgаnizing swimming lessons with young children through gаmes. In аddition, there is informаtion аbout the feаtures of trаining children in sports swimming.</p> 2024-05-06T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/5531 DEVELOPMENT OF DIGITALIZATION IN UZBEKISTAN 2024-05-07T12:07:09+00:00 Mokhinur Akhmedova Olimjon qizi Olimjonova@mail.in <p>The article defines the opportunities, advantages and disadvantages of the development of the digital economy, studies the stages of historical development of this sphere on the scale of developed countries of the world. It analyzes the level of development of the digital economy in Uzbekistan and, based on the experience of developed countries, outlines ways for further development of this area, elimination of existing shortcomings.</p> 2024-05-07T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/5532 EFFECTIVENESS OF THE USE OF EDUCATIONAL INNOVATIONS IN TEACHING THE TOPIC OF POLYATOMIC ALCOHOLS 2024-05-07T14:17:31+00:00 Nazarova Yulduz Atamuratovna ryulduznma@gmail.com Professor Allaniyazova M. K. ryulduznma@gmail.com Alauatdinov S. I. ryulduznma@gmail.com <p>This article provides information on the use of new pedagogical technologies based on creativity in teaching the topic of alcohols in chemistry classes.</p> 2024-05-07T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/5533 COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE LEXICAL UNIT "WOMAN" IN THE POETRY OF RUSSIAN AND UZBEK WRITERS FROM THE POINT OF VIEW OF DIFFERENT ARTISTIC MEANS OF EXPRESSION 2024-05-07T14:50:05+00:00 Adilova Dilorom Kadirovna Adilova@mail.ru <p>This article defines the word woman. The female figure is a very great figure. Necessary information was found about the role of the female figure in Uzbek Russian poetry and its comparative analysis. The information was written by using information from various journals and books.</p> 2024-05-07T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/5534 USING GAMES TO TEACH YOUNG CHILDREN ENGLISH LANGUAGE 2024-05-07T14:52:38+00:00 Safarova Zulfiya Karimovna safarovadilrabo71@gmail.com Normurodova Ozoda Rustambek qizi ozoda0999uz@gmail.com <p>This article is very useful for English and other language learners. The main method is playing games, which helps to improve the language learning process. The informations were written by using information from various journals and books.</p> 2024-05-07T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/5535 MEANING OF SYNONYMS IN ENGLISH 2024-05-07T14:54:51+00:00 Safarova Zulfiya Karimovna safarovadilrabo71@gmail.com Xusanova Mashura Burxanovna xusanovanafisa1989@gmail.com <p>This article is about synonyms and their meaning, occurrence and origin. Synonyms are very important, especially when using words interchangeably in a language can help improve the level of sentences. Synonyms can be helpful in expanding vocabulary and adding nuance to communication.</p> 2024-05-07T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/5536 INNOVATIVE MECHANISM OF STUDENT ACTIVITY MANAGEMENT 2024-05-08T15:45:28+00:00 Go’zalkhan Jalilova Akramovna Akramovna@mail.uz <p>Student activity management plays an important role in increasing the overall efficiency of pedagogical processes. In recent years, the integration of technology into educational institutions has led to innovative mechanisms that facilitate the management of student activities. This article focuses on the example of Pedagogical OTM (Opportunity, Time and Motivation) as a new framework that combines various elements to optimize student activity and create a comfortable learning environment. The article examines the components of Pedagogy HEI and discusses its potential impact on student performance management.</p> 2024-05-08T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/5537 WAYS TO IMPROVE MARKETING RESEARCH AT "UZMETKOMBINAT" JSC 2024-05-08T18:09:27+00:00 Musayeva Shaira Azimovna musaeva_shoira@mail.ru Usmanov Shakhzod Shokhrukhovich musaeva_shoira@mail.ru <p>In this articleOzmetkombinat JSCIn order to save consumers' time and not disturb them, a special entrance for trucks in the back of the store, an opportunity for consumers to choose as much as they want, customers to move freely, and to make the product affordable were considered.</p> 2024-05-08T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/5538 HIDDEN DANGERS: ANATOMY OF BANKING FRAUD 2024-05-08T18:14:52+00:00 Namozova Maftuna Utkirovna namozova.maftuna2004@gmail.com <p>This article provides a comprehensive examination of the pervasive threat posed by banking fraud in the modern digital world. Delving into various forms and methods employed by fraudsters, the article elucidates complex techniques such as phishing, card cloning, fraudulent transactions, and malware. It exposes the severe consequences for consumers, including financial losses and compromise of personal information. However, the article not only highlights the risks but also equips readers with strategies to protect themselves, advocating for practices such as robust password management, vigilant transaction monitoring, and user education.</p> 2024-05-08T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/5539 GENRES IN FINE ARTS 2024-05-08T18:18:47+00:00 Mambetkadirova Durdana Durdana@gmail.com <p>This study explores the multifaceted role of Uzbek fine arts in the context of global cultural exchange. Drawing upon a diverse range of literature and scholarly sources, including books, academic journals, and institutional websites, the research examines the significance of Uzbek fine arts in preserving cultural heritage, promoting cross-cultural understanding, and fostering artistic innovation on the global stage. The analysis encompasses various forms of Uzbek fine arts, including ceramics, textiles, miniature painting, and traditional architecture, highlighting their historical significance, artistic techniques, and contemporary relevance. Through case studies, examples, and empirical evidence, the study elucidates how Uzbek fine arts serve as vehicles for cultural diplomacy, economic development, and artistic collaboration, contributing to the enrichment of the global cultural landscape. The findings underscore the importance of recognizing and promoting Uzbek fine arts as valuable expressions of cultural identity, creativity, and human heritage in an increasingly interconnected world.</p> 2024-05-08T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/5540 DEVELOPING MEDICAL STUDENTS' GRAMMATICAL AND LEXICAL COMPETENCIES IN ENGLISH 2024-05-09T16:41:47+00:00 Urokova Nasiba Normurodovna n.urokova@tmuni.org <p>English language proficiency is essential for Uzbek medical students to access global medical knowledge, participate in international collaborations, and communicate effectively in clinical settings. This study examines strategies for enhancing Uzbek medical students' English grammatical and lexical skills. A literature review identified effective approaches including explicit grammar instruction, extensive reading and listening, medical vocabulary learning, and communicative practice. Analysis suggests that an integrated curriculum combining these strategies in a context-specific way is most beneficial. Uzbek medical schools should provide robust language support, leveraging available resources and technologies.</p> 2024-05-08T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/5541 METHODOLOGY OF TEACHING LEXICON IN ENGLISH TO ELEMENTARY SCHOOL STUDENTS 2024-05-09T16:45:19+00:00 Usmanova Gulmira Sultonovna Usmanova@gmail.com PhD. Maksudova Hilola Ferdinantovna hilolahaydarova@mail.ru <p>This article explores effective strategies for teaching lexis to elementary school students, emphasizing interactive and multisensory approaches tailored to young learners' developmental stages, focusing on age-appropriate strategies and activities that engage young learners and foster vocabulary development.</p> 2024-05-08T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/5543 CURRENT PROBLEMS OF PRE-SCHOOL PREPARATION OF SENIOR PRESCHOOL CHILDREN 2024-05-10T17:10:22+00:00 Han L. S. tendo81@mail.ru Ten D. O. tendo81@mail.ru <p>The article is devoted to the study of current problems of preschool preparation of children of senior preschool age. The paper examines the concept of “pre-school education” and the child’s readiness for school.</p> 2024-05-10T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/5545 FORMATION OF DEONTOLOGICAL COMPETENCE IN PREPARING UNIVERSITY STUDENTS FOR PEDAGOGICAL ACTIVITY 2024-05-11T05:00:38+00:00 Sadikova Shoira Odeldjanovna Shoira@mail.ru <p>The article examines the methodological, methodological and organizational-pedagogical conditions for the formation of deontological competence in the process of preparing university students for teaching activities. Also, the article outlines the structure and content of deontological competence, organizational forms, types and methods of training in the classroom and outside the classroom in the formation of deontological competence.</p> 2024-05-10T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/5544 PREPARING FUTURE MUSIC TEACHERS FOR CONDUCTING ACTIVITY 2024-05-11T04:57:13+00:00 M. Djumabayeva Djumabayeva@gmail.com <p>This article discusses the difference between the art of conducting and other types of art, and the history of its origin. The art of conducting is distinguished from other forms of art by its will, creative desire, harmony and unity with the team, enthusiasm and, most importantly, enough energy for the whole team.</p> 2024-05-10T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/5546 IN THE STUDY OF NATIONAL MUSICAL ART THERE IS A PLACE FOR THE SCIENCE OF MUSICAL CULTURE 2024-05-11T05:03:04+00:00 G. Shadiyeva Shadiyeva@mail.com <p>In the article, the attention paid to our national music art, the study of the art of status and its rich heritage, the development of music education and upbringing, the role of the science of music culture in this, its general secondary education Information is provided about teaching in the school, samples of Uzbek folk music and the content of the manuals published by our scientists and composers, important factors in the formation of a healthy outlook on the art of music in the education of young people.</p> 2024-05-10T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/5547 FORMATION OF CREATIVITY IN CHILDREN THROUGH MUSIC LESSONS 2024-05-11T05:05:34+00:00 Kabilova E.B. kabilovashaxnoza4@gmail.com <p>In this article, the formation of creativity in children through music lessons is discussed</p> 2024-05-10T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/5548 ANALYSIS OF SOURCES OF INVESTMENT SUPPORT FOR INNOVATIVE DEVELOPMENT OF THE NATIONAL ECONOMY THE REPUBLIC OF UZBEKISTAN 2024-05-11T10:23:34+00:00 Usmonova Dilfuza Ilhomovna dilfuza.kasimova.2015@mail.ru Usmanov Farzod Shokhrukhovich dilfuza.kasimova.2015@mail.ru <p>The article discusses the problems of investing innovative processes in the national economy of Uzbekistan. In particular, the author analyzed the current state of investment in the innovative development of the national economy, assessed the practice of stimulating innovation and investment activity in Uzbekistan, and developed scientific recommendations for increasing investment and innovation activity in sectors of the economy.</p> 2024-05-10T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/5549 TEACHING SPECIFIC TERMS IN ENGLISH CLASSES FOR ECONOMISTS 2024-05-11T10:26:53+00:00 Aziza Togaeva aziza_x@mail.ru <p>This article discusses teaching English for specific purposes (ESP) in higher education institutions. Moreover, it focuses on the English classes for economic students based on specific terminology. Suggestions will be given for organizing practical lessons using pedagogical technologies for future economists.</p> 2024-05-10T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/5550 EFFECTIVE WAYS TO DEVELOP WOMEN'S FOOTBALL 2024-05-12T04:45:42+00:00 O‘ralov Jasurbek Ravshan o‘g‘1i jasurbek219710@gmail.com <p>This article describes ways to develop women's football in our country, opinions of experts working in the field. It is aimed at implementing the most effective ways of developing the field</p> 2024-05-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/5551 DEVELOPMENT OF MANUAL WORK IN PRE-SCHOOL EDUCATION 2024-05-12T04:47:29+00:00 Karimova Shoira Bakhtiyarovna karimova.aziza2105@mail.ru <p>Labor education of preschool children cannot be imagined without active manual labor. In this type of activity, the child feels high interest. This factor has a positive effect on the general mental development of children. The article describes the benefits of manual labor for children of kindergarten age and the aspects required from pedagogues.</p> 2024-05-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/5552 METHODOLOGICAL AND THEORETICAL ASPECTS, CONCEPT AND ESSENCE OF INCLUSIVE EDUCATION 2024-05-12T04:49:58+00:00 I. M. Eshboltayev Eshboltayev@gmail.com D.R. Masodiqova Masodiqova@gmail.com <p>Etymology of the concepts of integration, inclusion, definition of their content area. Category of inclusion in philosophical, legal, sociological, psychological and pedagogical sciences.</p> 2024-05-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/5553 EFFECT OF COMPOSITE ABSORBENT ON CORROSION OF CARBON STEEL 2024-05-12T08:20:09+00:00 O. Yu. Aripdjanov aripdjanov81@gmail.com <p>It is studied speeds, corrosion of a carbonaceous steel of mark of item 10 with composite absorbents МDEА+DEA+ -nitrogen compound water-soluble polymer and it is found, that degree of saturation H2S and CO2 and temperature substantially is defined its corrosion by properties.</p> 2024-05-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/5554 EFFECT OF COMPOSITE ABSORBENT ON CORROSION OF CARBON STEEL 2024-05-13T06:10:24+00:00 O. Yu. Aripdjanov aripdjanov81@gmail.com <p>It is studied speeds, corrosion of a carbonaceous steel of mark of item 10 with composite absorbents МDEА+DEA+ -nitrogen compound water-soluble polymer and it is found, that degree of saturation H2S and CO2 and temperature substantially is defined its corrosion by properties.</p> 2024-05-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/5555 IMPROVING THE PROCESS OF TEACHING BIOLOGY BASED ON THE INTEGRATION OF NATURAL SCIENCES: A REVIEW OF EXPERIMENTS AND STUDIES 2024-05-13T06:12:37+00:00 Mukhsinboyev Odilbek odilbekusmonjonov1999.09.17@gmail.com <p>The article explores the issue of improving the process of teaching biology based on the mutual integration of the Natural Sciences. The processes of conducting pedagogical experiment work to test in practice the methodological support developed in this regard are highlighted. In improving the teaching of Science, the development of mental and practical activity skills of students, the importance of Natural Sciences in everyday life are analyzed.</p> 2024-05-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/5556 BASIC PRINCIPLES OF TECHNOLOGY FOR TEACHING METHODOLOGICAL SUBJECTS IN PRESCHOOL EDUCATION 2024-05-13T06:15:55+00:00 Nazirova Gulnora Rakhmonovna gulnora.solijonova@tdtu.uz <p>An educational institution should form a person's main need - the need for self-development, since human life is woven from a variety of technologies (activities that are functionally interconnected.</p> 2024-05-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/5557 THE IMPORTANCE OF ORGANIZING CHILDREN'S ACTIVITIES IN PREPARATION FOR SCHOOLING 2024-05-13T06:19:19+00:00 Karimova Shoira Bakhtiyarovna karimova.aziza2105@mail.ru <p>The prerequisites for successful schooling are the preparation of preschoolers for this. Readiness for learning is the formation of all mental processes, as well as the personality of a preschooler as a whole, at the level that is necessary for successful adaptation and learning in elementary school. Despite the differences in approaches to learning, the parameters for which in currently assessing the readiness of the child for school.</p> 2024-05-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/5558 PROBLEMS OF WORKING WITH PARENTS OF CHILDREN NOT INVOLVED IN PRESCHOOL EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS 2024-05-13T06:21:46+00:00 Toshmatova Zamiraxon Zhumanovna Toshmatova@mail.in <p>Education is a very responsible matter. It is doubly responsible when it comes to educating preschoolers. After all, it is during this period that the foundation of a person’s personality is laid. To understand a small child, to teach him something, you need to know, understand and be able to do a lot. Traditionally, the first and main institution for raising a child is the family. The family is a special kind of collective that plays a long-term and special role in the education of the receptive.</p> 2024-05-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/5559 CRITERIA FOR THE FORMATION OF INCLUSIVE COMPETENCE COMPONENTS OF FUTURE TEACHERS 2024-05-13T06:23:51+00:00 Abdubannobova Mahliyo Abdurashid qizi mahliyoadbubannobova2@gmail.com <p>What is the inclusive competence of future teachers in this article and the criteria for shaping its components. With these criteria, it is possible to determine the extent of inclusive competence of the future teacher and to analyze the regulatory and legal documents adopted in my country regarding inclusive education.</p> 2024-05-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/5560 THE IMAGE OF WAR IN A.GELASIMOV'S NOVEL "STEPPE GODS" 2024-05-13T06:26:54+00:00 Isaeva Yuliya Isaeva@mail.ru <p>The possibilities of depicting the Great Patriotic War, not based on the writer's personal experience, as well as the dominant aspects of the image and ethico-social and philosophical emphases are studied. Gelasimov's A. novel is interpreted not as a new word in war literature, but as an approximation to potential and fruitful artistic trends in modern literature.</p> 2024-05-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/5561 THE THEME "MAN AND WAR" IN V.O. BOGOMOLOV'S NOVEL "MY LIFE, OR DID YOU DREAM ME..." 2024-05-13T06:28:37+00:00 Isaeva Yuliya Isaeva@mail.ru <p>The article deals with the image of a man at war in V.O. Bogomolov's novel "My Life, Or You Dreamed Me...". It shows the differences of characters and motives that motivate people who have gone through the war to certain actions.</p> 2024-05-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/5562 AUDITING COMPLIANCE AND ITS ROLE IN COMBATING FINANCIAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE CORRUPTION: AN APPLIED STUDY AT THE MUSAYYIB TECHNICAL INSTITUTE 2024-05-13T06:30:08+00:00 Rafid K. Nassif Al-Obaidi inm.raf@atu.edu.iq <p>This research sought to explain the role and importance of compliance auditing and its quality requirements in light of INTOSAI Standard 3000. It also explained the role of compliance auditing in combating financial and administrative corruption. The Al-Musayyib Technical Institute was chosen as a group for the study, and a random sample of 20 individuals was selected from individuals working in the Auditing Division and the Financial Division. The study concluded that compliance auditing has a role in combating financial and administrative corruption, and that the internal auditor reflects the civilized face of the administration by exercising its duties and achieving its goals on a mission. He completed his face. One of the most important recommendations presented by the research is to oblige all institutions to work on compliance auditing and to select competent, honest, and specialized employees to work in the audit divisions to ensure that the audit objectives are achieved.</p> 2024-05-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/5563 THE IMPACT OF ADOPTING SUSTAINABLE INNOVATION IN ACHIEVING GREEN CORE CAPABILITIES-AN ANALYTICAL STUDY IN GARMENTS FACTORY IN ALNAJAF AL-ASHRAF 2024-05-13T06:32:14+00:00 Lecturer: Mundher Abbas Shaalan Mundher97@atu.edu.iq <p>The main purpose of this research is to study the role of sustainable innovation in achieving green core capabilities in garments factory in alnajaf al-ashraf. The study attempted to answer a number of questions, the most important of which is what is the degree of practice of sustainable innovation in the sample factory of the research in the Holy City of Najaf, and to determine the extent to which the relationship and impact of adopting sustainable innovation in achieving green core capabilities in the laboratory research sample in Najaf. Two main hypotheses were tested, each hypothesis included three sub-hypotheses, The research was applied to a sample of (34) individuals from the managers and workers of the researched laboratory in Najaf Al-Ashraf, and the data was analyzed using the SPSS program. The most important findings of the research are that the management of the researched laboratory lacks expenses for sustainable environmental innovation, especially in the field of green spaces, pollution measurement technology, and others, due to the decline in funding resources for the industrial sector, While the study recommended motivating manufacturing organizations in general, through the Ministry of Industry, especially the laboratory under study, to adopt sustainable environmental innovation behaviors as an urgent competitive strategy for our national organizations through funding the industrial sector in this field, in a way that ensures improved sustainability in performance.</p> 2024-05-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/5564 COMPUTER CRIME PSYCHOLOGY: MOTIVATIONS AND DRIVING FACTORS 2024-05-14T06:27:20+00:00 Qurbonova Aziza Davlat qizi aziza_x@mail.ru <p>This article provides information on what motivates individuals to engage in illegal online activities to effectively combat computer crime and the psychological factors, psychological profiles and motivations that incite them. In addition, the modification of cybercrime types and the psychological portrait of a computer criminal have been interrupted separately.</p> 2024-05-13T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/5565 THE INFLUENCE OF THE ANGLE OF SETTING THE FERTILIZER TRANSMISSION PART OF THE UNSYMMETRICAL SIDE OF THE FERTILIZER BETWEEN THE COTTON ROW ON ITS PERFORMANCE INDICATORS 2024-05-14T06:34:17+00:00 Haydarova Shakhnoza Zakirjonovna haydarovabdu@rambler.ru Davlitova Mohigul Mirzagani qizi Davlitova@gmail.com <p>This article provides information on the study of the influence of the setting angle of the symmetrical side of the fertilizer transfer part of the working body that applies fertilizer between cotton rows to the direction of movement on its performance. In order for the fertilization depth and soil spreading to the side to be at the level of agrotechnical requirements, and the traction resistance to be minimal, the methods of determining the angle of installation of the symmetrical side of the fertilizer transfer part of the fertilizer transfer body with respect to the direction of movement are explained.</p> 2024-05-13T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/5566 WAYS TO IMPROVE THE MECHANISM FOR ASSESSING THE QUALITY OF CONSTRUCTION WORKS 2024-05-14T06:46:16+00:00 Usmanov Ilkhom Achilovich Usmanova@gmail.com Jumanov Sherzod Norboevich Usmanova@gmail.com <p>The quality of construction works is one of the main means of competitiveness in the field. Objective and rapid assessment of quality in construction is an urgent scientific and methodological problem. Many developments have been devoted to this problem, but no unified approach has been developed to date. In this article, the authors proposed an improved economic mechanism for assessing the quality of works in construction.</p> 2024-05-13T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/5567 INTERPRETATION OF TEXT CREATION AS A TYPE OF DISCURSIVE ACTIVITY IS A DYNAMIC FEATURE OF THIS PHENOMENON 2024-05-14T06:53:00+00:00 Akhmedov Umid Usobovich axmedovumidjon87@mail.com <p>Interpretation of text creation as a type of discursive activity requires paying more attention to the dynamic features and process signs of this phenomenon. It is impossible to imagine the text as an unchanging, motionless, stable phenomenon. In order to determine the status and categorical features of the text, it is necessary to pay more attention to its aspects related to conscious discursive activity. As a result of a new approach to the interpretation of linguistic phenomena, the purpose of the research is to determine the aspects of text creation related to the human cognitive ability.</p> 2024-05-14T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/5568 FORMATION OF INTER-RELIGIOUS TOLERANCE AS A FACTOR OF SOCIAL STABILITY IN UZBEKISTAN 2024-05-14T10:13:34+00:00 Shakirjan Mamajanovich Zakirov Zakirova@mail.in <p>The article is devoted to the disclosure of issues of interreligious tolerance as a factor of social sustainability and stable development. It pays great attention to the policy pursued in Uzbekistan in the field of interreligious relations, aimed at realizing one of the most important human rights, the right to freedom of religion. The article contains a large number of references to the legislative acts of the Republic of Uzbekistan, indicating that the state guarantees freedom of conscience and the separation of the state from religion and church. The result of the study of interreligious relations in Uzbekistan is that the further stable development of the country is largely connected with the strengthening of interreligious consensus in society.</p> 2024-05-14T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/5569 PHILOSOPHICAL ESSENCE OF MORAL VALUES 2024-05-14T10:17:51+00:00 Nasimov Azizbek Azimovich Nasimova@gmail.com <p>The article analyzes the philosophical aspects of views on ethics and moral values. Also, the content of thoughts about the philosophical essence of moral values is highlighted.</p> 2024-05-14T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/5570 GRADUONIMIC APPROACH IN LEARNING DICTIONARIES 2024-05-14T10:21:52+00:00 Kakhramon Eshboev eshboyev@gmail.com <p>We know that educational lexicography is recognized as a separate independent field of lexicography. In her dissertation entitled “Educational lexicography in Uzbekistan: linguistic foundations, history and perspectives” [1], Professor B.Bahriddinova brings the issue and tasks of modern educational lexicography to the agenda. B.Bahriddinova reacts to the problems and tasks related to educational lexicography as follows: attention was drawn. The linguo-didactic direction between linguistics and pedagogy is developing as a special branch of educational vocabulary. At the moment, educational dictionaries are used in the educational system as an auxiliary tool for school textbooks, which fulfill an important socio-political and cultural task in educating a generation that is faithful to national values, has a broad worldview, is mature, independent-minded, fluent in oral and written speech. occupies a special place”[1].</p> 2024-05-14T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/5571 VIRTUAL REPUBLIC 2024-05-14T12:17:31+00:00 Tukhtasinov Alyorbek alyortuxtasinov2@gmail.com Kuldoshev Otabek kuldoshevotabek87@gmail.com <p>In the ever-evolving landscape of the Digital Age, a new concept is emerging - Virtual Republic. This article extends deep into the nation's paradigm run by hackers, exploring the consequences of their infiltration into our lives through a virtual republic. Revealing the activities, goals, and significance of this mysterious Virtual Republic is vital to understanding the complexities of our interconnected world.</p> 2024-05-14T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/5572 GOAT MILK, ITS PHYSIO-CHEMICAL PROPERTIES AND ROLE IN HUMAN HEALTH IMPROVEMENT 2024-05-15T09:34:03+00:00 Saparova G. B. Saparova@mail.ru Arpadinova E. Arpadinova@gmail.com <p>The article describes the use of dairy products since ancient times. Due to the negative impact of the environment on the human body, which has led to its significant change, there is a need to use milk and dairy products to maintain immunity. Milk is a complex biological fluid that contains a significant amount of useful components<br>The paper presents a comparative analysis of cow's and goat's milk. Goat's milk has healing properties and supports the human intestinal microflora.</p> 2024-05-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/5573 CREATION OF STRATEGIC ALLIANCES IN THE EDUCATIONAL PROCESS 2024-05-15T14:10:18+00:00 Sidikova Dinara Alibekovna Sidikova@mail.uz Morkhova Inessa Vyacheslavovna Inessa@mail.uz <p>The essence of a strategic alliance is explored. The advantages and disadvantages of a strategic alliance are considered. Cooperation between enterprises and educational institutions is justified. The benefits for the participants of the strategic alliance are systematized and justified.</p> 2024-05-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/5574 FORMATION OF DEONTOLOGICAL COMPETENCE AMONG FUTURE TEACHERS 2024-05-15T14:14:37+00:00 Shodieva Ranokhon Abdumadzhid kizi Shodieva@gmail.com Morkhova Inessa Vyacheslavovna Inessa@mail.uz <p>An important condition for increasing the effectiveness of the interaction of teachers with maladapted students is the strengthening of the deontological orientation of pedagogical activity, which determines the relevance of the problem of developing the deontological readiness of future teachers to interact with maladapted adolescents of various categories (students with special needs of psychophysical development, gifted adolescents, students in dysfunctional, socially unprotected and dysfunctional families left without parental care, orphans, teenagers with deviant behavior, foreign students, etc.).</p> 2024-05-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/5575 TECHNOLOGY OF SCENARIO-STRATEGIC ANALYSIS AND PLANNING 2024-05-15T14:18:46+00:00 Jumaniyazova Dilbar Azatovna dilbar.abdurazakova@mail.ru Morkhova Inessa Vyacheslavovna Inessa@mail.uz <p>The entire range of educational services provided by state and non-state universities of various importance does not always adequately reflect the transformation of the requirements of the socio-economic sphere of modern society. The article discusses the importance of technology of scenario-strategic analysis and planning of organizations.</p> 2024-05-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/5576 THEORETICAL ASPECT OF ORGANIZATIONAL METAPHORS 2024-05-15T14:21:17+00:00 Dauletmuratova Gozzalkhon Kobeysin kizi Inessa@mail.uz Morkhova Inessa Vyacheslavovna Inessa@mail.uz <p>The article discusses the issues of metaphorical reflection of the structure and content of the activities of organizations, giving an idea of the peculiarities of their behavior and management at the present stage.</p> 2024-05-14T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/5577 THEORETICAL ASPECT OF BACKGROUND 2024-05-15T14:23:42+00:00 Morkhova Inessa Vyacheslavovna Inessa@mail.uz <p>There has been a growіng debate about the role of hіstory іn management research wіth several authors makіng suggestіons on how to brіng the two (back) together and others even hіghlіghtіng the need for a “hіstorіc turn”. Fіrst of all, we present a systematіc overvіew of the way hіstory has been used—both at the mіcro (organіzatіonal) and macro-levels of analysіs—dіstіnguіshіng between what we refer to as “hіstory to theory” and “hіstory іn theory”.</p> 2024-05-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/5578 THEORETICAL ASPECT OF INTERCULTURAL COMPETENCE 2024-05-15T14:25:35+00:00 Irtuganova Diana Nailievna feruza.elmurodova.90@bk.ru Morkhova Inessa Vyacheslavovna Inessa@mail.uz <p>'Іntеrсulturаl соmpеtеnсе', іs а tеrm whісh hаs bесоmе еssеntіаl іn tеасhіng pedagogіcal scіence nоwаdаys, іt hаs аffесtеd оthеr subjесts – аnd hаs bееn usеd іn mоdеrn sосіеtіеs іn gеnеrаl. Іn thе pаst twеnty yеаrs, іntеrсulturаl соmmunісаtіоn hаs bееn studіеd by thе rеsеаrсhеrs frоm dіffеrеnt dіsсіplіnеs аs а wаy tо mаkе glоbаlіzаtіоn wоrk аnd nоt аffесtіng thе lосаl сulturеs аnd prеsеrvе dіvеrsіty аnd undеrstаndіng аmоng thе соuntrіеs аll оvеr thе wоrld.</p> 2024-05-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/5579 EDUCATION OF YOUTH IN THE SPIRIT OF HUMANITY 2024-05-16T15:51:10+00:00 Khikmatov Fakhrullo Fatulloevich Khikmatova@mail.in <p>This article talks about the importance of educating young people in the spirit of humanism, providing them with religious and secular education.</p> 2024-05-16T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/5580 EFFICIENCY OF SOLAR ENERGY USAGE BY APPLYING SOLAR PANELS IN THE HOUSEHOLD 2024-05-16T15:55:13+00:00 J. Abdunabiyev Toyirov@gmail.com N.Toyirov Toyirov@mail.ru S.O‘rinboyev Toyirov@mail.ru M.Ergashev Toyirov@mail.ru <p>To assist individuals desiring to benefit the worldwide work of Jehovah's Witnesses through some form of charitable giving, a brochure entitled Charitable Planning to Benefit Kingdom Service Worldwide has been prepared. This article explored ways to use solar energy and the efficiency of using panels in the household.</p> 2024-05-16T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/5581 GENETIC ANALYSIS OF THE LEXICAL-SEMANTIC GROUP "SPIRITUALITY" IN THE UZBEK LANGUAGE 2024-05-16T17:03:58+00:00 Mirhaydarova Nodira Haitboyevna nodimir7001@gmail.com <p>"Encyclopedia of Islam", "Philosophy" encyclopedic dictionary, "Annotated dictionary of Alisher Navoi's works" under the editorship of Z. Husniddinov in the analysis of the dictionary meanings of the elements of the "spirituality" category in the current Uzbek literary language , "Etymological dictionary of the Uzbek language",<br>The key to perfection and "Spirituality (explanatory dictionary of the main concepts)" can be based on such sources. "Devoni lug'otit turk" combines the characteristics of linguistic and encyclopedic dictionaries. This rare historical monument shows the possibility of expressiveness and imagery of the language of the Turkic peoples</p> 2024-05-16T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/5582 INTERPRETATION OF WORDS BORROWED FROM GERMAN INTO RUSSIAN IN PERIODS 2024-05-17T09:13:57+00:00 Ergasheva Fotima Baxrom qizi fotima@tersu.uz <p>As we learn a language in linguistics, by itself we are forced to study the sources of borrowing of the language, one factor from the sources of borrowing of the language is a word from other languages. in this article we will explore the words borrowed from German into Russian by periods.</p> 2024-05-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/5583 SOCIO-PHILOSOPHICAL ISSUES OF POVERTY REDUCTION IN UZBEKISTAN 2024-05-17T12:38:04+00:00 Maxmudov Rustamjon maxmudova@gmail.com <p>Poverty reduction is a concern of politicians and development practitioners around the world, and Uzbekistan is no exception. As a post-Soviet country, Uzbekistan has faced significant socio-economic problems, including widespread poverty, since its independence in 1991. Despite some progress in recent years, poverty remains a widespread issue, affecting approximately 12% of the population, according to the World Bank. This article examines the socio-philosophical issues underlying poverty reduction in Uzbekistan, exploring the complex interplay between economic, political, and cultural factors that impede poverty alleviation efforts.</p> 2024-05-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/5584 SOME IMPORTANT INFECTIOUS ASPECTS OF SOMATIC PATHOLOGY IN CHILDREN 2024-05-18T16:28:07+00:00 Arzibekov Abdikadir Gulyamovich Gulyamovich@gmail.com <p>The frequency of infectious pathology is growing every year; opportunistic and viral infections, which are prone to a protracted and recurrent course, come to the fore. There are indications of a connection with the infectious onset of a number of autoimmune diseases, chronic pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract, bronchopulmonary and cardiovascular systems. The role of intrauterine viral infection in the formation of congenital malformations is undeniable. Thus, there is every reason to believe that achieving progress in reducing childhood morbidity and mortality and improving the quality of life of children and adolescents is possible only through the joint efforts of pediatricians and infectious disease specialists.</p> 2024-05-18T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/5585 FEATURES OF ACUTE BRONCHITIS IN CHILDREN: STATE OF THE PROBLEM, SOLUTIONS 2024-05-18T16:30:52+00:00 Makhpieva Guldonakhon Kobiljanovna Guldona@gmail.com <p>The article presents data on the structure of morbidity and features of the modern course of respiratory diseases in children of Andijan. The relevance, place among bronchopulmonary diseases, and features of the course of modern bronchitis in childhood are determined. A brief clinical description is given and the main approaches to the treatment of acute bronchitis are identified. Data from clinical experience with the use of the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug fenspiride hydrochloride in children are presented.</p> 2024-05-18T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/5586 GENE-GENE INTERACTION OF POLYMORPHISMS 5A/6A OF THE MMP3 GENE AND 1562 C/T OF THE MMP9 GENE IN PATIENTS WITH CEPHALGIC SYNDROME WITH AND WITHOUT CEREBRAL VASCULAR ANOMALIES 2024-05-18T16:33:28+00:00 Rakhmatullayeva Gulnora gulnora.solijonova@tdtu.uz Dustmukhamedova Risolat gulnora.solijonova@tdtu.uz <p>One of the possible causes of headaches is abnormalities of cerebral vascular development. In this regard, the study of molecular-genetic manifestations of gene-gene interactions is highly relevant. Therefore, in the course of analyzing the data of molecular-genetic studies, we studied gene-gene interaction of polymorphisms 5a/6a of MMP3 gene and 1562 C/T of MMP9 gene in patients with cephalgic syndrome with and without cerebral vascular anomalies. The study of which showed certain changes characteristic for these interactions. The analysis of "gene-gene interactions" in the studied groups revealed a number of genotypic combinations. The combination of two "unfavorable genotypes" was found in 15 patients (22.7%) and 8 healthy individuals (12.3%).</p> 2024-05-18T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/5587 QSOCIAL ROLE AND SPECIFICITY OF ROLE DISTRIBUTION IN FAMILIES OF DIFFERENT CATEGORIES 2024-05-18T16:36:12+00:00 Жалолова Моҳигул Одилжон қизи Жалолова@gmail.com <p>The family is considered an object of study in various fields of science, and each subject studies the family based on its categorical apparatus and purpose. In sociology, the institution of family is classified on the basis of various indicators that differ from each other in function. In this classification, the military family is distinguished by its social, psychological, and sectoral characteristics. The article presents an empirical study of the distribution of roles in military and non-military families.</p> 2024-05-18T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/5588 SOCIAL PARTNERSHIP IN SOCIAL WORK 2024-05-18T18:54:14+00:00 Suyumova Markhabo Markhabo@mail.uz M. Abdurakhmonova abdurakhmonova@gmail.com <p>This is in the article, social affairs about information and social of partnership importance as well as social at work social of partnership positive and negative characteristics about data given passed . Both social of partnership time on demand suitable big features about wide data given passed.</p> 2024-05-18T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/5589 INFORMATION DISCLOUSURE VULNERABILITIES 2024-05-18T18:56:47+00:00 O`ralov Javlonbek Bahodir o`g`li uralovjavlonbek0001@gmail.com Surayyo Rajabboyeva Baxrom qizi Surayyobaxromqizi@gmail.com <p>Information disclosure, the act of revealing pertinent data and information to relevant stakeholders, plays a critical role in modern organizational dynamics. This article delves into the multifaceted nature of information disclosure, examining its implications for corporate transparency, stakeholder trust, and regulatory compliance. We explore the theoretical underpinnings of information disclosure, differentiating between voluntary and mandatory disclosures, and assess the impact of technological advancements on the ease and scope of information dissemination. The article also investigates the strategic considerations organizations must balance when deciding what information to disclose, including the potential risks and benefits. By analyzing case studies from various industries, we highlight best practices and common pitfalls in information disclosure strategies. Ultimately, this article provides a comprehensive overview of the current landscape of information disclosure, offering insights for both scholars and practitioners seeking to navigate this complex and evolving field.</p> 2024-05-18T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/5591 THE IMPACT OF ADMINISTRATIVE FORTIFICATION ON THE LIQUIDITY OF STOCKS IN COMPANIES LISTED IN THE IRAQI MARKET FOR SECURITIES 2024-05-19T16:15:23+00:00 Tammar Salih Jawad Hayder tamarsaleh1@gmail.com <p>This research aims to investigate the impact of administrative fortification mechanisms on the financial performance of companies listed on the Iraq Stock Exchange. The study involves a random sample of companies, and a cross-sectional time series data model will be used to analyze the data.<br>The study involved analyzing cross-sectional time series data using two models - a fixed effect model and a random effect model.<br>The study found that the independence of the Board of Directors x1, Administrative Ownership x2, the dual role of the Director x3, and the Term of CEO x4 are independent variables that have a significant impact on financial performance variables with a confidence factor of 95%. This was concluded by applying both the fixed effect model and the random effect model. The research aims to prove the validity of three hypotheses. The first hypothesis is that there is a fundamental relationship between administrative fortification mechanisms and the rate of return on assets, with a confidence factor of 95%. The second hypothesis is that there is an essential relationship between administrative immunization mechanisms and the rate of return on shareholders’ equity, also with a confidence factor of 95%. The third hypothesis is that there is a fundamental relationship between administrative fortification mechanisms and earnings per share, which was proven correct with a confidence factor of 95%.</p> 2024-05-19T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/5592 THE EFFECT OF PREVENTIVE AND REHABILITATIVE EXERCISES FOR THE ANKLE JOINT ACCORDING TO SOME BIOMOTOR ABILITIES OF YOUNG HANDBALL PLAYER 2024-05-19T16:18:31+00:00 Dr. Nawfal Dakhil nawfal.dakhil@atu.edu.iq <p>Sports training and sports medicine are considered important and specialized basic sciences, in which medical sciences are used and applied from a preventive and rehabilitative perspective, as these sciences have contributed to developing and codifying training loads to be more appropriate to the body’s endurance capacity and to benefit from the positive effects of the body’s functional condition. The importance of the research lies in providing preventive and rehabilitative exercises that contribute to reducing the possibility of players suffering from injuries to the joint itself in advanced age stages, through their impact on some of the abilities of the ankle joint by strengthening the muscles working on it. The problem of the research was the following questions: What is the reality of the biomotor capabilities of young handball players and how to avoid joint sprain injuries and weakness of the working muscles and ligaments on the joint (muscle imbalance). The objectives of the research were: preparing preventive exercises for the ankle joint according to the biomotor capabilities of young handball players and identifying... The effect of preventive exercises on the ankle joint. The researcher assumed that there were statistically significant differences between the results of the pre- and post-tests for the ankle joint according to bio-motor abilities. The researcher used the experimental approach by designing the two equal groups, the control and the experimental, to suit the nature and problem of the research. The research sample was made up of young players belonging to the Samawa Sports Club, numbering 16 players, and they were divided. It was divided into two experimental and control groups, where the number of each group was 8 players. The researcher concluded that preventive exercises have a positive effect on reducing the incidence of injuries to the ankle joint (sprain, minor tear, and muscle weakness). There is a positive effect of preventive exercises on the biokinetic capabilities of the muscle group working on the ankle joint. The researcher recommended using special preventive exercises for the lateral ligaments of the knee joint to prevent injuries (sprains, minor tears, and muscle weakness), preparing special preventive exercises and the necessity of the trainer and physical therapist participating due to the importance of determining the type of muscle weakness that needs to be strengthened or the type of exercises required, their intensity, repetitions, and duration of rest.</p> 2024-05-19T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/5593 WATER PROBLEMS AND WATER RESOURCES OF USAGE CONTROL THE WORLD EXPERIENCES 2024-05-20T09:22:29+00:00 Amanbaev Amanali Orazbaevich Amanbaev@gmail.com <p>This article describes the state of water supply in the countries of the world, management of irrigation networks, prevention of water wastage, improvement of water resources management, political solutions aimed at reducing water needs, use of purified water resources .</p> 2024-05-19T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 https://internationaljournals.co.in/index.php/giirj/article/view/5594 PSYCHO-NEUROLOGICAL FEATURES OF NEUROSES IN CHILDREN 2024-05-20T13:19:48+00:00 Ozodova Diana Sardor kizi Ozodova@mail.uz Saidkhodjaeva S.N. Ozodova@mail.uz Nurkhodjaev S.N. Ozodova@mail.uz <p>This article delves into the intricate psycho-neurological features of neuroses in children, exploring the various manifestations, underlying causes, and potential interventions. Through a comprehensive literature analysis, the study investigates the methods used in diagnosing and treating childhood neuroses, followed by a discussion on the results and implications for further research. Ultimately, this article aims to enhance our understanding of neuroses in children and provide insights into effective therapeutic approaches.</p> 2024-05-20T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024