Main Article Content
This article highlights the fact that the PIRLS 2021 study was conducted in a different way than other studies, i.e. using digital technologies and questions based on interesting texts for students. Yesterday, the results of the PIRLS 2021 study were announced, and these results caused a lot of discussion.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Ina V.S. Mullis va Michael O.Martin, PIRLS 2021 study coverage area. Toshkent-2021
Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development. (1995). Literacy, economy and society: Results of the first International Adult Literacy Survey. Paris, France: Author.
Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, with Statistics Canada. (2005). Learning a living: First results of the adult literacy and life skills survey. Paris, France and Ottawa, Canada: Author/Statistics Canada.
Wineburg, S., McGrew, S., Breakstone, J., & Ortega, T. (2016). Evaluating information: The cornerstone of civic online reasoning. Stanford, CA: Stanford University. Retrieved from http://purl.stanford.edu/fv751yt5934
Coulombe, S., Tremblay, J.-F., & Marchand, S. (2004). Literacy scores, human capital and growth across fourteen OECD countries. Ottawa, Canada: Statistics Canada.
Smith, M.C., Mikulecky, L. Kibby, M.W., & Dreher, M.J. (2000). What will be the demands of literacy in the workplace in the next millennium? Reading Research Quarterly, 35(3), 378–383.
Mullis, I.V.S., Martin, M.O., Goh, S., & Prendergast, C. (Eds.). (2017). PIRLS 2016 encyclopedia: Education policy and curriculum in reading. Retrieved fromhttp://timssandpirls.bc.edu/pirls2016/encyclopedia/
Elley, W.B. (1992). How in the world do students read? IEA study of reading literacy. The Hague, Netherlands: International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA).
Countries’ Reading achievement PIRLS 2021 international results reading.